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Halton C. Arp wki/obit/txt/vds/txt/txt/bk/bk, Henry Bauer txt/blg/ blg/bks/bk/txt/bk/vd, John Beard bk, Harvey Bialy bk/bk/txt/txt/rdo/vd, John Bockris bio/txt/ltr/bk, Donald W. Braben, Peter Breggin ste/fb/col/bks, Darin Brown txt/txt/txt/txt/txt/vd, Giordano Bruno bk/bio/bio, Frank R. Buianouckas, Stanislav Burzynski mov, Erwin Chargaff bio/bk/prs, James Chin bk/vd, Nicolaus Copernicus bk, Mark Craddock, Francis Crick vd, Paul Crutzen, Marie Curie, Rebecca Culshaw txt/bk, Roger Cunningham, Charles Darwin txts/bk, Erasmus Darwin txt//bk/txt/hse/bks, Peter Duesberg ste/ste/bk/txt/vd/vd, Freeman Dyson, Albert Einstein, Richard Feynman bio, John Fewster, Rosalind Franklin, Bernard Forscher tx, Galileo Galilei, Walter Gilbert vd, Goethe bio/bk/bio, Nicolas Gonzalez tlk/rec/stetxt/txt, Alec Gordon, James Hansen, Etienne de Harven bk/txt/vd, Alfred Hassig intw/txt, Robert G. Houston txt, Steven Jonas vd, Edward Jenner txt, Benjamin Jesty, Adrian Kent vd, Thomas Kuhn, Fred Kummerow, Stefan Lanka txt/txt/vd, Serge Lang, John Lauritsen vd, Paul Lauterbur vd, Mark Leggett, Richard Lindzen, James Lovelock, Andrew Maniotis, Lynn Margulis, Barbara McClintock, Christi Meyer vd, George Miklos, Marco Mamone Capria, Peter Medawar, Luc Montagnier txt/txt/vd, Kary Mullis, Linus Pauling prs/vd/vd/vd, Eric Penrose, Roger Penrose vd, Max Planck, Rainer Plaga, David Rasnick /vd, Robert Root-Bernstein vd, Sherwood Rowland, Otto Rossler, Harry Rubin, Marco Ruggiero txt/txt/intw/vd, Bertrand Russell, Carl Sagan vd, Erwin Schrodinger, Fred Singer, Barbara Starfield txt, Gordon Stewart txt/txt, Richard Strohman, Thomas Szasz, Nicola Tesla bio/bio, Charles Thomas intw/vd, Frank Tipler, James Watson vd/vd, Alfred Wegener vd, Edward O. Wilson vd.


Jad Adams bk, Marci Angell bk/txt/txt/txt, Clark Baker ste/txt/rdo/vd, James Blodgett, Tony Brown vd, Hiram Caton txt/txt/txt/bk/ste, Jonathan Collin ste , Marcus Cohen, David Crowe vd, Margaret Cuomo, Stephen Davis BK/BK,/rdo, Michael Ellner vd, Elizabeth Ely txt/txt/ste, Epicurus, Dean Esmay, Celia Farber bio/txt/txt/txt/vd, Jonathan Fishbein txt/txt/wk, T.C.Fry, Michael Fumento, Max Gerson txt, Charles Geshekter vd, Michael Geiger, Roberto Giraldo, David Healy txt, Bob Herbert, Mike Hersee ste/rdo, Neville Hodgkinson txt /vd, James P. Hogan, Richard Horton bio/vd/vd, Christopher Hitchens, Eric Johnson, Claus Jensen vd, Phillip Johnson, Coleman Jones vds, William Donald Kelley, Ernst T. Krebs Sr txt, Ernst T. Krebs Jr. txt,/bio/txt/txt/ltr, Paul Krugman, Brett Leung MOV/ste/txt/txt/tx+vd/txt, Anthony Liversidge blg/intv/intv/txt/txts/txt/intv/txt/vd/vd, Bruce Livesey txt, James W. Loewen, Frank Lusardi, Nathaniel Lehrman vd, Christine Maggiore bk/ste/rec/rdo/vd, Noreen Martin vd, Robert Maver txt/itw, Eric Merola MOV, Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, Michael Moore bio/MOV/MOV/MOV, Gordon Moran, Ralph Nader bk, Ralph Moss txt/blg/ste/bks, Gary Null /txt/rdo/vd, Dan Olmsted wki, Toby Ord vd, Charles Ortleb bk/txt/bk/intw/flm, Neenyah Ostrom bk, Dennis Overbye, Mehmet Dr Oz vd, Eleni Papadopulos-Eleopulos ste/vd, Maria Papagiannidou bk, Thomas Piketty bk/bk/bk/bk/bk/bk/bk/bk/bk/bk, Robert Pollin txt/vd/bk, Jon Rappoport bio/bk/bk/ste/bk/bk/vd, Janine Roberts bk/bk, Luis Sancho vd, Liam Scheff ste/txt/bk/bk/rdio/vd, John Scythes, Casper Schmidt txt/txt, Joan Shenton vd/vd, Joseph Sonnabend vd, John Stauber, David Steele, Joseph Stiglitz bk/txt, Will Storr rdo Wolfgang Streeck, James P. Tankersley ste, Gary Taubes vd, Mwizenge S. Tembo, John Tierney vd, Michael Tracey, Valendar Turner rec, Jesse Ventura bk, Michael Verney-Elliott bio/vds/vd, Voltaire, Walter Wagner, Andrew Weil vd, David Weinberger bio/bk/blg/blg/BK/bk/pds, Robert Willner bk/txt/txt/vd, Howard Zinn.

I am Albert Einstein, and I heartily approve of this blog, insofar as it seems to believe both in science and the importance of intellectual imagination, uncompromised by out of date emotions such as the impulse toward conventional religious beliefs, national aggression as a part of patriotism, and so on.   As I once remarked, the further the spiritual evolution of mankind advances, the more certain it seems to me that the path to genuine religiosity does not lie through the fear of life, and the fear of death, and blind faith, but through striving after rational knowledge.   Certainly the application of the impulse toward blind faith in science whereby authority is treated as some kind of church is to be deplored.  As I have also said, the only thing that ever interfered with my learning was my education. I am Freeman Dyson, and I approve of this blog, but would warn the author that life as a heretic is a hard one, since the ignorant and the half informed, let alone those who should know better, will automatically trash their betters who try to enlighten them with independent thinking, as I have found to my sorrow in commenting on "global warming" and its cures.
Many people would die rather than think – in fact, they do so. – Bertrand Russell.

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The difficulty in communicating science news to the public

September 25th, 2005

The Op Ed piece the other day (Sept 18), “Dangling Particles”, which argued that science needs to clean up its language and presentation if it is to be understood by the public, made a very good general point. Science reporters these days seem to need a lot of help in conveying good science to the public.

We are especially happy that Harvard theoretical physicist Lisa Randall said one particular thing, which many fail to state for fear of playing into the hands of the Intelligent Design crowd: that evolution is still an unfinished theory in the sense that it needs to be completed with the gaps filled in with explanation and evidence for the jumps, though not by God, we would hope:

The very different uses of the word “theory” provide a field day for advocates of “intelligent design.” By conflating a scientific theory with the colloquial use of the word, creationists instantly diminish the significance of science in general and evolution’s supporting scientific evidence in particular. Admittedly, the debate is complicated by the less precise nature of evolutionary theory and our inability to perform experiments to test the progression of a particular species. Moreover, evolution is by no means a complete theory. We have yet to learn how the initial conditions for evolution came about – why we have 23 pairs of chromosomes and at which level evolution operates are only two of the things we don’t understand. But such gaps should serve as incentives for questions and further scientific advances, not for abandoning the scientific enterprise.

This debate might be tamed if scientists clearly acknowledged both the successes and limitations of the current theory, so that the indisputable elements are clearly isolated. But skeptics have to acknowledge that the way to progress is by scientifically addressing the missing elements, not by ignoring evidence. The current controversy over what to teach is just embarrassing.

The New York Times

September 18, 2005

Dangling Particles


Cambridge, Mass.

SCIENCE plays an increasingly significant role in people’s lives, making the faithful communication of scientific developments more important than ever. Yet such communication is fraught with challenges that can easily distort discussions, leading to unnecessary confusion and misunderstandings.

Some problems stem from the esoteric nature of current research and the associated difficulty of finding sufficiently faithful terminology. Abstraction and complexity are not signs that a given scientific direction is wrong, as some commentators have suggested, but are instead a tribute to the success of human ingenuity in meeting the increasingly complex challenges that nature presents. They can, however, make communication more difficult. But many of the biggest challenges for science reporting arise because in areas of evolving research, scientists themselves often only partly understand the full implications of any particular advance or development. Since that dynamic applies to most of the scientific developments that directly affect people’s lives – global warming, cancer research, diet studies – learning how to overcome it is critical to spurring a more informed scientific debate among the broader public.

Ambiguous word choices are the source of some misunderstandings. Scientists often employ colloquial terminology, which they then assign a specific meaning that is impossible to fathom without proper training. The term “relativity,” for example, is intrinsically misleading. Many interpret the theory to mean that everything is relative and there are no absolutes. Yet although the measurements any observer makes depend on his coordinates and reference frame, the physical phenomena he measures have an invariant description that transcends that observer’s particular coordinates. Einstein’s theory of relativity is really about finding an invariant description of physical phenomena. Indeed, Einstein agreed with the suggestion that his theory would have been better named “Invariantentheorie.” But the term “relativity” was already too entrenched at the time for him to change.

“The uncertainty principle” is another frequently abused term. It is sometimes interpreted as a limitation on observers and their ability to make measurements. But it is not about intrinsic limitations on any one particular measurement; it is about the inability to precisely measure particular pairs of quantities simultaneously. The first interpretation is perhaps more engaging from a philosophical or political perspective. It’s just not what the science is about.

Scientists’ different use of language becomes especially obvious (and amusing) to me when I hear scientific terms translated into another language. “La théorie des champs” and “la théorie des cordes” are the French versions of “field theory” and “string theory.” When I think of “un champs,” I think of cows grazing in a pasture, but when I think of “field theory” I have no such association. It is the theory I use that combines quantum mechanics and special relativity and describes objects existing throughout space that create and destroy particles. And string theory is not about strings that you tie around your finger that are made up of atoms; strings are the basic fundamental objects out of which everything is made. The words “string theory” give you a picture, but that picture can sometimes lead to misconceptions about the science.

Most people think of “seeing” and “observing” directly with their senses. But for physicists, these words refer to much more indirect measurements involving a train of theoretical logic by which we can interpret what is “seen.” I do theoretical research on string theory and particle physics and try to focus on aspects of those theories we might experimentally test. My most recent research is about extra dimensions of space. Remarkably, we can potentially “see” or “observe” evidence of extra dimensions. But we won’t reach out and touch those dimensions with our fingertips or see them with our eyes. The evidence will consist of heavy particles known as Kaluza-Klein modes that travel in extra-dimensional space. If our theories correctly describe the world, there will be a precise enough link between such particles (which will be experimentally observed) and extra dimensions to establish the existence of extra dimensions.

Even the word “theory” can be a problem. Unlike most people, who use the word to describe a passing conjecture that they often regard as suspect, physicists have very specific ideas in mind when they talk about theories. For physicists, theories entail a definite physical framework embodied in a set of fundamental assumptions about the world that lead to a specific set of equations and predictions – ones that are borne out by successful predictions. Theories aren’t necessarily shown to be correct or complete immediately. Even Einstein took the better part of a decade to develop the correct version of his theory of general relativity. But eventually both the ideas and the measurements settle down and theories are either proven correct, abandoned or absorbed into other, more encompassing theories.

The very different uses of the word “theory” provide a field day for advocates of “intelligent design.” By conflating a scientific theory with the colloquial use of the word, creationists instantly diminish the significance of science in general and evolution’s supporting scientific evidence in particular. Admittedly, the debate is complicated by the less precise nature of evolutionary theory and our inability to perform experiments to test the progression of a particular species. Moreover, evolution is by no means a complete theory. We have yet to learn how the initial conditions for evolution came about – why we have 23 pairs of chromosomes and at which level evolution operates are only two of the things we don’t understand. But such gaps should serve as incentives for questions and further scientific advances, not for abandoning the scientific enterprise.

This debate might be tamed if scientists clearly acknowledged both the successes and limitations of the current theory, so that the indisputable elements are clearly isolated. But skeptics have to acknowledge that the way to progress is by scientifically addressing the missing elements, not by ignoring evidence. The current controversy over what to teach is just embarrassing.

“Global warming” is another example of problematic terminology. Climatologists predict more drastic fluctuations in temperature and rainfall – not necessarily that every place will be warmer. The name sometimes subverts the debate, since it lets people argue that their winter was worse, so how could there be global warming? Clearly “global climate change” would have been a better name.

But not all problems stem solely from poor word choices. Some stem from the intrinsically complex nature of much of modern science. Science sometimes transcends this limitation: remarkably, chemists were able to detail the precise chemical processes involved in the destruction of the ozone layer, making the evidence that chlorofluorocarbon gases (Freon, for example) were destroying the ozone layer indisputable.

How to report scientific developments on vital issues of the day that are less well understood or in which the connection is less direct is a more complicated question. Global weather patterns are a case in point. Even if we understand some effects of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, it is difficult to predict the precise chain of events that a marked increase in carbon dioxide will cause.

The distillation of results presented to the public in such cases should reflect at least some of the subtleties of the most current developments. More balanced reporting would of course help. Journalists will seek to offer balance by providing an opposing or competing perspective from another scientist on a given development. But almost all newly discovered results will have some supporters and some naysayers, and only time and more evidence will sort out the true story. This was a real problem in the global warming debate for a while: the story was reported in a way that suggested some scientists believed it was an issue and some didn’t, even long after the bulk of the scientific community had recognized the seriousness of the problem.

Sometimes, as with global warming, the claims have been underplayed. But often it’s the opposite: a cancer development presented as a definite advance can seem far more exciting and might raise the status of the researcher far more than a result presented solely as a partial understanding of a microscopic mechanism whose connection to the disease is uncertain. Scientists and the public are both at fault. No matter how many times these “breakthroughs” prove misleading, they will be reported this way as long as that’s what people want to hear.

A better understanding of the mathematical significance of results and less insistence on a simple story would help to clarify many scientific discussions. For several months, Harvard was tortured by empty debates over the relative intrinsic scientific abilities of men and women. One of the more amusing aspects of the discussion was that those who believed in the differences and those who didn’t used the same evidence about gender-specific special ability. How could that be? The answer is that the data shows no substantial effects. Social factors might account for these tiny differences, which in any case have an unclear connection to scientific ability. Not much of a headline when phrased that way, is it?

EACH type of science has its own source of complexity and potential for miscommunication. Yet there are steps we can take to improve public understanding in all cases. The first would be to inculcate greater understanding and acceptance of indirect scientific evidence. The information from an unmanned space mission is no less legitimate than the information from one in which people are on board.

This doesn’t mean never questioning an interpretation, but it also doesn’t mean equating indirect evidence with blind belief, as people sometimes suggest. Second, we might need different standards for evaluating science with urgent policy implications than research with purely theoretical value. When scientists say they are not certain about their predictions, it doesn’t necessarily mean they’ve found nothing substantial. It would be better if scientists were more open about the mathematical significance of their results and if the public didn’t treat math as quite so scary; statistics and errors, which tell us the uncertainty in a measurement, give us the tools to evaluate new developments fairly.

But most important, people have to recognize that science can be complex. If we accept only simple stories, the description will necessarily be distorted. When advances are subtle or complicated, scientists should be willing to go the extra distance to give proper explanations and the public should be more patient about the truth. Even so, some difficulties are unavoidable. Most developments reflect work in progress, so the story is complex because no one yet knows the big picture.

But speculation and the exploration of ideas beyond what we know with certainty are what lead to progress. They are what makes science exciting. Although the more involved story might not have the same immediate appeal, the truth in the end will always be far more interesting.

Lisa Randall, a professor of physics at Harvard, is the author of “Warped Passages: Unraveling the Mysteries of the Universe’s Hidden Dimensions.”

The letters that have commented on this editorial include one today (Sept 25) that makes the following point:

The crucial criterion for any scientific theory is that it must make testable predictions (not “post”-dictions). Would the proponents of intelligent design please tell us what are the testable predictions of their “theory”?

The same question might be asked of HIV?AIDS theory. What testable predictions has it made which have proved out?

None at all, it seems.

September 23, 2005

Science and Uncertainty

To the Editor:

“Dangling Particles,” by Lisa Randall (Op-Ed, Sept. 18), is insightful in describing the difficulties in communicating scientific news, which is often complex, to a public that prefers a simple story.

It bears repeating: the appeal of the simple story is based in human nature and in the universal longing for security, certainty and predictability.

It is regrettable that so few people have acquired the emotional discipline to override this longing and that only a minority has learned to tolerate uncertainty and ambiguity as a normal part of life.

David C. Balderston

New York, Sept. 20, 2005

September 25, 2005

The Testable Theory

To the Editor:

Re “Dangling Particles” (Op-Ed, Sept. 18):

Lisa Randall, in her discussion about evolution, may have inadvertently opened the door to the creationists when she says that “evolution is by no means a complete theory.”

One of the favorite ploys by the creationists has been to claim that evolution is only a theory that has not been proved. Of course, anyone with a basic knowledge of scientific methodology would know that no theory can ever be proved since it must always be subject to experimental verification.

The crucial criterion for any scientific theory is that it must make testable predictions (not “post”-dictions). Would the proponents of intelligent design please tell us what are the testable predictions of their “theory”?

Ahren Sadoff

Ithaca, N.Y., Sept. 19, 2005

The writer is a professor of physics at Cornell University.

Are AIDS skeptics flagging? A few inspirational words from Rafe Esquith

September 12th, 2005

In AIDS, activists of the skeptical kind range widely in type and scientific expertise. They go from the few notable scientists willing to step forward and confirm that the most intensely reviewed scientific literature demolishes the reigning paradigm, to lay people who smell numerous rats and say so loudly and clearly even though they cannot always quote the scientific literature to advantage.

It is surprising that any of them survive. Together, they face a wall of resistance from well placed scientific opponents, the fellow traveling daily and weekly media, careerist government officials, hugely profitable global drug companies, pandering mainstream publishers, confidently uninformed Hollywood personalities, trench-informed doctors and nurses, authority wielding NGO personnel in afflicted foreign countries, statistically adept UNAID researchers, smugly collegial grant officials in establishment foundations, fearful AIDS patients, angry gay activists, and a vast flock of sheep.

By flock of sheep which we mean the high proportion of such woolly, baa-ing critturs, temperamentally speaking, among the uninformed public, who apparently now have an almost religious belief in this paradigm inculcated by ads for testing, AIDS walks, NIH officials appearing on the Charlie Rose show, the coverage of New York Times reporters and editors, AIDS runs in Central Park, social endorsements by movie stars, and so on, so that questioning it subjects the AIDS skeptic to being recategorized as insane and possibly dangerous.

Faced with the immovable mass of this international congregation of the high church of HIV-AIDS, it would hardly be surprising if after many years the irresistible force of AIDS truthseeking might falter in its determination, and truthseekers bow down under the weight of their social burden.

However, the surprising thing is that few of them do so. In fact Truthseeker, having long acquaintance with many of these naive idealists of science and human nature, knows few examples of any important dropout, let alone any turncoat, among the ranks of this frequently ragged rebel army, more than one of whom live on the verge of eviction while their opponents roll in the financial hay.

The only exceptions we can think of right now are Jad Adams, a young British author who after early on writing one of the best book exposes of what he saw as the self-evident AIDS boondoggle early in the affair (Jad Adams, “AIDS: The Virus Myth”, St Martins Press, 1989) apparently retired injured in the aftermath of a storm of scurrilous press attacks in London (though also some support in Nature, see early post here) and moved on to other topics to pay the rent, and Walter Gilbert.

The renowned molecular biologist Gilbert, 1980 Nobel prize winner for a seminal advance in the lab analysis of DNA, was a star at Harvard until he retired to pursue his artwork. Years ago he was quite willing to say to this writer for publication that Peter Duesberg was probably right about HIV and it was quite possible that AIDS had another cause entirely, and later he went on record on film saying so. The quote is now used by the skeptics (eg see site, a repository for key skeptic texts up to the last couple of years, when the webmaster ran out of money) as an exhibit to show that, with Kary Mullis, there are two Nobelists who support their questioning.

For several years Gilbert even used Peter Duesberg’s 1989 review in the Proceedings of the National Academy as an impeccable example of how to challenge a paradigm for his graduate student seminar. Interestingly, as Nature Biotechnology’s founding science editor Harvey Bialy has pointed out, not a single one of Gilbert’s brainy graduates was moved to write a rebuttal and make their name at the beginning of their careers. Could this be because, tutored by Gilbert, they all recognized its unanswerable quality? But eventually Gilbert tired of the press exposure and cried off further interviews on the topic, perhaps understandably (though in the view of some, still irresponsibly) preferring to conserve his political capital for his own fights.

Of course, the unswerving dedication of AIDS skeptics to their cause may simply be a reflection of the fact that the AIDS establishment, secure and even smug in its dominance of all information outlets from the New York Times to Charlie Rose to science journals to college textbooks, has seen fit not to offer any cash sum to persuade any of them to cross over.

Certainly no one has contacted Truthseeker with a substantial offer, which we find vaguely insulting. How is it that our efforts to illuminate this situation, and turn over the stone beneath which numerous Truthconcealers hide, has met with no attractive counter offer? We hereby announce our willingness to entertain any offer of any kind significantly over the six figure mark. Please email “” as soon as possible.

After all, it is not as if such an offer is without precedent. One merely has to turn to page 177 of what is currently the definitive evisceration of the theorizing and antics of the AIDS-HIV paradigm and its promoters, “Oncogenes, Aneuploidy and AIDS: A Scientific Life and Times of Peter H. Duesberg”, by Harvey Bialy, North Atlantic Books (see earlier post). Here we find a prime example of temptation from the devil.

In the fall of 1994, as Bialy tells it, Duesberg was invited to the San Francisco opera by an old colleague from the NIH passing through on the way to China, one Stephen O’Brien. At drinks afterwards O’Brien reached into his tuxedo and fished out a folded manuscript, saying “This has already been accepted at Nature. All you have to do is sign.”

The text turned out to be, under the heading “HIV causes AIDS: Koch’s postulates fulfilled”, a rehash of the arguments of the self-serving epidemiology of AIDS that purported to show that HIV is the cause of AIDS, while assuming it.

When Duesberg took the mansucript in hand (he was to be listed as one of the three co-authors, and thus redeemed in the eyes of the world and restored to his previous cardinalship as the incorruptible and reliable authority in the field) and corrected its content and its title, Steve O’Brien wrote to him that though he considered Duesberg “one striking exception” to the numerous “blatant examples of fraud in science”, he thought that his “campaign that HIV does not cause AIDS is not so compelling and I am afraid wrong, just wrong” and that “I believe you should consider signing the article for your own good.”

Of course, Duesberg didn’t sign it and the article never ran in Nature, eventually surfacing in the obscure Current Opinion in Immunology two years later, with a note saying mysteriously that Duesberg had declined joint authorship. The letter, meanwhile, reposes in the Peter H. Duesberg Archive of the Bancroft Library at the University of California at Berkeley. Anyone who can gain access to it can read who it was that Steve O’Brien had in mind when referring to scientists who had perpetrated “blatant fraud” in duping the scientific community, a list which unfortunately is omitted by Bialy’s book on the advice of the publisher’s lawyers.

Anyhow, with this precedent in mind we find ourselves humbled that no representative of the AIDS establishment has approached us with an offer of any kind, and while encouraging them to do so, we realize that it is simply an indication of how unimportant we are compared to Peter Duesberg, on whose metaphorically mighty shoulders ride all who call attention to the anomalies and absurdities that have been airbrushed out of the AIDS picture.

Let’s acknowledge that Duesberg in declining the opportunity to sell his soul to the devil and put his name to a paper which he found repellent was not just giving up renewed membership in the Bob Club, as the AIDS scientific establishment was known in the early days. He was giving up millions of dollars, both in the renewed flow of Government funding for his laboratory that would quickly come with collegial status and also the private investment money which of late in various ways magically streams into the pockets of scientists who get a slice of the action.

Some of that money flows into the pockets of many of the AIDS-HIV promoting groups listed above who cooperate and coordinate with each other in maintaining the AIDS-HIV paradigm and its consequences. In fact, the few journalists such as Celia Farber brave or foolhardy enough to pursue their investigation of the underside of AIDS are having a field day finding out just how heavily dependent on drug company money are AIDS-HIV activist groups. The inspiring answer is that the drug companies fund their operations to a high level, and that the agitation seen at AIDS Conferences would never happen without this kindness.

As far as investigative journalists go, in AIDS, at the moment as far as we know Farber is unique except for Liam Scheff, the young journalist who took the lid off the AIDS Orphans Used as Drug Test Guinea Pigs scandal in New York (see earlier post). That such people exist let alone continue their work and their moral outrage under current conditions seems amazing to us. But neither shows any signs of weakening.

Nor does the remarkable Harvey Bialy, the founding science editor of Nature Biotechnology who now teaches at the Institute of Biotechnology at the Autonomous National University of Mexico in Cuernevaca. Bialy, however, having delivered his broadside against the tyranny of Duesberg’s opponents in both cancer and AIDS, in the form of his hyper-intelligent, no-foolishness-overlooked book last year, is waiting for the slow but possibly explosive final outcome of this sleeper, which takes the lid off the egregious bending, subversion and diversion of science into profitable but ultimately empty cul-de-sacs in both fields, as it works its way through the reading lists of those in the know towards the attention of outside journalists and other interested parties, such as government officials, congressional staff and just possibly in the end the public prosecutor responsible for detecting scams on the public purse.

Meanwhile Bialy has apparently taken refuge in art for the moment, starting a heavily visited weblog featuring his collages and poetry at which is strongly influenced as is all his Web posting and email by humor drawn from the Goon Show, a British radio show of the fifties featuring Harry Secombe and Peter Sellers, whereby Bialy develops and speaks in the voice of Eccles, an alter ego drawn from the show.

This tendency to metamorphise from an earnest AIDS discussionist into a humorist is an urge felt by many in the game of critiquing AIDS-HIV ideology from the famously witty Peter Duesberg on downwards, including this author. Perhaps it is caused by the inescapable tediousness of repeating the same obvious flaws in the AIDS-HIV hypothesis time after time to the slower witted adherents of the paradigm, many of whom seem to have given up independent thinking almost completely. That, and the hilarity induced by the sheer gigantic absurdity of some of the unscientific beliefs promulgated with a straight face by the powers that be in the field.

Just to take one example, the idea of an army of testers going around in major American cities and now increasingly among the hapless poor of Namibia and other African countries, and points further east in Asia and Russia, using a questionable test for antibodies to an agent to mark future victims of the disease supposedly caused by the agent which is typically absent, is such an outrage to common sense, let alone science, which tells us that in any other case whatsoever antibodies are a sign of cure in the absence of the agent, this idea is such an absurdity that it is impossible for its humor to remain repressed, however unhappy the result may be when the unfortunate Namibians, Indians and soon Chinese are beset with lethal “drug cocktail” antidotes at cut rate prices from the global drug companies via aid from UN member nations and their NGOs partly funded by the right-thinking promoters and audiences of large rock concerts.

Laughter at this cartoonish if ultimately murderous picture is in fact one of the few rewards of an uphill fight that never seems to get anywhere for the skeptics of AIDS, so the example of an idealist such as Rafe Esquith who has achieved such magical results by pushing his vision against the envious and petty resistance of his colleagues is worth quoting.

Actually it is Esquith who is worth quoting for the encouragement his example offers to all such idealists who find themselves alone in the crowd they are trying to benefit.

Who is Rafe Esquith? A teacher who has achieved miracles with passion and purpose.

We thought of the passion of Peter Duesberg and his supporters last night when PBS rebroadcast the latest POV segment, a documentary about Esquith. Rafe Esquith is an elementary school teacher in “Koreatown”, Los Angeles, whose teaching led the New York Times to call him a genius and a saint.

Esquith is by his own account an ordinary man distinguished by two things, a passion for teaching and faith in his charges, who consist of 9-11 year olds from a district in Los Angeles which has many ambitious immigrant parents from countries such as Korea and Mexico who send their children to the school, but who do not speak English at home.

In some kind of educational miracle Esquith has taught their children to read and act Shakespeare, and he has achieved such winning success at this that the children have given invited performances in the old Globe theater in England, at the Supreme Court, for the National Press Club, and at Shakespeare festivals around the country. Do these eager kids understand the plays they read and act in? The documentary shows that they understand them well enough to cry and laugh with Shakespeare’s characters as they read. They recite the lines with more meaning than many professionals.

The New York Times

September 6, 2005

TELEVISION REVIEW; Through Shakespeare, Lessons of Life And Devotion


In a fifth-grade classroom in a poor and dangerous part of Los Angeles, Hobart Boulevard Elementary School pupils (mostly Latino and Asian) are doing ”Hamlet.” They are so good at it that at one point Sir Ian McKellen, who has played Hamlet, Macbeth, Iago, Richard II and Richard III, drops in to watch, to do a little recitation of his own and to praise them.

”The best thing about the Hobart Shakespeareans is that they know what they’re saying,” Sir Ian tells them, adding that this cannot be said of every adult who has ever appeared in a Shakespearean play.

In Mel Stuart’s fine and passionate documentary ”The Hobart Shakespeareans,” which has its premiere tonight on the PBS series ”P.O.V.,” several things are clear. The 49-year-old teacher, Rafe Esquith, is a genius and saint. The American education system would do well to imitate him. These children’s lives have been changed by their year with this man. And it is not all about Elizabethan drama.

Mr. Esquith’s pupils play guitar. They name the six states that border Idaho. They discuss whether Huckleberry Finn would be doing the right thing to turn in his friend Jim, a runaway slave. They visit the Lincoln Memorial on a class trip.

Their classroom world operates like the real one: with money. In this case the currency is play money, in which they are paid salaries. It costs more to sit at the front of the class than in the back. Not doing your homework brings a $50 fine. At Christmas, Mr. Esquith gives them real Barnes & Noble gift certificates.

But it is the yearlong study of a single Shakespearean play that symbolizes Mr. Esquith’s methods and his success. It is thrilling to hear Brenda De Leon read a speech of Ophelia’s beautifully, to watch Lidia Medina express Gertrude’s pain and to see Alan Avila, who was considered a problem student by a previous teacher, tackle the title role of the melancholy Danish prince. At the outset, Mr. Esquith explains what ”Hamlet” is about: death. ”They’re throwing skulls all over the graveyard,” he says.

During Christmas vacation, the children in the play come in every day to work on it. Mr. Esquith tells the camera that this is teaching them discipline, teamwork and sacrifice. He is a man fond of mottoes: ”Be nice and work hard.” ”There are no shortcuts.” As Hamlet says: ”Words. Words. Words.”

But words have impact. This is clearest, on a class visit to the campus of U.C.L.A., Mr. Esquith’s alma mater, when he tells the children: ”This is the life you’re working for. You can do this.” He has Ivy League pennants on his classroom wall, gifts from former students who have gone on to those schools, to prove it.


The Hobart Shakespeareans

PBS, tonight at 10, check local listings.

Directed and produced by Mel Stuart; Alex Rotaru, co-producer, editor and cinematographer; Tamara Blaich, Chad Baron, associate producers; additional photography by Damani Baker, Chad Baron, Jerry Henry and Mel Stuart.

Copyright 2005 The New York Times Company | Permissions | Privacy Policy

As usual, Esquith’s accomplishment is partly an uphill battle against the conformity and inertia of those less inspired. While the children often go on to Yale and Harvard, Esquith is left dealing with the hostility and envy that national attention and money from Oprah Winfrey and other sponsors has engendered among the other teachers at the school, which the documentary omits, but which can be read in the news coverage of what is to many people the most sensational story in teaching.

What we like and think is relevant here is the courage Esquith has shown in the face of years of overwork, underfunding and sniping from his colleagues.

While Esquith has won honors, such as the National Medal of Arts from President Bush (which he keeps locked away in a cabinet for safekeeping) and the National Teacher of the Year Award (which he accepted wearing a tuxedo with his white tennis shoes), his peers have not always been kind. He has received hate letters from fellow teachers who feel their efforts have been overlooked in light of Esquith’s national attention, and he gets his fair share of cold shoulders on campus.

His classroom too has come under fire — vandalized and burglarized by gang members. And his students say they are picked on for being in the Shakespeare productions, ostracized as “snobs” by former teachers and fellow students alike. For Esquith, it’s not about making an easy path for his students but about opening doors for them to work hard and create better lives for themselves.

However, support for Esquith’s valiant efforts to prove that kids can achieve wonders if properly inspired now comes from other successful people, perhaps demonstrating one of life’s great principles, that those who attempt great things must seek support from the great and not from the small.

At first, Esquith and his wife, Barbara, funded his program out of their own pockets and with prodigious expenditures of their time and energy. Today, donations from major corporations and private individuals cover the cost of the class’s extra-curricular activities None of these funds are used to supplement Esquith’s salary as an inner-city school teacher.

Some say that Esquith’s successes are the product of a singular sense of mission, and therefore not examples broadly applicable to an education crisis in which poor kids in poor schools fall ever farther behind. But what Esquith has proved, albeit through singular sacrifice, is that with the best educational tools – tools that society could provide if it wanted – any kid can succeed. That, for Rafe Esquith, is the American dream.

“With all my thrilling experiences in the movie business, this was a wonderful film to shoot,” says producer/director Mel Stuart. “We can see these kids blossom and open up. It’s a testament to the powers of art and to the difference one thoroughly committed person can make.”

It is on the record of people like this, who show that commitment and passion can achieve the world in the end, that one can expect the AIDS idealists to succeed sooner or later in opening up the door to free speech and outside review in this problematical field, where the truth seems to be that two decades and billions of dollars, not to mention many lives, have been wasted barking up the wrong tree.

Here are a few paragraphs from Esquith’s book, “There Are No Shortcuts”:

Perhaps I have an unusual view of the world of education, but each and every day I walk into my classroom and I remind myself of something important: I remember whom I work for. It’s not my principal, who is a good guy with many positive qualities. It’s not any of his assistants, some of whom I like and some of whom never met Will Rogers. It is certainly not the children, although some teachers forget this and actually believe the children should have an equal voice in the daily running of a classroom.

I work for the parents and the taxpayers. They are the people who pay me and they are the people I serve. It’s my job to provide them with the best service I possibly can. This is not always easy or convenient. I simply believe that anyone who becomes a teacher must accept that there are certain parts of the job not described in the contract. As a teacher, I accept the fact that not all the children will be easy to teach. I know that I will often be called on to stay after school to help a child in need. I know that large amounts of my personal time will be spent shopping for my class and planning my lessons. My wife, Barbara, a nurse for fifteen years, taught me that her shift at the hospital did not end when the clock struck a certain hour; it ended when her patients were well cared for, comfortable, and in the hands of the next shift. If that meant staying an extra hour on certain days because a patient needed a hand held or a back rubbed, Barbara was there. It was the job. The same is true for other service professions, and teaching is no different.

In an elementary school, the single most important factor in determining the progress of your child is: Who will be the teacher for the year? Your child will be spending thousands of hours with this person. We all know that the teacher creates the weather in a classroom. Will it be a happy place? Will your child be challenged without being frustrated? Will your child have a voice? We have all been in classrooms and know that it’s the teacher who holds the answers to these crucial questions.

As a parent, one of the best things you can do for your elementary-aged children should happen a few months before their next school year. This is the time when schools begin to pencil in which teacher will teach which grades. Most parents know nothing about this process. When this selection occurs, the current school year is well under way and the parents have been to Open House, have seen report cards, and have had a parent conference. Most parents assume that they’ve done their duty until they turn up the following year to meet the new teachers and check on their child’s progress. Yet one of the most important things parents can do is to be part of the process of teacher selection for the next school year. I’ve seen schools where the local PTA is actually part of the hiring process, and this is as it should be. But this isn’t what happens at the Jungle and many other schools, and parents need to know what is going down.

Not too hard to see a parallel here with disease science, practised as a profession rather than a vocation, and as a consequence filled with mediocrities whose ambition is realized through politicking rather than passion for discovery.

Certainly what is happening in science in some quarters is not what the public thinks, and it needs to send its representatives to find out what is going down.

This is the story in the LA Times

September 6, 2005 : Education

Shakespeare, to expand their globe

# A Koreatown teacher sets high goals for his fifth graders. The results are chronicled in a PBS documentary.

By Merrill Balassone, Times Staff Writer

The bell shrills at Hobart Elementary in the heart of Koreatown, signaling the end of the school day. The campus quickly empties, but no one budges in fifth-grade teacher Rafe Esquith’s classroom. Instead, more children file in; some perch on filing cabinets bordering the room and some former students, still enjoying summer vacation before the start of middle school, pack into the back.

Today is an important day for this group, the Hobart Shakespeareans, and a hush falls, punctuated only by excited whispers. The cast list is being announced for this year’s Shakespeare production, “Love’s Labour’s Lost.”

The children, ages 9 to 11, know there are months of work ahead of them. Esquith has asked them to sacrifice video games and television. These children, many from immigrant families who don’t speak English at home, will memorize and perform the unabridged work. But they are inspired by the students from years past, who have traveled the country to perform and attended top-notch universities, and whose fans include actors Ian McKellen and Michael York. Many alumni, some still children themselves, return to help the new actors memorize their parts and master the rhythm of the lines.

The young troupe is the subject of a PBS documentary, “The Hobart Shakespeareans,” directed by Mel Stuart that premieres on “P.O.V.” at 9:30 p.m. Friday on KCET in the Los Angeles area. The hourlong film chronicles the group’s year of rehearsals as they prepared for their performance of “Hamlet” in 2003.

Esquith’s students suffer from poverty and struggle against the influences of gangs and drugs, which result in a culture of low expectations. To compete with students from more privileged schools, his classes work twice as hard. His rallying cry, echoed in a banner at the front of the classroom: “There are no shortcuts.”

Nearly all his students arrive at 7 a.m. — an hour before school starts — for extra math work and spend their recess and lunch breaks learning guitar. After school is Shakespeare rehearsal, and on Saturdays and vacations, students practice grammar and math, while alumni can get SAT tutoring and help with college applications. The students read higher-level literature, such as “Lord of the Flies,” “Huckleberry Finn” and “The Catcher in the Rye.”

“I ask these children to defy the culture of their neighborhood,” Esquith said. “I want my kids to know that they’re just as good and just as American as Abraham Lincoln, George Washington or Dr. Martin Luther King. My worst fear is that they will become ordinary.”

Brenda De Leon, 12, who starred in the production of “Hamlet” as Ophelia, said her experience as a Hobart Shakespearean broadened her horizons and taught her to set higher standards for herself.

“In other classes, they don’t expect much — if you got average grades they would be happy with you,” said Brenda, who now hopes to attend an Ivy League school and become an AIDS specialist. “I was very shy and wouldn’t participate in class. In Rafe’s class, there was lots of work and lots of sacrifice, and I learned I had to be excellent all the time.”

As a Shakespearean, Brenda also took trips: one to perform in front of 1,000 people in Hawaii, where she also swam with dolphins; a trip to Ashland, Ore., for its annual Shakespeare Festival; Washington, D.C., for a tour of American monuments; and South Dakota to learn about Native American heritage.

“Before, I felt that Koreatown was the whole world,” Brenda said. “Then I saw that there were better communities and neighborhoods. There weren’t always gangs.”

Esquith said the trips are an opportunity to teach the children real-life skills, such as how to manage a budget, plan meals and even tip the maids.

“When we travel, we won’t stay in Motel 6 — that’s not what we’re working for,” he said. “I’m tired of walking into a hotel and seeing that the only Latinos there are the workers. I want my Latino students to be running these hotels someday.”

As a young teacher, Esquith worked four jobs, including graveyard shifts, to raise the money for trips and to purchase books and musical instruments for his students. Still, he would arrive at Hobart at 6:30 each morning wearing his signature uniform: a crisp button-down shirt, sweater vest and tie, with white Adidas sneakers.

His schedule eventually took him past the brink of physical exhaustion, but even that didn’t slow him down. He once climbed out of a hospital window after a severe asthma attack so he wouldn’t miss a trip with his students. It took pleading from his wife, Barbara, a registered nurse, to make him realize the toll on his health.

“I had to grow up a little bit,” Esquith said. “If you’re all passion and no brains, you’re not effective. You’re no good to anyone if you drop dead.”

In 1992, an alumnus from Esquith’s first year of teaching, by then in his third year of Yale Law School, came to his rescue. He set up a nonprofit organization called the Hobart Shakespearean Foundation that now brings in about $200,000 a year in donations.

The documentary shows snippets of the troupe’s “Hamlet” performance, which is interspersed with rock songs and performed in Esquith’s classroom with stage lights and bleachers set up for the audience, which included British actor York.

“I cannot watch Mel’s documentary without being moved to tears,” York said. “There’s such a bad rap about education, immigration and all these ills, but here’s someone who has a solution and the dedication to carry it out. Rafe says his big fear is that the kids will be ordinary, but you have the sense that none of them are.”

York said he was particularly moved by a scene in which the students read an excerpt from “Huckleberry Finn” dealing with Huck deciding whether to turn in his friend Jim, an escaped slave, to the authorities. The children take turns reading, their sobs choking the words as they are overcome with emotion.

“I was truly amazed, and I’m not just talking about the Shakespeare,” York said. “It’s all the other things that go along with it — the extraordinary civility of the children.”

The motto “Be Nice, Work Hard” is another tenet the Shakespeareans must live by. On a recent afternoon during recess, the classroom is full of students who are learning to play guitar. The walls are covered with pennants from the nation’s top universities — Yale, Stanford, Harvard. Under the pennants are placards inscribed with the names of the students who now go there, with the date they graduated from Esquith’s class.

While Esquith has won honors, such as the National Medal of Arts from President Bush (which he keeps locked away in a cabinet for safekeeping) and the National Teacher of the Year Award (which he accepted wearing a tuxedo with his white tennis shoes), his peers have not always been kind. He has received hate letters from fellow teachers who feel their efforts have been overlooked in light of Esquith’s national attention, and he gets his fair share of cold shoulders on campus.

His classroom too has come under fire — vandalized and burglarized by gang members. And his students say they are picked on for being in the Shakespeare productions, ostracized as “snobs” by former teachers and fellow students alike. For Esquith, it’s not about making an easy path for his students but about opening doors for them to work hard and create better lives for themselves.

“I’m just this really ordinary guy that stuck with it,” Esquith said. “My job is done when they’re ready for their lives.”

This is a review from San Antonio Current by Steven G. Kellman:

A lesson in teaching

By Steven G. Kellman


In The Hobart Shakespeareans, one instructor proves again that children rise to meet expectations

To find an early advocate of dumbing down the curriculum, look to Shakespeare’s Desdemona. “Those that do teach young babes/ Do it with gentle means and easy tasks,” she tells Iago. However, though Rafe Esquith reveres Shakespeare, the tasks he sets the young babes in his classroom are far from easy. Esquith teaches fifth grade at Hobart Elementary, a large public school serving a neighborhood in central Los Angeles so tough that the building sometimes has to be locked down to protect the children from violence outside. Most of his students are either Latino or Asian, and none speaks English as a first language. Yet Esquith inspires his 10-year-old charges to mount a production of Hamlet that astonishes Ian McKellen. “You understand every single word,” the master actor tells the young performers, in awe of an accomplishment that eludes most college students, and even their professors. “Once they’re in a culture of excellence, they do fine,” says Esquith about the correlation between expectation and achievement.

Fifth-grade teacher Rafe Esquith uses Shakespeare to teach vocabulary, fencing, ethics, and more. His unorthodox, award-winning dedication to a Los Angeles public school is documented in P.O.V.’s Hobart Shakespeareans.

The Hobart Shakespeareans focuses on preparations for the staging of a Shakespeare play that concludes the school year for each successive cohort under Esquith’s tutelage. It is a grander example of San Antonio’s “Shakespeare in the Barrio” program. But the film, which is scheduled for broadcast on KLRN-TV Tuesday, September 6, at 10 p.m., as part of the PBS P.O.V. series, is not confined to Elizabethan drama. Esquith also teaches math, geography, history, music, and baseball, as well as discipline, civility, and compassion. “We do Shakespeare because I personally love him,” he explains. But Hamlet becomes a pretext for the study of vocabulary, fencing, ethics, and much else.

“Be nice. Work hard.” If a secular institution must have commandments carved in granite, those two rules that govern the world according to Rafe would do just fine. The children enrolled in Esquith’s class are not there because of any special tracking. They happen to live in the impoverished district and are fortunate enough to be assigned a teacher so dedicated to his profession and pupils that he voluntarily comes to school six days a week. Esquith even holds sessions during vacations, and, until wealthy patrons began making donations, paid for group trips with his own funds. He expands the boundaries of the California classroom by taking his students to Washington, Gettysburg, Williamsburg, and Mount Rushmore. In a society that honored teachers as much as politicians, the pedagogical paragon of Hobart Elementary would be immortalized on the face of a South Dakota cliff.

The Hobart Shakespeareans

Dir. Mel Stuart

Some dissent.

Mercedes Santoyo, his principal, hints at the envy that Esquith’s international attention has aroused in fellow teachers. But director Mel Stuart (best known for the original Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory) offers no elaboration. Sixth-grade teachers must consider Esquith a hard act to follow. Except for a glimpse of him lecturing in Houston, we are shown no interaction between Esquith and others except his adoring students and his devoted wife, Barbara. Nor do former students testify to his influence during a career spanning two decades. Ignoring the neighborhood, the camera remains riveted on Esquith at work. While reading about Huckleberry Finn’s moral dilemmas, several students are moved to tears. Learning about the reading list – including Lord of the Flies, To Kill a Mockingbird, The Autobiography of Malcolm X, and A Catcher in the Rye – that these fifth-graders master, a viewer is moved to wonder why Johnny can’t read in twelfth-grade classes elsewhere. Like Jaime Escalante, who – portrayed by Edward James Olmos in Stand and Deliver – taught calculus and self-esteem to disadvantaged youngsters in East L.A., Rafe Esquith is an inspiration to us all, and an admonition to all those Texas leaders who lack and limit education. •

©San Antonio Current 2005

This is an interview with Rafe and the filmmaker Mel:

The Atticus Finch of Hobart Elementary

By Terrence McNally, AlterNet. Posted September 6, 2005.

In a stunning new documentary, a fifth-grade teacher at one of the nation’s largest inner-city schools inspires his students to lead extraordinary lives, despite language barriers and poverty.

Documentaries today may be giving us what we hunger for. The film March of the Penguins, which reveals the birds’ harsh and glorious Antarctic mating season, has become the second highest grossing documentary in history, behind only Fahrenheit 9/11. Another documentary, Mad Hot Ballroom, takes us inside a ballroom dancing competition for New York City’s fifth graders. A third film, The Hobart Shakespeareans (premiering on PBS Tuesday, Sept. 6), made by filmmaker Mel Stuart, follows Rafe Esquith’s fifth-grade class in inner-city Los Angeles as they learn to perform a full-text Hamlet by the end of their school year.

Whether it’s penguins or fifth graders, all these documentaries are about goodness, dedication and purpose, as well as respect and treating others well. There’s something joyful and painfully touching when we see the life force in action with purpose.

Rafe Esquith leads his fifth graders through an uncompromising curriculum of English, mathematics, geography and literature. His classroom mottos are “Be nice. Work hard,” and “There are no shortcuts.” Every student performs in a full-length Shakespeare play. Despite language barriers and poverty, many of these Hobart Shakespeareans move on to attend outstanding colleges.

Esquith, who grew up in Los Angeles and attended the city’s public schools, has taught fifth grade at Hobart Boulevard Elementary for over 20 years. “I don’t want my students to be ordinary,” he says. “I want them to be extraordinary because I know that they are. If a 10-year-old, who doesn’t speak English at home, can step in front of you and do a scene from Shakespeare, then there is nothing that he cannot accomplish.”

TERRENCE MCNALLY: Rafe, what led you to teaching and to Hobart Elementary?

RAFE ESQUITH: I became a teacher because my father taught me that a life without service is a wasted life. I found I had a knack for teaching, I taught at a middle-class school for two years. Great kids, but they didn’t need me. I was challenged by a principal to come to Hobart School, where there are 2,400 children, and I realized that we were a perfect match. These were kids who want a way out, and after many years of teaching, I figured out a way to help them get out.

Mel, what led you to this documentary?

MEL STUART: Luck. That’s a very important part of being a filmmaker. You have to be lucky. I was read in the paper that Rafe had won an award for teaching inner-city schoolchildren, nine and 10 years old, a curriculum that included performing Shakespeare. I’m a Shakespeare nut, have been since I was 13 and saw Henry V with Olivier. So I called Rafe and asked him, “What play are you doing next year?” and he said, “Hamlet.” I said, “Perfect, that’s the one I want to do.”

I was initially attracted to the film because of the Hamlet hook, but when I watched it, I saw so much more. What did you know before you decided to do it, and what surprised you?

MEL STUART: I went there planning to do Hamlet, but it turned out, they were playing baseball to learn to be American citizens, they were simulating a money economy in the classroom, they were reading the most incredible books. Rafe was guiding them through the great books of our literature.


MEL STUART: Fifth-graders reading Catcher in the Rye and Malcolm X, or Huckleberry Finn. You see the effect it has on these kids. I only wish that my own children could have gone to Rafe’s class. I made the film because I want the whole nation to know what Rafe can do with children that don’t have the background and the money that other children in this country have.

Rafe, in the film and in your book you mention a turning point, when you realized that you were a pretty good teacher and you were a teacher kids liked, but that you weren’t making the difference you needed to make.

RAFE ESQUITH: You’re too kind. The truth is, I was failing, because the real measure of a teacher is not that the kids like him or that they do well at the tests at the end of the year. The real measure is where are these children five years from now, 10 years from now? What am I giving to these children that they’ll be using for the rest of their lives?

One night when I was really ready to give it up, my wife Barbara said, “Rafe you ought to re-read To Kill a Mockingbird.” In Atticus Finch, I found the model I was looking for. Early in that book his children ask, “Are we gonna win?” Finch says no. But he doesn’t run from the courtroom, he goes in and fights the fight anyway, because he believes strongly in Tom Robinson’s innocence and he’s going to speak the truth.

My classroom is that courtroom. I feel all the time that I’m a very ordinary human being, but what separates good teachers from other teachers is good teachers don’t give up. I tell the children not to give up. That means I can’t give up either.

Late in the documentary, you say, “I’ve won these awards, I’ve written this book, I’ve got this documentary, I could make more money doing something else, and I’ve been here 20 years now … But for 20 years I’ve been telling them this is important. For me to walk away would make me a hypocrite.”

RAFE ESQUITH: Well, we always say, “No child left behind.” I see a lot of teachers now who win an award or two, and they write their book and they get their website, and then they leave. Talk about no child left behind, they leave them all behind! I can’t do that.

What are some of the things you’ve come up with over the years? It’s looks like a totally unique world inside your classroom.

RAFE ESQUITH: You’re right, we’ve created a different culture — a culture that’s different from the neighborhood in which these kids live, a culture different from society. We do it through character development. We have the children develop a code of behavior. Right now I’m not in the classroom, but I’ll come back in an hour after I’m done talking to you, and the kids will be behaving perfectly because they don’t behave for me. A lot of children try to please adults. I don’t want them to please me, I’m a very small part of the story.

The real heroes in this film are the children who have the courage to walk the path that I’ve laid out for them. That means a push for excellence. Our society doesn’t value excellence, and I don’t think excellence is a switch you can throw on at 3 p.m.: Hey, now it’s Shakespeare time, now we’re gonna be excellent! I want them to have a code of excellence in the way they approach their mathematics and their literature and the way they write and the way they speak in front of people, and the way they play baseball and travel on the road. It’s not a dog-and-pony show, it’s a way of life in Room 56.

If I were a young teacher at your school, and I said, “My God, I walked through the neighborhood to get here this morning, I’m looking at what’s around here, I’m looking at the way kids were out in the parking lot, how can I possibly do what you do?” How do you transform them? Why do your kids buy in?

RAFE ESQUITH: First of all, lesson one, you are the role model, and you have to be the person you want the children to be. I want my kids to work hard, so I’ve got to be the hardest worker they’ve ever seen. It’s not a question of preaching. I’m at that school at 6 in the morning, and right away, the kids go, “My God, this guy is really gonna work hard, so I have to work hard.” I don’t raise my voice to these kids, I don’t humiliate these children. I’m a tough teacher, but if I want them to be nice to each other, I better be the nicest guy they ever met. So rule number one, be the person you want the children to be.

Mel, I’ve heard you say that this is one of your favorite two or three projects of your career. That’s saying a lot. Why?

MEL STUART: Number one, it is the most cinéma vérité film I’ve ever made. Nothing was re-enacted. Everything was the only take. Rafe has that incredible quality which he’s shy to admit, he can talk and walk at the same time. In our business it’s very rare to find somebody who can go about doing what he’s doing and still talk to you. He’s doing his business, and the kids don’t care and the class goes on, and you have a tremendous sense of reality. I never had to ask Rafe a question twice, the right answer always came out of his mouth. It’s a very rare art, and Rafe has it. There were no re-takes.

How did you choose to shoot it with Rafe occasionally speaking directly to camera?

MEL STUART: No, he doesn’t talk to camera. He talks to me, and that’s a very important difference. I don’t want him to talk to the camera, because first of all, it’s a very hard thing to look at a camera and be yourself. Most of the time Rafe’s walking this way and that around the classroom, and he has a thought and just hits me with it. If he hit the camera with it, it would look false. It’s just the thoughts coming out of his head, but always on the nose.

And we mustn’t forget how important all the children are in this. There was a moment when I was interviewing the little boy who plays Hamlet, and I ask him, “What did you think of Huckleberry Finn? What kind of experience was that for you?” And he said, “Well, I thought the characters were interesting. They held a mirror up to nature.” A 10-year-old Mexican kid just used that as a phrase. It blew me away! That was just a wonderful moment for me.

A point you make even more in your book than in the documentary, Rafe, is the value of reading above all else. In teaching to change their lives, reading is something you find enormously important.

RAFE ESQUITH: We have a Wall of Fame in my classroom. We have all the former students up who are in college now. I tell the children, there are a lot of different kinds of kids up there. There are jocks and there are artists and there are wild kids and there are shy kids. But the one thing they all have in common is they all read for pleasure and they all read well.

One of the things that’s wrong with the schools today is that in throwing basal readers at the children, and getting them to take all their tests and everything — has anybody ever asked the children how they feel about the reading program? The kids hate it. They despise the reading program. The companies will say, “Oh, but test scores are going up.” Their goals have to do with fluency and speed. My goals have to do with pleasure and passion. There’s a scene in the film when the kids are reading Huck Finn, and they’re absolutely in tears as Huck has to decide between heaven and hell, whether or not he’s going to turn Jim in ….

That is very powerful. Ten-year-olds together in a school classroom coming to a point in the book, and they cannot control their emotions.

RAFE ESQUITH: That’s what reading is supposed to be. We just finished Tom Sawyer and kids were hysterically laughing as Tom hoodwinks his friends into whitewashing the fence. My class’s reading scores are so high because my kids love to read. They read all the time. And it’s not because I’m such a good teacher, but I put great books in front of them. We forget Mark Twain’s a great product. Children read him in the 1800s.

Most kids won’t get these books until years later, if at all. And these are not just fifth graders. Most of them are either Asian or Latino, and in their homes English is not the first language.

RAFE ESQUITH: There’s a key to that also. When they get thrown Steinbeck or Twain in the eighth or ninth grade, and are told, go home and read this, many children are going to home environments where it’s just not conducive for reading. That’s why we read these books together in the class. When people say to me, gosh Rafe, this takes a long time, I say well so what? I’m not in a hurry. When I say there are no shortcuts, that’s for teachers too. We can’t look for these simplistic solutions to complicated problems.

You titled your book There are No Shortcuts. You have it spelled out on a banner in the front of your classroom. Where did that phrase come from and what does it mean to you, to your kids, and to the larger American society?

RAFE ESQUITH: I’m a learner and I once took kids to the Hollywood Bowl to see the great cellist Lynn Harrell play, and Lynn loved my class so much he pulled his kids out of private school in Beverly Hills and put them at Hobart.

There’s an endorsement!

RAFE ESQUITH: It was pretty funny to have these two white kids at Hobart. One of them wound up at Vassar and one of them wound up at Princeton, and they’re still in touch with me all the time.

We went backstage to visit Lynn and a young cellist looked up at Lynn Harrell, who’s 6 foot 5, and the little kid said, “You know, I play the cello, Mr. Harrell, but it doesn’t sound like that, how do you do it?” And Lynn just looked down and said, “Well, there are no shortcuts.” I was in about my fifth or sixth year of teaching, and I said, “Boy, that encapsulates everything I’m trying to get across to these children.”

It’s almost like a small tribe who share a certain set of iconic rules.

RAFE ESQUITH: Being in Los Angeles and loving basketball, I always used to tell the children, there’s nothing magic about Magic Johnson. This talented man worked for hundreds of thousands of hours in lonely gyms when there weren’t people cheering him on to create that magic. There are no shortcuts.

You openly tell the children you want a better life for them than the one their school, their neighborhoods or even their families offer. On field trips you put them up at hotels and feed them at restaurants. “There’s a scene in the bus on the way back from Washington, when you address them about how they feel about going back to their normal lives. What’s your thinking behind all this? Do you get flak for it?

RAFE ESQUITH: I don’t get flak for it; as a matter of fact I’ve got 60 kids showing up at 6:30 in the morning.

I meant from other teachers or politically correct folk.

RAFE ESQUITH: Sure, I teach with 125 teachers. Most of them are incredibly nice to me, and eight or 10 believe I’m the anti-Christ. And that’s OK. The best teacher who ever lived was Socrates and they killed him.


RAFE ESQUITH: So if they’re not shooting at me sometimes I’m probably not doing anything right. I do want a better life for these kids and surely, to live in a neighborhood where you hear gunfire at night is not the best thing to envision in your future. There are other children in America who don’t have to go to bed with that. I’m just trying to level the playing field.

“The Hobart Shakespeareans” premieres on PBS Tuesday, Sept. 6. Check your local listings for times.

Interviewer Terrence McNally hosts Free Forum on KPFK 90.7FM, Los Angeles (streaming at, where he interviews people he believes can help create ‘a world that just might work.’

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The world prematurely accused of ignoring the vital goal of an AIDS vaccine

September 9th, 2005

The urgent need to fund the search for an AIDS vaccine at much greater expense than hitherto is being somehow overlooked, according to the UN Secretary General’s special envoy for HIV/AIDS in Africa speaking to scientists at the AIDS Vaccine International Conference in Montreal yesterday (Sept 8 Thu).

Stephen Lewis said he couldn’t explain this oversight, given the dire threat which looms over the planet.

Lewis said he can’t explain the lack of enthusiasm for the research in Canada and other developed nations.

“I don’t think the world yet realizes the carnage that is to come,” Lewis said. “I don’t think the world yet realizes the full, incomparable horror of AIDS, and its inexorable spread around the planet.”

(The full clip if you wish to read it is as follows)

Friday, September 9, 2005

Search for AIDS vaccine at risk due to lack of interest and funding: Lewis

Canadian Press

September 8, 2005

MONTREAL (CP) – The pursuit of a vaccination against AIDS is dying due to lack of funds and global commitment, according to the Canadian who is the United Nations point man on the fight against the deadly disease in Africa.

In a Tuesday evening speech to scientific researchers who are chasing a vaccine for AIDS, Stephen Lewis said the quest for a vaccine received $640 million US in funding in 2004, about half of the amount that should be dedicated to the research.

The UN Secretary General’s special envoy for HIV/AIDS in Africa pointed to recent high-level meetings on AIDS prevention where scant mention was made of the search for a vaccine.

“Your pursuit is in jeopardy,” Lewis said in prepared remarks to researchers at the AIDS Vaccine International Conference.

“Your collective voices must be heard on the funding dimensions of a vaccine. It can’t be left solely to activists. You’re the influential professionals. You should give no quarter. The world depends on it.”

Lewis was speaking at a conference organized by the Canadian Network for Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics – a network of researchers working on clinical trials for a vaccine for AIDS and SARS. The federal government last summer pulled $34 million in funding towards the clinical trials.

Seven vaccines developed by the Canadian researchers were ready for clinical trials next year, according to the organization.

Lewis said he can’t explain the lack of enthusiasm for the research in Canada and other developed nations.

“I don’t think the world yet realizes the carnage that is to come,” Lewis said. “I don’t think the world yet realizes the full, incomparable horror of AIDS, and its inexorable spread around the planet.”

Lewis urged the scientists to emerge from their laboratories to become champions for the cause.

“The world desperately needs your voices,” he said.

© The Canadian Press 2005

Perhaps Mr. Lewis would have felt better if he had attended the invitation-only meeting at the New York Academy of Sciences a couple of months ago.

Here the top names in the AIDS vaccine effort gathered with a few close and simpatico colleagues to talk about the ongoing scientific progress and the approximate date of expected success in this urgent endeavor.

The presentations by the renowned David Ho, the short but extremely charming hero of AIDS research into protease inhibitiors who found himself on Time’s cover in the late nineties for his pioneering of this supposedly effective anti-HIV regimen, and others of his ilk revealed the answers to these questions.

First, progress was nil. Secondly, it was unlikely to amount to anything in the foreseeable future ie at least a decade if not two. Thirdly, however, the vital importance of increasing the funding devoted to this line of work could not be overlooked.

Apparently boosted by the third or monetary factor and its prospect of success, and not the first two and the prediction of continual failure, the atmosphere of bonhomie generated during the meeting reached a climax in the gathering afterwards in an adjoining room, where drinks were served.

Certainly today it seems clear that their confidence is justified and anything to do with vaccines, even something as logically haywire as an AIDS vaccine, is likely to be well funded in the future. Vaccines are viewed as the profit wave of the future by the pharmaceutical companies, and they are being fully backed by the Western governments that are increasingly their partners in this global enterprise.

Only the other day (Sep 7) Glaxo announced it will buy a Canadian vaccine maker for $1.4 billion.

Hoping to become a major supplier of flu shots to the United States, GlaxoSmithKline said yesterday that it would pay $1.4 billion to acquire ID Biomedical, a Canadian vaccine maker.

The deal comes a week after Novartis offered $4.5 billion for the 58 percent of Chiron it does not already own, which would put Novartis in the vaccine business. So far, Chiron has rejected that offer as too low.

The takeover activity could reflect a change of perception among pharmaceutical companies, many of which have long regarded vaccines as an unattractive business.

“You’re seeing the big pharma companies recognizing the value of the vaccine business,” Anthony F. Holler, chief executive of ID Biomedical, said in an interview.

(Here is the full Times report:)

The New York Times

September 8, 2005

Glaxo to Acquire Canadian Vaccine Maker for $1.4 Billion


Hoping to become a major supplier of flu shots to the United States, GlaxoSmithKline said yesterday that it would pay $1.4 billion to acquire ID Biomedical, a Canadian vaccine maker.

The deal comes a week after Novartis offered $4.5 billion for the 58 percent of Chiron it does not already own, which would put Novartis in the vaccine business. So far, Chiron has rejected that offer as too low.

The takeover activity could reflect a change of perception among pharmaceutical companies, many of which have long regarded vaccines as an unattractive business.

“You’re seeing the big pharma companies recognizing the value of the vaccine business,” Anthony F. Holler, chief executive of ID Biomedical, said in an interview.

The flu vaccine business in particular seems to have become more attractive as shortages have lifted prices and concern has grown about a possible pandemic stemming from bird flu.

Last year the United States experienced a severe shortage of flu shots when Chiron’s factory in Liverpool, England, was shut down because of sanitary problems. Since Chiron was one of only two major suppliers, the shutdown deprived the United States of about half the expected supply of 100 million doses.

The supply outlook for this winter is still somewhat uncertain and will depend on how many doses Chiron can deliver.

In response to the shortage and federal efforts to recruit new suppliers, both GlaxoSmithKline and ID Biomedical had already been moving to enter the American market.

Glaxo, which already sells flu vaccine in dozens of countries, won United States approval last week but will sell only about eight million doses in this country this year because of capacity constraints at its factory in Dresden, Germany. Some of Glaxo’s vaccine was used on an emergency basis in this country last year.

ID Biomedical has been aiming for United States approval next year.

David Stout, president of pharmaceutical operations at Glaxo, said the acquisition “gives us immediate access to some capacity, state-of-the-art facilities, and product that is close to approval in the U.S.” He said owning the ID Biomedical factory would also allow Glaxo to produce bird flu vaccine, if necessary, for a possible pandemic.

Glaxo’s takeover of ID Biomedical would reduce the number of potential vaccine suppliers by one. The deal, however, and the possible acquisition of Chiron by Novartis, would put the American supply into the hands of financially stronger companies. The leading supplier of flu shots to the United States is Sanofi-Aventis.

Glaxo has said it planned to more than double the capacity at its German factory to 80 million doses by 2008. ID Biomedical, which now sells about 8 million doses a year to the Canadian government, is expanding capacity to about 70 million doses by 2007, with much of that output destined for the United States.

In an all-cash deal Glaxo has agreed to pay 35 Canadian dollars a share, or about $29.50. ID shares rose $3.46, to $29.46 yesterday.

The agreement does not preclude another company from making a higher offer, but Glaxo would have the right to match such an offer.

Biotech Monthly, an investment newsletter, said ID, which is based in Vancouver, was getting far less, relative to sales, than Novartis offered for Chiron. But Geoffrey C. Porges, an analyst at Sanford C. Bernstein & Company, disagreed, saying the relatively higher price offered for ID would pressure Novartis to raise its offer for Chiron.

* Copyright 2005 The New York Times Company

Then we have the plan announced yesterday by four European nations to raise $4 billion on the bond market to enable drug companies to vaccinate the world’s poor children.

The new funds would roughly double the resources of the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization, an umbrella group of countries, international organizations, vaccine industry representatives and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

(Here is the Times story by Celia Dugger:)

The New York Times

September 9, 2005

Billions for Vaccines for the Poor to Be Raised in Bond Markets


WASHINGTON, Sept. 8 – Britain, France, Spain, Italy and Sweden will announce an agreement on Friday to raise almost $4 billion on the bond markets for an enormously expanded use of vaccines across the developing world. The World Health Organization estimates this undertaking will save the lives of five million children over the next decade.

Commitments from some of the participating nations have been secured only in recent days.

The new funds would roughly double the resources of the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization, an umbrella group of countries, international organizations, vaccine industry representatives and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Over the past five years, the alliance has financed the immunization of 78 million children and prevented more than a million child deaths, the health organization estimates.

The alliance’s board has already approved ambitious programs for 2006 to expand measles coverage in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, as well as to help eradicate polio worldwide and increase the use of maternal and neonatal tetanus vaccines. These plans can go forward now that the new financing has been secured.

“We hope this pilot will demonstrate the feasibility and the power of this financing mechanism, and we look to gain more support from more countries,” said Paul Kissack, a spokesman for the British treasury.

The United States has declined to join the vaccine plan. Bush administration officials could not be reached for comment Thursday night, but said earlier this year that the long-term commitment to raise money through the bond market is not consistent with the annual appropriations process in Congress. The United States provides $60 million to $70 million a year to the alliance.

“We hope if this process is successful that the United States will reconsider its position,” said Dr. Julian Lob-Levyt, the vaccine alliance’s executive secretary.

British officials have said they hope the new resources will help the world reach the goal adopted unanimously five years ago at the United Nations to reduce child deaths by two-thirds by 2015. More than 170 government leaders will gather in New York next week to assess progress in meeting the antipoverty objectives they set in 2000.

The pact marks the first time rich nations have used pledges of increased aid to back government bonds as a means of financing a major development program. This so-called international finance facility is the brainchild of Gordon Brown, Britain’s chancellor of the exchequer.

Under the plan, income from the sale of the bonds would be provided to the global vaccine alliance to pay for vaccinations over a period of 10 years. The five participating nations would pay off the bonds over 20 years. The two largest donors are Britain, which has pledged to cover 35 percent of the cost, and France, which is covering a quarter.

The money will be used to purchase vaccines and bicycles to transport them, as well as to rehabilitate health clinics and pay health workers to do the immunizing in remote areas. Leaders of the alliance hope the vaccine plan will strengthen basic health services in poor countries, not just immunization efforts.

Yesterday, also, we had the front page story of the New York Times helpfully (for the cause of drumming up business for vaccines in general) telling us that it is for lack of a vaccine that a dreadful virus (Japanese encephalitis) is ravaging India’s poor, accompanied by a vivid picture of a wide eyed victim all skin and bones.

All were victims of the viral disease known as Japanese encephalitis, which causes high fever, aches, eventual coma and often death. It has struck this region with a particular fury this year, shining a harsh light on India’s inability to halt an entirely preventable disease that has killed or stunted some of its most vulnerable citizens for the last quarter-century – the young rural poor.

The director general of the state government’s health department said Wednesday that since July 1 the death toll had reached nearly 500, and those were only cases reported to government hospitals across the state. Reuters on Wednesday gave a figure of 600.

(Here is the full Times story by Somini Sengupta:)

The New York Times

September 8, 2005

Virus Ravaging India’s Poor Stirs Call for Counterattack


LUCKNOW, India, Sept. 7 – Government ministers descended on this storied North Indian state capital on Wednesday to kick off an ambitious rural health initiative. The city’s roads were freshly tarred, and banners hung along the main boulevard to welcome its chief guest: former President Bill Clinton.

But across town in a government hospital ward with paint peeling off its walls lay small children clinging to life. One, in her father’s arms, could barely swallow spoonfuls of milk. Another had been unconscious for 10 days. A third could not breathe on his own.

All were victims of the viral disease known as Japanese encephalitis, which causes high fever, aches, eventual coma and often death. It has struck this region with a particular fury this year, shining a harsh light on India’s inability to halt an entirely preventable disease that has killed or stunted some of its most vulnerable citizens for the last quarter-century – the young rural poor.

The director general of the state government’s health department said Wednesday that since July 1 the death toll had reached nearly 500, and those were only cases reported to government hospitals across the state. Reuters on Wednesday gave a figure of 600.

More than 1,500 suspected cases of Japanese encephalitis have been reported so far, according to the state.

And while the number of suspected cases is considerably higher than in past years – five times as high as the counts in the last few years at the King George Medical University hospital here, for instance – critics said that the rise should be no surprise to government health officials and that the misery inflicted could have been significantly reduced.

This year, only 200,000 of the 7 million children who needed to be immunized in high-risk areas of Uttar Pradesh were vaccinated, and other ways of preventing its spread – keeping pigs, which harbor the virus, at a safe distance from people, and spraying against mosquitoes, which ferry it to humans – were apparently inadequately pursued.

“There is gross apathy of the government,” said T. N. Dhole, a professor of microbiology at the Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences here, fresh from a tour of some of the most badly affected district hospitals. “You could have reduced mortality if you had done a little homework before.”

Even as the rural health initiative begins, the United Nations released its annual human development report on Wednesday, showing unsettling rates of infant mortality in this country.

For every 1,000 Indian children, 63 die, according to the report, a rate worse than neighboring and far poorer Bangladesh. Uttar Pradesh, India’s most populous province, is one of the four Indian states with the worst rates of infant mortality.

Over all, India spends less than 1 percent of its gross domestic product on public health; the government has pledged to increase that share.

The encephalitis virus grows in wading birds as well as pigs; children are often the mosquitoes’ main victims.

Approved vaccines are in short supply worldwide, though another vaccine, derived from the cells of hamster kidneys, is widely available but yet to be approved by the World Health Organization. India says it plans to conduct clinical test trials of that vaccine, but that will not happen in time to help the children who need it now.

In Uttar Pradesh, the central government health minister, Dr. Ambubani Ramadoss, said in an interview here on Wednesday that he would encourage state health officials to mount a more aggressive spraying operation. State health officials have said health department staff members and vehicles, which could have been deployed to spray high-risk areas and monitor Japanese encephalitis, were deployed for local election duty in July and August – the crucial mosquito-breeding months.

Pigs are reared primarily by the caste groups, mostly poor and landless, who make up an important source of votes for the state’s ruling party. “Some political problems,” is how the state’s director general of health and medicine, O. P. Singh, put it. “They will try to separate next year.”

He was cheerful about the challenge. Next year, he said, the government would procure additional vaccines. “We will get vaccinations,” he said. “We will do it.”

In Gorakhpur, the eastern Uttar Pradesh epicenter of the epidemic, not a single corner of the three encephalitis wards in the local government hospital was free of misery and stink. Children were hooked up to nasal feeding tubes and oxygen tanks, and distraught parents camped out on the floor. In most beds, two children had been squeezed in. Additional beds spilled out into the hallways. Medical personnel have poured in from outlying areas to help.

On Wednesday alone, 30 new patients were wheeled in.

Dr. Ramadoss said it was primarily the state government’s responsibility to stop the epidemic. Then he corrected himself. “It’s a collective responsibility but implementation is for the state,” he said. “The state government has to be more proactive.”

Dr. Ramadoss pointed out that India was now a destination for medical tourism, its private clinics drawing foreigners seeking medical treatment.

By the time children arrived at the hospital at King George Medical University, they were either unconscious or suffering from seizures, or had lost some of their motor skills. Parents said they had watched their children deteriorate as they went from village doctor to local hospital to here.

As a rule, rural hospitals in this country are in short supply of oxygen, medicine and qualified staff.

“If you caught a child early on and gave him supportive treatment, yes, you would save some children,” said Rashmi Kumar, a pediatrician at the hospital. Of the six children who were in one of the encephalitis wards, she found it hard to say how many would survive.

The one ray of hope was Brijesh, 6, who had stood on his own and, holding his father’s fingers, walked a few steps along the hospital floor.

He was running a fever of 102 when he was admitted a week ago. He had had two seizures that very day. Before the fever gripped him, his father, Matadin, said, he would sprint across the village at the sound of a television set. Today he could barely whisper into his father’s ears. “Let’s go home,” he said.

Soon enough, Brijesh will be able walk like a normal little boy. But, the doctors say, his cognitive abilities might never fully rebound.

Hari Kumar contributed reporting from Gorakhpur for this article.

* Copyright 2005 The New York Times Company

We are not here inclined to question that there is such a virus attack in India and that vaccines may help repel it, since the story gives specific symptoms, and numbers of victims, and generally enough medical facts to make sense and fit with standard medical principles. But nowadays we retain a certain wary tendency to examine such stories in detail for such factors before swallowing them whole.

The reason is our standing familiarity with the extreme professional gullibility of correspondents for the Times and other respected media outlets when they are officially informed by the medical-scientific fraternity of a new viral threat, most famously in the case of AIDS, and perhaps in the case of SARS, mad cow disease and other slightly suspect tales of the modern virus hunting mania.

“AIDS repeats its dreadful patterns across this continent.”

One perfect example of the media gullibility we have in mind in AIDS was the report last night carried by the BBC on Namibia. The correspondent was a tall, baby faced, dark haired young Englishman named Barnaby, who one must say seemed unsuitably rosy faced and well fed as he intoned his dread story of local kids orphaned by parents who have “died of AIDS”.

Handsome in khakis and a billowing blue shirt, the kind sold on Jermyn Street for more money that would feed the African children he is covering for a year, Barnaby introduces us to one of six or eight children from a family that has lost both parents to “AIDS”, and is now beset by the loss of status and social support that brings, according to a report that we assume is accurate in that respect, at least.

“Sometimes my brothers and sister cry,” says the child who can’t be more than ten or eleven, who has big brown eyes. “When they go without food at night they know something is wrong. It makes me so upset.” The camera lingers on his face as his big brown eyes turn up to the faces of his listeners and his mouth turns down in despair.

They cut to a picture of a couple of grass roofed huts while Barnaby continues, in the singsong tone of personal urgency seemingly patented by British news reporters, to tell us that “their uncle is trying to force them out to take their house. Other relatives have stolen their frming tools and animals.”

His tone turns ominous: “African society, resilent and compassionate, is cracking under the strain of this disease.”

“The good news is that fewer Namibians are catching HIV today than they were a few years ago. The bad news is that damage may have already been done and the numbers of deaths will continue to rise and rise in the years ahead so that by 2020, according to the UN, more one third of all Namibian children will be orphans.”

The image switches to a group of children sitting on the ground attended to by a woman in a red shirt, black skirt and headkerchief who feeds them what looks like blue corn mash in a bowl.

“At a nearby school a sad group of orphans are taken aside each day and given the extra food because there is none in their broken homes and without it they are two hungry to learn,. The women who cook are volunteers like Numborga who can’t bear to see a generation slipping away.

The camera lingers on the children’s face close up as they lick their fingers of the last vestiges of a portion before taking another, their big brown eyes frowning as the camera and presumably the visitors peer at them behind the bars of their social zoo.

Then we cut to the woman in the red shirt again walking straightbacked through a field of long golden grass with her bowl on her head. She is curtseyed to by an old woman who then shakes her hand with a triple grip in the manner one had assumed was invented in the US inner city.

“Walking in the afternoon Namborka takes more food to another destitute household. Marinconga is 75 years old. She should be resting in the last years of her life., Instead she is caring for ten grandchildren because most of her children are dead. She says she has sleepless nights worrying about the future, and what will happen to Mateus who is eight, or Tengi who is six, or to any of them when their grandmother goes. “

All the while the camera is lingering on the big brown eyes of the children looking glum and trapped by the predicament into which they have been plunged, socially and mentally, though one gets the impression they have not made much sense out of any of it yet. (One can sympathize – they have lost their parents to a disease which is labeled AIDS and therefore presumably is not effectively treated if treated at all, and now they are threatened with loss of all possessions and all care except charity, while simultaneously being placed on the world stage via BBC World News.)

Then the windup. Barnaby Phillips, reaching for his starkest, most sombre tone, recites his windup line with the declamatory intonation of a poet and a Cassandra: “AIDS repeats its dreadful patterns across this continent.”

But then in the twinkle of an eye he returns to the upbeat, non committal tone of a professionally objective reporter ready for his next assignment as he signs off. “Barnaby Phillips, BBC News, Northern Namibia.”

(BBC World News Broadcast of Tue Sep 13, carried on Channel 21, WLIW, New York City )

Since the mainstream scientific AIDS literature as we have shown in the last few posts shows that the fantasy of heterosexual AIDS on which this story rests is scientifically, socially and sexually impossible, one wonders exactly what the diseases are in Namibia that might singly or together be responsible for the deaths of the parents of these Namibian orphans, and whether the national death rate shows any sign of change in the last decade, or has remained more or less constant as it has in South Africa, where “AIDS” is supposedly rampant.

In other words, the first place we would look would be the total of Namibian orphans over the last years. Have they multiplied or not? And if so, what diseases would that reflect, if “AIDS” was erased from the picture as spurious, as the mainstream AIDS literature shows it must be?

Even if one can’t blame the professionally gullible Barnaby for simply following the mainstream line as far as his young human exhibits go in the story of Namibian AIDS, as it is being scripted by the ever resourceful statisticians at the UN, can one perhaps blame his editors, or at least whomever the BBC has on staff or as a consultant advising them on medical matters, for not developing a more judicious view of Africa that the constant reiteration of this picture of the continent as a medical basket case blamed on “AIDS”?

That is, assuming that the BBC has medical or scientific advisors of some kind. On the basis of this kind of fairy tale, one wonders. If they do, then clearly they are not up on their research. The whole issue and debate about the viability of the global AIDS epidemic as founded on heterosexual transmission is no secret. It has been reported in Nature Medicine (Vol 10 Number 5 May 2004) and even in the popular press (Discover Magazine Vol 24 No. 06 1 June 2003).

Perhaps they were misled by the patently absurd efforts of the man who discovered the difficulty, Pennsylvania based consultant David Gisselquist, to blame it all on dirty needles used in the African health care system, which the UN in the Lancet and angry African medical authorities have dismissed as rubbish.

With both sides in that dispute calling each other racist, it is high time for cooler heads to admit that it is the heterosexual AIDS pandemic in Africa and everywhere else that is rubbish, as the heterosexual transmission rate of 1 in 1000 that everyone agrees on shows without the need for further analysis (see earlier posts).

But of course, at this stage that would be like the Jesuits questioning the existence of God – too clever by half.

Air conditioning for igloos

And as to the potential efficacy of an AIDS vaccine, we wonder when that will be questioned by the mainstream, since the very concept, as we have pointed out in previous posts, makes no sense at all. Vaccines are designed to prime the human body with antibodies, or rev up the tendency to create antibodies rapidly, to the agent they are designed to thwart.

Yet those counted as “AIDS” patients are precisely those who test positive for HIV antibodies, not the virus, which is mostly untraceable even in those with declining immune systems unless you use a very special method called PCR (polymerase chain reaction) which can infinitely multiply the few residual molecules present.

In other words, the vaccine hunters, anxious to help “AIDS patients” fight off HIV, are trying in sophisticated ways to develop some way of vaccinating them to create HIV antibodies, when all the patients harbor in their blood is HIV antibodies, and quite enough of them.

This is rather like trying to work out how to get a shipload of ice through to the North Pole.

Small wonder that every year or two we hear of investor hopes being dashed as one vaccine initiative after another proves a cul-de-sac.

One has to question if the brains of all those involved in this absurd initiative have stopped working altogether. After all, supposing one did succeed in developing a vaccine that provoked the human body to produce antibodies to HIV. This is only what HIV itself would do if injected into the body, so why not do it directly? Just inject people with HIV. This would ensure that after six weeks they would have a plentiful supply of antibodies and a virtually untraceable residue of HIV (the scientific literature shows that there would be one active HIV per 10,000 human T cells, the immune system cells it supposedly destroys in some manner than has not yet been discovered even after two decades).

Well, one might answer, that negligible amount of HIV is the deadly agent that one must avoid at all costs, so an artificial method of creating the antibodies to it would be preferable.

Fine. But one would still end up with patients all of whom would “test positive for HIV”, since the HIV tests of both kinds are for the presence of antibodies, not the HIV itself.

If the vaccine was applied throughout the US, the entire population would test positive for HIV. And according to the Alice in Wonderland logic of AIDS as currently purveyed by the authorities, that would make them all candidates for medication with the current regimen of antiviral pills.

Since as has been pointed out in previous posts, this regimen brings with it the unpleasant side effects of large lumps and fatty humps, general debilitation, kidney and liver damage and in the end death, contrary to the fantasy of the uninformed that it enables patients to “live normal lives”, this would seem to be contraindicated for future public policy.

So the expensive efforts of the AIDS vaccine brigade will be by definition useless even if they succeed.

Such is the conclusion of any logical analysis of the situation. But as so often in the Lewis Carroll school of science and medicine that promulgates AIDS, logic is not the point.

That is why we confidently expect that the AIDS vaccine effort will be lavishly funded through the next two decades, just as the drinks party at the New York Academy of Sciences celebrated.

Duesberg smashes through on the Western front

August 5th, 2005

One of the most remarkable comebacks in science is happening as you read this blog. Peter Duesberg is winning on his Western front—cancer—the world war he had all but lost in the East—AIDS.

Stymied for twenty years in trying to overturn the Soviet-style dictatorship of the promoters of HIV/AIDS, Duesberg has also been blockaded for even longer in trying to overturn the richly funded and currently still fashionable theory of mutation in “oncogenes” as the cause of cancer.

Thirty years ago, having been responsible himself for kickstarting the paradigm by discovering the first and only proven example of an oncogene in a chicken virus, Duesberg then demonstrated his utter political impracticality (ie integrity, public spiritedness and vocational idealism) by soon renouncing the whole idea of oncogenes in humans—that individual human genes are linked to specific cancers eg prostate or breast. In fact, the first article he wrote which eviscerated the theory of HIV causing AIDS (in Cancer Research in 1987) only did it as an afterthought. The paper was in fact largely aimed at the other hollow paradigm, which also proved too entrenched to dislocate. Nobel prizes which would have gone to Duesberg were awarded to inferior scientists who toed the line.

Now, however, Duesberg is finally proving victorious on this Western front, where he can be said to be overrunning Europe and soon the world, since his new (though once mainstream) theory of where to look for the cause of cancer—in aneuploidy, the phenomenon common to cancer cells before they are cancerous, where they prove to have abnormal numbers of chromosomes, up to twice as many as a normal cell, in fact. Duesberg is attracting followers galore among the best of his opponents, who are already trying to steal his thunder and play down his contribution. They are also trying to keep their cake while it is being eaten up, of course, by suggesting that both oncogenes and aneuploidy are involved in cancer, Like cancer, oncogene theory is not going to die easily.

Upcoming reviews of Bialy book

All this is explained with hyperlucidity in Harvey Bialy’s powerful sleeper of a book, Oncogenes, Aneuploidy and AIDS: The Life and Scientific Times of Peter H. Duesberg, which we have mentioned previously as the equivalent of a Stealth Bomber attack on the HIV and oncogene paradigms. Published last summer, it is being read by the scientific cognoscenti in ever widening circles but as yet has not reached the tipping point, it appears. But two powerfully supportive reviews are about to appear, adding to the review in Nature/Biotechnology last year in which the Australian independent-minded scientist and consultant George Miklos endorsed it as fully describing why both the HIV/AIDS and the oncogene paradigms have proved sterile as scientific explanations.

The two reviews, both of them scientifically well informed, will appear in the Journal of Scientific Exploration online, one of the more cogent and scientifically informed platforms for political dissent in science on the Web. They make the situation very clear, by quoting key points from the Bialy book, and we will give them a post to themselves following this one.

Tom Bethell tells non-scientists why aneuploidy is the new path to cancer’s mysteries, and oncogenes are not

Such reviews which boil down and clarify in stark outline the problems in AIDS, cancer and science in general that Bialy’s book exposes are what is needed. For the one problem with Bialy’s brilliant book is its paradoxical virtue, namely that it is too precisely and concisely expressed in scientific terms to be easily understood by the lay public, even though it is also full of telling scientific and social anecdote. Now, however, a very accessible account of what is involved on the oncogene side has been written by the essayist Tom Bethell in the Spectator.

If you come from outside science this will tell you all you need to know about what “aneuploidy” is, and why after years in the wilderness Duesberg is showing every sign of being given a seat anew at the High Table in science.


Challenging Conventional Wisdom

Is cancer caused by gene mutations?

Tom Bethell


Challenging Conventional Wisdom

Is cancer caused by gene mutations?

Tom Bethell

SCIENTISTS THESE DAYS TEND TO BELIEVE that almost any trait can be attributed to a gene. The gene obsession, showing up in science journals and on the front page of the New York Times, culminated in the Human Genome Project. The human genome was sequenced, then that of the fruit fly, the mouse, the chimpanzee, the roundworm, yeast, and rice. Computers cranked out their mindless data. It has been a bonanza for techies and the computer industry but the medical benefits have remained elusive.

Now they are talking about a Cancer Genome Project. It would determine the DNA sequence in 12,500 tumor samples and is supposed to reveal cancer causing mutations by comparing the order of the letters of the genetic code in tumor cells with sequences in healthy tissue. But there is no single cancer genome, and the project will not improve our understanding of cancer.

Cancer has proved resistant to every “breakthrough” and treatment hype, and the new approach will only sustain the error that has dominated cancer research for 30 years. Since the mid-1970s, leading researchers have doggedly pursued the fixed idea that cancer is caused by gene mutations. I believe it will prove to have been one of the great medical errors of the 20th century.

WHERE TO BEGIN? One place is a story in the Washington Post, a few months back, headlined “Genetic Test Is Predictor of Breast Cancer Relapse.” The test “marks one of the first tangible benefits of the massive effort to harness genetics to fight cancer,” Rob Stein wrote. No real benefits yet? I think that is correct. Two well-publicized genes supposedly predispose women for breast cancer, but in over 90 percent of cases these genes have shown no defect.

Genes that (allegedly) cause cancer when they are mutated are called oncogenes. They were reported in 1976 by J. Michael Bishop and Harold Varmus, who were rewarded with the Nobel Prize. Varmus became director of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) under President Clinton; Bishop, chancellor of the University of California in San Francisco, one of the largest medical-research institutions in the country. The two scientists had “discovered a collection of normal genes that can cause cancer when they go awry, Gina Kolata later reported in the New York Times. About 40 such genes had been discovered. Normally harmless, “they would spring into action and cause cancer if they were twitched by carcinogens.” When mutated, in other words. This was “a new era in research.”

The following week, on October 20, 1989, Science magazine also reported the award. The article claimed: “…the work of the Bishop-Varmus group has had a major impact on efforts to understand the genetic basis of cancer. Since their 1976 discovery, researchers have identified nearly 50 cellular genes with the potential of becoming oncogenes.” Their work was “already paying off clinically.”

And so it went. Researchers began to find more and more of these oncogenes; then “tumor suppressor genes” were added. Now, in the Washington Post article, we read that “researchers sifted through 250 genes that had been identified as playing a role in breast cancer.”

So, up to 250 genes are “playing a role.” The Sanger Institute, which was also involved in the human genome project, claimed recently that “currently more than one percent of all human genes are cancer genes.” The latest figure is 25,000 genes in total for humans, so that is surely where the 250 “cancer genes” came from.

At the beginning, the oncogene theory posited that a single gene, when mutated, turned a normal cell into a cancer cell. We have gone from 1 to 250, the latter “playing a role.” This “multiplication of entities” — genes — is the hallmark of a theory that is not working. It’s what philosophers call a “deteriorating paradigm.” The theory gets more and more complex to account for its lack of success. The number of oncogenes keeps going up, even as the total number of genes goes down. Six years ago some thought humans had 150,000 genes in all. Now it’s one-sixth that number. How long before they find that all the genes “play a role” in cancer?

IT ALWAYS WAS UNLIKELY that a single mutated gene would turn a cell into a cancer cell. Mutations occur at a predictable rate in the body. As the cells of the body number perhaps trillions we would all have cancer if a single hit was sufficient. Then came the “multiple hit” theory. Three or four, maybe six or seven genes would all have to mutate in the same cell during its lifetime. Then, bingo, your unlucky number had come up. That cell became a cancer cell. When it divided it just kept on and on dividing.

Meanwhile, the underlying theory never changed. The research establishment remains in thrall to the idea that cancer is caused by gene mutations. It was and is unable to lay its hands on the genes responsible, but it believes they are in there somewhere.

There are several problems with the theory, but the most basic is this. Researchers have never been able to show that a mutated gene, taken from a cancer cell, will transform normal cells in the petri dish. They are unable to show that the allegedly guilty party is capable of committing the crime. They can transport these mutated genes into test cells. And the supposed deadly genes are integrated into the cell’s DNA. But those cells do not turn into cancer cells, and if injected into experimental animals, they don’t cause tumors. That’s when the experts said, well, there must be four or five genes all acting at once in the cell. But they have never been able to say which ones, nor show that in any combination they do the foul deed.

There is even a genetically engineered strain of mice called OncoMouse. They have some of these oncogenes in every cell of their small bodies. You would have thought they would die of cancer immediately. But they leave the womb, gobble up food, and live long enough to reproduce and pass on their deadly genes to the next generation.

I have a suggestion for Gina Kolata, who still works on these issues for the New York Times. Why not try asking Varmus or Bishop exactly which genes, either individually or in combination, cause cancer in humans or anything else? I tried calling Bishop at UCSF a few months back but couldn’t get through. He will respond to the New York Times, surely. But maybe not with a straight answer.

The desire to start over with a “cancer genome project” tells you they know they are not even at first base. Dr. Harold Varmus, now president of the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York, told the Times in March that the new project could completely change how we approach cancer.

Completely change? Maybe we do need a complete change. What about his decades-old Nobel work? Was that a waste? In a way I think it was worse than that, because when an erroneous theory is rewarded with the top prize in science, abandoning that theory is difficult. The backtracking required is an embarrassment to all.

JOURNALISM PLAYS A CRUCIAL ROLE. Especially in the field of medical science, there is a big problem. It exists at all major newspapers and I don’t mean to single out the New York Times. Science journalists don’t see themselves as qualified to challenge the experts. If a reporter were to do so, quoting nonapproved scientists, top-echelon NIH officials would surely complain to editors, and the reporter would be reassigned. The nation’s health would be said to be endangered.

All this contrasts with the far greater freedom that journalists enjoy in the political arena, including defense and foreign policy. About 35 years ago, leading newspaper editors decided to chart their own course and form their own judgments. The context was the Vietnam War, more specifically the Pentagon Papers. A big report critical of U.S. policy was leaked to the press, and the Nixon administration went to great pains to suppress it. National security was invoked, judicial restraining orders were issued, but eventually the “public’s right to know” trumped “national security.” The material was published.

That was the background from which Woodward and Bernstein and the Watergate investigation emerged a year later. And we were the better off for it. The real danger, then and now, was that of unchecked government power. And we are seeing that exercised in the realm of medical science, where we do not have a press that dares to think independently.

HOW DID THE IDEA TAKE ROOT that gene mutations cause cancer? Well, in the 1920s researchers bombarded fruit flies with X-rays and mutant flies resulted. Humans exposed to large X-ray doses a hundred years ago proved to be at high risk for skin cancer and leukemia. It was convincingly shown that X-rays produced both mutations and cancers.

Working at the NIH in the 1960s, the biochemist Bruce Ames used bacteria to detect the mutagenic properties of various substances. Some carcinogens proved to be mutagenic, hence the gene-mutation theory of cancer. Robert A. Weinberg, who directs a cancer research lab at MIT, says that by the 1970s he and others had come to believe that “Ames was preaching a great and simple lesson” about carcinogens: “Carcinogens are mutagens.”

Some are, but some of the best known are not. Neither asbestos nor coal tar, found in cigarettes, are mutagenic. They are carcinogens but they don’t affect the DNA — the genes. But there was one more crucial discovery still to be made. Or rather, rediscovery.

Robert Weinberg later claimed that a mutation in a single gene indeed had transformed a cell in vitro. But it turned out that the cell-line, one that had been provided by the NIH, was already “immortal,” or cancerous. It did not have the right number of chromosomes.

Normal cells have 46 chromosomes — 23 each from mother and father. Such cells are “diploid,” because their complement of chromosomes is doubled.

In case you never took biology, genes are segments of DNA strung along the chromosomes. The largest chromosomes, such as Chromosome 1 or 2, include several thousand genes each. Sometimes babies are born with one extra copy of the smallest chromosome, and because it is in the germ line this defect is in every cell of the body. Such babies have Down syndrome. Having an extra chromosome is serious business.

Here is the key point: cancer cells do not have the correct complement of chromosomes. Their “ploidy” is not good, so they are said to be aneuploid. Cancer cells are aneuploid. This defect arises not in the germ line, but in the grown body. Cells divide in the course of life, by a process called mitosis, and sometimes there is an error in the division. The chromosomes do not “segregate” properly (do not end up equally in the two daughter cells) and an extra chromosome may be hauled off into one of the new cells. Such over-burdened cells will usually die, but sometimes the error repeats and magnifies and increases. The cell just keeps on dividing, its control mechanisms overridden by the abundance of extra DNA in the cell. A tumor forms in that part of the body, and that is cancer. Some cancer cells may have as many as 80 chromosomes instead of 46. They may actually have double the right number of genes.

The aneuploid character of cancer cells is the first thing that Theodor Boveri and others noticed when they began to look at cancer under the microscope, 100 years ago. Leaving unresolved the question of what causes aneuploidy, early researchers thought that this was surely the genetic cause of cancer. Mutation didn’t enter into it. But gradually the early research was buried. In the last generation, textbooks on the cell and even textbooks on cancer have failed to mention aneuploidy or its bizarre chromosomal combinations. Weinberg wrote two books on cancer without mentioning aneuploidy. Overlooking what was plainly visible in the microscope, researchers worked for years with those defective, immortalized cell lines, assuming that their extra chromosomes were unimportant.

An analogy suggests the magnitude of the error. Cells today are compared to factories, so let’s think of an automobile plant. A cancer cell is the equivalent of a monster car with (let’s say) five wheels, two engines, and no brakes. Start it running and you can’t stop the damned thing. It’s hazardous to the community. The CEO wants to know what’s gone wrong so he sends underlings into the factory. There they find that instead of the anticipated 46 assembly lines, there are as many as 80. At the end of the process this weird machine gets bolted together and ploughs its way out the factory door.

But today’s gene mutation theorist is someone who says: “That’s not it. The extra assembly lines are irrelevant. What is happening is that three or four of the tens of thousands of workers along the assembly lines are not working right!” In the analogy, genes along the chromosomes correspond to workers along the assembly lines.

Any CEO would fire the lunatic who thought a few errant workers, and not the bizarre factory layout, had caused the mayhem. But in the realm of cancer research, those who do say that are rewarded with fat grants, top posts, and awards. That’s a measure of what has happened to cancer research.

I HAVE LEFT THE MOST DRAMATIC PART to the end. The man who rediscovered the old work on chromosomes and cancer and has drawn attention to it ever since, supported by investigations of his own, is none other than Peter Duesberg of U.C. Berkeley. He was already in the dog house at NIH for saying that AIDS is not an infectious disease and that HIV is harmless. All his grants were cut off in retribution. But as a member of the National Academy of Sciences he could still publish in respectable journals. So for the last seven years he has been drawing attention to the cancer matter. The NIH is pursuing the wrong theory, he says. Talk about persona non grata! No more grants for him! (And he has not received any.)

A researcher at the University of Washington who became controversial at NIH in an unrelated field warned Duesberg that “in the present system of NIH grants, there is no way to succeed.” No matter how much they prate in public about thinking outside the box and rewarding “high-risk” proposals, “the reviewers are the same and their self-interest is the same.” In the cancer field, grant proposals are reviewed by, and won by, proponents of the gene mutation theory.

Wayt Gibbs published a good article about Duesberg’s cancer findings in the Scientific American (July 2003). And this response is beginning to emerge in journals like Science: Er, well, there’s nothing new here … We have always known that aneuploidy is important in cancer. (Yes, but it was forgotten and then buried beneath the paper mountains of new research.) There is a quiet search for a “political” compromise: Can’t we say that both gene mutation and aneuploidy “play a role” in the genetics of cancer?

A leading cancer researcher, Bert Vogelstein of Johns Hopkins, told me some time back that “at least 90 percent of human cancers are aneuploid.” More recently, his lab reported that aneuploidy “is consistently shown in virtually all cancers.” A few years ago, Varmus from Sloan-Kettering did answer my e-mail query, writing: “Aneuploidy, and other manifestations of chromosomal instability are major manifestations of many cancers and many labs have been working on them.” But, he added: “Any role they play will not diminish the crucial roles of mutant protooncogenes and tumor suppressor genes.”

But why not? Maybe aneuploidy is sufficient.

At the end of May, Duesberg was invited to speak at NIH. His topic: “Aneuploidy and Cancer: From Correlation to Causation.” About 100 people showed up at Building 10. The Genetics branch of the National Cancer Institute (NCI) is interested in aneuploidy, and well aware of the political sensitivities. But I am told that the director of the NCI Andrew von Eschenbach, a political appointee, is not particularly interested in aneuploidy. He should be, though, because he is a cancer survivor himself and in speeches calls for “eliminating the suffering and death from cancer by 2015.”

Duesberg challenged the audience to prove him wrong. He is looking for diploid cancer: a solid tumor with the correct complement of chromosomes. He is not much interested in the compromise solutions — “a bit of both theories.” Prove me wrong, he says. A woman in the audience did suggest cases of tumors that looked diploid, but Duesberg knew the literature here and immediately referred her to a more recent study showing that these tumors, on closer microscopic inspection, proved to be aneuploid.

Maybe in the end he will show that in order to achieve a real breakthrough, it’s important not to be funded by the NIH. If so, we will all have learned a very expensive lesson.

Tom Bethell is a senior editor of The American Spectator.


Who can be blamed?

If all this Duesbergian science proves out, and in both AIDS and cancer it is enshrined in the highest peer reviewed scientific literature, those responsible for misleading the world for so long on AIDS will not only have the shattered lives and eventual deaths of millions on their hands, deaths which include hundreds among the flower of art and culture in the US as well as millions of trusting innocents in the rest of the world, but also the responsibility of stalling the work on cancer of a scientist who is among the very best in the world.

In other words, to put it bluntly, the Bob Club and their fellow travelers among scientists, journalists, politicians and bureaucrats may well have blocked the discovery of a preventive for cancer in the last eighteen years. They not only crippled the work of Duesberg by vetoing his access to public funds (an interference which continues to date, and which was alleviated only by the intervention of private patrons such as Robert Leppo of San Francisco) but they diverted vast amounts of attention, personnel and public money to a scientific chimera.

Did they do this knowingly? This is the $64,000 question in science. There are many arguments to suggest that such self-interested opposition to enlightenment is unconscious, because it is self-deceptive and driven by all kinds of supportive emotions—envy, greed, fear and loathing—which are unseen devils in the subconscious of us all.

What makes it hard to accept that the right hand did not know what the left hand was up to is the degree of intelligence of most of the Club members. None of them have the fleet lightfootedness of Duesberg’s penetrating wit, which grasps the finer points so rapidly that while waiting for his lumbering opponents to catch up in debate, part of the brain is left idling and unfortunately liable to concoct a wickedly amusing phrase at their expense.

But Robert Gallo, Anthony Fauci and David Baltimore are no dummies, as their highly successful career moves show. At some point in the last twenty years, even these Ptolemaic apologists must have finally appreciated the mountainous size of the anomalies in the HIV/AIDS paradigm they have tried to explain away, and the complete absence of explanation or preventive that their theory has led to.

Or cure. Do they really think that the HAART regime counts as a cure, and renders the criticism null and void? According to Duesberg’s 2003 Journal of Biosciences wrap up, the scientific literature states that whatever temporary improvement may be felt or imagined by patients, it does not prevent eventual death, which it hastens fourfold.

But of course, in science as in life those committed to a viewpoint rarely read opposing arguments without prejudice, if they read them at all.

The CFR lets Laurie Garrett loose on AIDS and global security

July 18th, 2005

Last evening (Jul 18 Mon) the Council of Foreign Relations held a jam packed briefing on its new cause for alarm over global AIDS, which is the impact it will supposedly have on US and global security.

A theme kicked off by President Bill Clinton as he was about to leave office, and heartily taken up by Richard Holbrooke, his Ambassador to the United Nations, the security angle on reasons to worry about Global AIDS has been developed for five years now. Holbrooke pushed through a resolution at the UN in July, 2000 calling on member states to teach AIDS prevention, testing, and treatment strategies to UN and national uniformed personnel.

How much has been achieved in this respect in the five years since is the topic of a UN report issued yesterday, On The Frontlines. The UN has set an example by encouraging the 65,000 military personnel stationed with UN operations to undergo voluntary HIV screening, as well as educating them about HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases, and equipping them with a plastic I.D. HIV/AIDS Awareness Card for Peacekeeping Operations, and five or six condoms weekly during foreign deployment.

However, Peter Piot, the director of the United Nations AIDS program,. UNAIDS, admitted that there was a lot more to do to get the UN peacekeepers under control. According to Larry Altman at the Times in U.N. Cites Lag in Educating Peacekeepers About AIDS today

many among the 105 countries that provide uniformed troops to the peacekeeping missions still have a long way to go to meet the Security Council’s goal for education and prevention programs, the officials said. The missions involve more than 66,000 frequently rotated uniformed personnel and more than 13,000 international and national civilians serving in 17 peacekeeping and related field operations.”AIDS is still not part of the core military business everywhere,” Dr. Peter Piot, the director of the United Nations AIDS program, said in providing the Security Council with a progress report.

According to Holbrooke,

some “United Nations peacekeepers were bringing AIDS to regions and some were bringing it home with them, as the Finns found out in Namibia.” Similar transmissions “happened all over Africa and in Cambodia,” he said.

And according to Piot,

More than 94 percent of those surveyed said that they knew H.I.V. could be transmitted through unprotected sex and exposure to contaminated blood, and 87 percent had received AIDS awareness training. But less than 2 percent said they had been briefed about AIDS by their commanding officers.

The full Times piece is as follows if you want to read it:

The New York Times

July 19, 2005

U.N. Cites Lag in Educating Peacekeepers About AIDS


UNITED NATIONS, July 18 – United Nations officials said Monday that despite progress in fulfilling a mandate five years ago to better educate peacekeeping forces about AIDS, they had not fully met their goal.

The effort began in 2000, amid concern that peacekeepers could be helping to spread H.I.V. in countries they were assigned to or after coming back home. The United Nations Security Council declared AIDS a threat to the political and economic stability of many countries and mandated inclusion of H.I.V. prevention programs in peacekeeping missions. The officials said they had introduced AIDS education and training programs in all peacekeeping missions and were offering H.I.V. tests, promoting use of condoms, and distributing information kits to troops.

But many among the 105 countries that provide uniformed troops to the peacekeeping missions still have a long way to go to meet the Security Council’s goal for education and prevention programs, the officials said. The missions involve more than 66,000 frequently rotated uniformed personnel and more than 13,000 international and national civilians serving in 17 peacekeeping and related field operations.”AIDS is still not part of the core military business everywhere,” Dr. Peter Piot, the director of the United Nations AIDS program, said in providing the Security Council with a progress report.

Most United Nations peacekeeping efforts depend on troops from low- or middle-income countries. Though the number of peacekeepers is tiny compared with the hundreds of millions of people at risk of becoming infected with H.I.V., the virus that causes AIDS, many of those countries are in sub-Saharan Africa, with the world’s highest rates of H.I.V. infection.

One hope is that peacekeepers will further contribute to H.I.V. prevention efforts by sharing information with the local population.

Richard C. Holbrooke, a former United States ambassador to the United Nations, who is regarded as the father of the resolution the Security Council passed in 2000, said Monday that at the time some “United Nations peacekeepers were bringing AIDS to regions and some were bringing it home with them, as the Finns found out in Namibia.” Similar transmissions “happened all over Africa and in Cambodia,” he said.

The resolution was also a response to reports of sexual abuse and exploitation in peacekeeping areas.

Jean-Marie Guéhenno, the United Nations under secretary general for peacekeeping operations, said that the resolution “turns out to have provided the jolt that we desperately needed” to make AIDS a priority issue for his office.

Wars and the unsettling conditions after their settlement create conditions that increase the risk of H.I.V. transmission. Factors making troops and people in the war zones more vulnerable to H.I.V. include the youth of the troops who are separated from their families and who are often economically better off than those in countries they are serving. Also, troops often do not use condoms in having sex with multiple partners in war zones.

Dr. Piot and Mr. Guéhenno said the lack of reliable data on the number of troops who were H.I.V.-infected in 2000 made it difficult to determine the effectiveness of efforts since then. Many governments keep such information “a military secret,” Dr. Piot said.

Initial analysis of a scientifically controlled survey of 660 uniformed peacekeepers of all ranks serving in Liberia and conducted in May and June by the United Nations and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention produced mixed findings.

More than 94 percent of those surveyed said that they knew H.I.V. could be transmitted through unprotected sex and exposure to contaminated blood, and 87 percent had received AIDS awareness training. But less than 2 percent said they had been briefed about AIDS by their commanding officers.

In India, where recruits must be uninfected before joining the military, AIDS has become the fifth leading medical reason for dismissal from the army and the second most common cause of death in the navy, Dr. Piot said.

He concluded that the best strategy to control H.I.V.’s threat to national security was to bring the epidemic under control.

Toward that goal, the Council on Foreign Relations recommended in a separate report that health officials use a technique known as molecular epidemiology to verify or refute claims that so-called rogue states and groups have deliberately spread H.I.V.

Another council recommendation was that “hard hit, impoverished nations should take steps to preserve their trained elites, within both military and civilian sectors,” by providing them with life-extending anti-retroviral drugs. But the report cautioned that providing such drugs only to the elite could prove demoralizing, even destabilizing, to the general population.

As these comments reveal, the premise running through the minds of the elite and their advisers in dealing with global AIDS is that HIV is the cause of AIDS, and that it is readily transmitted through sex, both assumptions repeatedly contradicted in the best (most thoroughly peer reviewed) scientific literature, not to mention the evidence of the news for the past two decades, which has so far recorded no evidence of any spread of AIDS in the heterosexual population of Europe and America.

However, it appears that scientific literature is written in a language foreign to those who advise the UN and the Council, advisors who include the well known science journalist who prepared the report presented last night at the Council of Foreign Relations, namely Laurie Garrett.

For yesterday as the UN held a session marking the fifth aniversary of that resolution 1308, the first ever on a health issue, the Council released its own report, “HIV and National Security: Where Are the Links?” aimed at providing fresh insight into this new reason to take global AIDS seriously.

The live Council briefing on the report mainly featured Holbrooke, a tall man who now who is Vice-Chairman of Perseus LLC, and CEO of the Global Business Coalition on HIV/AIDS, and the multi-prize winning Laurie Garrett, the tireless, curly haired one-time Newsday reporter who has transformed herself into a veritable national institute for detecting threats to global health, her best sellers on the topic (The Coming Plague: Newly Emerging Diseases in a World Out of Balance ((Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1994) and Betrayal of Trust: The Collapse of Global Public Health (Hyperion, 2000)) helping her win all three of the most prestigious awards in journalism, namely a Peabody, two Polks and a Pulitzer.

Garrett, who is at present a fellow at the Council and wrote the report, was revealed by her first book, The Coming Plague to be less than thoughtful about her topic, which judging by her perfunctory, rat-a-tat style she evidently covered by simply accepting everything the established authorities in a field told her and pasting the snippets together more or less in sequence by date. In other words, she was an unusually energetic but entirely typical uncritical reporter of the conventional wisdom, and was subsequently rewarded by prize committees accordingly.

One page in the book in particular indicated she had no understanding of the scientific literature which resoundingly rejected HIV as the cause of AIDS, in peer-reviewed papers in leading journals in which peer-reviewed refutations have never been attempted. In fact, it seems clear she had never read this literature with any attention, a state of grace she was evidently in in 1989 when we briefly met her in the Press Room at the 1989 AIDS Conference in Montreal and mentioned Peter Duesberg, the leading HIV-AIDS reviewer, who had just recently published in the Proceedings of the National Academy a comprehensive, 200 footnote article rejecting the new paradigm totally. Garrett proved incapable of dicussing the paper although she said she was certain Duesberg was wrong.

In the book, p 383, she dealt with Duesberg as follows:

Sir Fred Hoyle and Chandra Wickramasinghe, British astronomers, anounced in 1986 that the AIDS virus came from outer space.

And sidestepping altogether the issue of the origin of HIV, University of California at Berkeley virologist Peter Duesberg declared it didn’t matter where HIV originated. The virus had nothing to do with AIDS, he said. Duesberg claimed that AIDS was not an infectious disease and had no association with any virus: the diseae commonly called AIDS had existed since the beginning off time, but seemed “epidemic” in the 1980s because people were injecting narcotics, snorting nitrites, taking amphetamines, getting parasitic dieases thaat scientists labeled “AIDS”, and leaading what he called a “self-destructive gay lifestyle.”

(Here Garrett appended a footnote:

208: Peter Duesberg’s views have been so widely published that it is difficult to narrow a list to key sources. For Duesberg’s perspective, see B. Guccione Jr., Interview, September 1993:95-108 (she apparently means SPIN Magazine); P. H. Duesberg, “Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: Correlation, but not Causation”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 86 (1989): 755-64; J. Miller, “AIDS Heresy,” Discover, June 1988:63-68; P. Duesberg, “A Challenge to the AIDS Establishment,” Biotechnology 5 (1987):3; and P. Duesberg, “Retroviruses as Carcinogens and Pathogens: Expectations and Reality,” Cancer Research 47 (1987):1199-1220.)

She then continued:

“I don’t mind to be shot up with it as long as it is a clean virus, without other junk, because I am fully convinced it’s not the cause of AIDS,” Duesberg said.

While Duesberg’s theories were debunked point by point by scientists all over the world, the public attraction to his ideas was strong, in part because they suggested that such things as consistent condom use might not be necessary. And because blame for having a deadly disease could be leveled straight at the victim—the individual who had led a “bad lifestyle” that caused an illness.

At this point she then made the perhaps unfortunate mistake of appending the following footnote:

209: For examples of counterarguments to Duesberg’s theories,see J. Cohen, “Keystone’s Blunt Message: It’s the Virus, Stupid.” Science 260 (1993); P.Brown, “MPs Investigate AIDS Maverick”, New Scientist, June 6, 1992:9; D. Concar, “Patients Abandon AIDS Drug After TV Shows,” New Scientist, July 13, 1991:13; J. E. Groopman, “A Dangerous Delusion About AIDS,” New York Times, September 10, 1992:A23; J. Weber, “AIDS and the ‘Guilty’ Virus, New Scientist, May 5, 1988:32-33; and A. G. Fettner, “Dealing with Duesberg,” Village Voice, February 2, 1988, 25-29.

Having thus demonstrated that rebuttal of Duesberg was confined to journalism rather than any scientific papers, at least as far as her own reading was concerned, Garrett then continued:

Though evidence for HIV as the cause of AIDS, the bona fide existence of a pandemic of infectious immunodeficiency, its evolutionary link to a family of monkey viruses, and its recent large-scale outbreak on earth was overwhelming, collective denial coupled with historically valid feelings of group persecution woiuld continue to support acceptance of dark, conspiratorial theories….

and goes on to detail popular fantasies of AIDS as “genocide against the black race”, or “the virus was produced in a germ-warfare laboratory”.

Thus her brief mention of this key topic amounted merely to repeating general establishment claims without any backing in the peer-reviewed literature, and the gratuitous smearing of Duesberg’s stature by association in the reader’s mind with ignorant or fantasy science. In truth one enduring problem for Duesberg’s scientific opponents has always been his impeccable stature and performance as a scientist, fully recognized by all before he undertook the dangerous politics of paradigm challenge.

Suffice it to say that evidence for HIV as the cause of AIDS was not overwhelming enough to lay the debate to rest, and it has continued unresolved and lively since. In fact the most intensely reviewed literature on the topic—Duesberg’s substantial number of therefore definitive critiques—has continued to be published with updates for nearly two decades now, with an accumulating pile of over fifteen trade and scientific books backing him on his political and scientific positions.

So anyone who possesses The Coming Plague has little reason to expect Laurie Garrett to be an informed and independent reporter on AIDS capable of assessing for herself the nature of the threat, and her subsequent career indicates likewise with its second alarmist best seller, her numerous prizes including all three journalism prizes (she is the only journalist to have won all three) her 1992-93 visiting fellowship at the Harvard School of Public Health, and now her fellowship at the Council writing this report.

We might also add that all this Duesberg material reminds us of an incident at SEED magazine lst year, where editor Adam Bly, 21, the Montreal-born founder of the struggling new science magazine, had given Garrett a monthly column. Bly and his sidekick Don Hoyt Gorman, still new to the politics of American science, were conferring with Garrett and mentioned that they were thinking of covering Peter Duesberg. According to Gorman later, Garrett rose from her chair, saying that if Duesberg’s name ever entered the pages of SEED she would never write a column, and flounced out of the office. The gossip was repeated in the New York Post’s Page Six column, which however failed to mention that Adam Bly only talked her back into the fold by offering her courtside seats at the US Open final in tennis that year.

So it was with a frisson of concern that we found out yesterday that she is the thinker on whom the Council of Foreign Relations is now relying for its analysis of the global security threat in AIDS. As the SRO crowd of some 150-200 suited and tied members, AIDS officials, health workers and activists and NGO officials listened, twenty five of them in Washington via satellite, Garrett and Holbrooke informed them of their latest thoughts on the topic as enshrined in the report or prompted by Princeton N. Lyman, who was the moderator from Washington of the video conference which was piped around the world to Council members in a “secure, password protected teleconference” setup. Peter Piot, the balding, heavy set executive director of UNAIDS, participated but didn’t add much to his comments at the UN.

Among the alarming or absurdist (depending on whther you read the scientific literature or not) points made:

1) AIDS is a growing problem for the women of the world, and Garrett believes that there is an urgent need for a microbicide for women to apply in self defense. AIDS, she said, is a modern bubonic plague, though slower ie one which takes fourteen years to wreak havoc, not just one year.

2) AIDS is not a security issue now but it could become one. For example, a weakened South Africa crippled by millions of AIDS deaths might be unable to defend her diamond mines from terrorists.

3) Holbrooke having visited South Africa recently reported to the shocked audience that the health minister of South Africa had told him she believed that garlic was a useful palliative for AIDS, so his vision of the future of the country was gloomy.

4) Thailand is showing the right way, with a health minister who has been an AIDS activist in a condom suit when he was a student and now runs a competition for a Mr and Mrs Condom to promote condoms, with the help of a Condom Song.

5) The danger zones are Africa, India, Central Asia and Russia, Russian AIDS is being boosted by an inflow of heroin from Afghanistan. The Ukraine has a remarkable number of HIV positives, half as many as China. In the world at large 95% of HIV positives do not know they are positive.

6) Treatment is a black hole as far as money goes because people will continue to infect others and they will all need drugs for the rest of their lives. We need to prevent AIDS, not just treat it.

Today we turned to the report to see if there was any more rigorous thinking in it, such as the “startling new insights” as the Council press release promised.

We found the following Executive Summary inside the glossy cover, which is emblazoned with a large red ribbon patterned like wickerwork, and inside photos of tearful ‘totos’ (Swahili for children) staring at the camera or hoeing the ground in ragged clothes. One poorly composed photo is by Garrett herself, of orphans in Uganda outside aa tin roofed building staring at the Western visitor.

Is the report as alarmist as one might expect under the pen of Laurie garrett? Let’s see.

Cont. Next post

The pressing need to spend $22 billion on global AIDS

July 7th, 2005

For twenty one years, there has been one consistent theme sung and trumpeted by all involved in the burgeoning and now global AIDS ideology, and that is the extreme importance of spending as large amounts of money as possible in combating the dread threat of a virus scientifically established as extremely un- or not at all infectious which lacks any peer-reviewed scientific explanation or proof of its supposed depredations, or indeed any proven significant presence in patients who are supposed to be deteriorating unto certain eventual death under its influence.

Yes, sir, the importance of spending ever larger sums of money defending against this terrifying threat in which a 9 kilobase wisp of RNA that hadn’t been observed by the health system directly or indirectly throughout human history until it popped up seemingly out of nowhere or perhaps from the moon or Mars or some distant star three decades ago is one of the few certainties of HIV AIDS.

Never mind that cancer, stroke, heart attack, TB, malaria and other well understood health threats decimate the populations of nations world wide with far greater totals of annual victims, the vital necessity of raising as much as possible to combat AIDS worldwide is the one sure thing of the field.

Anyone with political ambitions feeding off an image as a human rights advocate can say nothing guaranteed to win more instant approval from all quarters than to suggest that the disproportionate sum already applied to AIDS is still inadequate and must be immediately expanded by yet more billions if the global pandemic is to be prevented from swallowing what might be ultimately the entire population of the planet, given that unlike any other disease agent, there is nobody whose immune defenses can overcome this “insidious” and “cunning” virus.

So today we are not surprised to learn that the UNAIDS agency has upped the ante to $22 billion:

$22 Billion needed in 2008 to Reverse Spread of AIDS, UNAIDS reads a press release forwarded by a pr agency.

Almost US$22 billion will be needed in 2008 to reverse spread of AIDS in the developing world, according to latest estimates. These figures feature in a new report on estimated funding needs produced by the UNAIDS Secretariat, to be released to the UNAIDS Programme Coordinating Board at the end of June.

$22 Billion needed in 2008 to Reverse Spread of AIDS, UNAIDS

Almost US$22 billion will be needed in 2008 to reverse spread of AIDS in the developing world, according to latest estimates. These figures feature in a new report on estimated funding needs produced by the UNAIDS Secretariat, to be released to the UNAIDS Programme Coordinating Board at the end of June.

(I-Newswire) – Building on previous estimates, these figures have been developed using the latest available information and with the invaluable input from a newly established Resource Needs Steering Committee and Technical Working Group which are made up of international economists and AIDS experts from donor and developing countries, civil society, United Nations agencies and other international organizations.

“We have come a long way in mobilizing extra funds for AIDS, moving from millions to billions, but we still fall short of the US$22 billion needed in 2008,” said Dr Peter Piot, UNAIDS Executive Director. “AIDS poses an exceptional threat to humanity and the response needs to be equally exceptional, recognizing the urgency as well as the need for long term planning and financing.”

The revised estimates indicate funding needs of approximately US$15 billion in 2006, US$ 18 billion in 2007 and US$ 22 billion in 2008 for prevention, treatment and care, support for orphans and vulnerable children, as well as programme costs ( such as management of AIDS programmes and building of new hospitals and clinics ) and human resource costs ( includes training and recruitment of new doctors and nurses ).

This is the first time that specific attention is given to resource needs for longer term investments to improve country capacity in the health and social sectors through training of existing staff, recruiting and paying new staff and significant investments for building the necessary infrastructure. These financial requirements for the human resources and programme costs are preliminary, and will be further refined and improved.

Meeting the 2006-2008 resource needs would result in the following achievements:

– Prevention – A comprehensive prevention response by 2010, as is required to turn around the AIDS epidemic, based on the current coverage of services and the most recent evidence on actual rates of scaling up interventions.

– Treatment and care – 75% of people in need globally ( approximately 6.6 million people ) will have access to antiretroviral treatment by 2008, based on current coverage rates and rates of growth as seen in 2004.

– Orphans and vulnerable children – Increase of support from low levels of coverage to full coverage of all orphans in Sub-Saharan Africa, given that AIDS is responsible for more than 2/3 of children who have lost both parents, as well as AIDS orphans in other low and middle-income countries.

– Human resources – Covering the costs of recruiting and training additional doctors, nurses and community health workers in low-income countries, and two middle-income countries ( South Africa and Botswana ) and incentives to retain and attract people to the health sector. Future analyses will calculate costs for other health workers, including nurse practitioners, clinical officers and laboratory technicians.

– Programme costs – The construction of over 1000 new health centres ( to be available by 2010 ), based on the investments made during 2006-2008. An additional 19, 000 health centres and 800 hospitals would be renovated over the next three years to handle the scaling-up of HIV treatment and care.

According to the latest UNAIDS projections, a total of US$8.3 billion is estimated to be available from all sources in 2005, rising to US$ 8.9 billion and US$10 billion in 2006 and 2007 respectively.

As the response to AIDS is scaled up, funding estimates must be constantly revised and updated. UNAIDS will work with international donors and affected countries to refine the costing estimates, focusing particularly on strengthening health infrastructures.

UNAIDS has been producing resource needs estimates since 2001. Since that time there has been increased access to relevant data, a continuous improvement in the methodologies and new thinking about what comprises a comprehensive package of interventions to turn back the epidemic. The latest estimates constitute the best available assessment of global needs for AIDS and a rational basis for further discussion about AIDS funding in the international arena. The coverage levels presented in the analysis should not be considered as agreed targets, but the outcomes that could be expected if these resources were spent.

It appears that there is a funding gap between resources available and those needed of at least US $18 billion from 2005 to 2007. However, this is likely to be a significant underestimate. Determining the gap between resources available and resource needs is not a matter of simple subtraction. The resources available are based on pledges rather than budgets that have been finalized by governments; actual disbursements to countries are generally less than the total commitments; and the resources available are not necessarily being spent on the same sets of interventions that have been included in the resource needs estimations.

For more information, please contact Dominique De Santis, UNAIDS, tel. +41 22 791 4509, email. or Beth Magne-Watts, UNAIDS, tel. +41 22 791 5074, email. For more information on UNAIDS, please visit

Distributed for UNAIDS by

Peter Robbs Consultants Ltd

News Media and Editorial

Main contacts:

Cathy Bartley

T: +44 20 7635 1593

Peter Robbs

T: +44 1480 465328

F: +44 1480 492724



If this expanded activity is based on an entirely spurious medical fantasy, as the most intensely peer reviewed and peer cleared-for-publication-as-without identifiable-fault scientific literature finds it is, and a pack of some 2000 excruciatingly attentive scientists, doctors, journalists and other researchers also maintain in the face of exceptional social disapproval from a vast crowd of supporters none of whom have the same incentive to be sure of what they are talking about before taking a public position, then this is a seriously distorted allocation of aid money.

In fact, it is then a river of spending devoted to killing off the very people that the fundraisers and the people who support them in the assumption they know what they are doing believe they are rescuing.

Given the stink arising from what has been uncovered at the NIH now that the lid has been taken off the AIDS research arm of that gigantic institution (see preceding post ) , it may be time for all those leading and cheerleading the world in greasing the axles of this particular bandwagon to pause for review. Perhaps the staff employed by the President, Bill Clinton, Richard Holbrooke, and Jeffrey Sachs might be assigned to look into this festering issue instead of blithely ignoring it as politically untouchable. Perhaps there might be a sign of life from the appropriate Congressional investigating committee.

Will this happen, though? Cynics, step aside, we think it is just faintly possible. So we are going to call a few people to see what they think, Washington hands who have been around and know the inside of the Beltway like the back of their hands.

Who better to start with than Jonathan Fishbein, who has just been at least somewhat vindicated in his steel-spined whistleblowing as described in the previous post referred to, which exposed the sexually colored shenanigans of the disreputable bureaucrat running AIDS research at the NIH, and called into question the treatment of research studies on drugs there, in which according to Fishbein results were actually reversed, and reports were written up to say that atrociously run studies which were scientifically invalid nonetheless served to vindicate drugs which were widely suspected as being so damaging as to be useless.

We called Jonathan yesterday for a chat. We found him ebullient after the NIH report backing his criticisms, even though it was not yet revealed to have done so on the most important area of his criticism, the studies. The AP piece was based on a report by the NIH to the Senate Finance Committee which has not yet been made public, except by whatever public spirited bureaucrat got a copy to the AP reporter. Fishbein, who apparently has a lot of quiet support inside the agency he has been kicked out of, says he does not know the full contents yet.

The NIH report did at least make it quite clear that his allegations of gross misbehavior were valid. This is important since the misbehavior – sexually colored comments and the like – was aimed at members of his staff apparently in an attempt to scare them off in their investigations of procedural corruption.

So, given that a serious lack of integrity is what he found at DAIDS, the first thing we asked Fishbein was, had it made him doubt the whole story of AIDS, or at least give the naysayers a little more credit than he had before?

The answer to this was yes, it had somewhat, helped by an introduction he had received to Peter Duesberg, with whom he had had dinner in Washington two weeks ago when Duesberg was invited to the NIH to give an account of his new route to the cure for cancer, aneuploidy.

(If you don’t realize what that invitation means in regard to Duesberg, read the next post.)

On the other hand, he was hardly going to take any public position on it, given that his chief purpose now is to make sure that hearings on the NIH and his allegations is mounted on Capitol Hill, which is the only way he will achieve professional vindication and avoid the scarlet letter W for whistleblower emblazoned on his forehead forever.

What Fishbein told us we will post tomorrow.

Science is not a democracy (someone tell the New York Times, Economist, Salon etc)

June 14th, 2005

Shameful imitation of sheep by reporters

A list of courageous dissenters

Science reporters from the New York Times, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, BBC, etc huddleThe degree to which the media follow majority rule in AIDS coverage is almost farcical, given their liking for assuming the pose of independence. It is also irrational, given the cut throat level of competition with each other and with corrective blogs nowadays. Why not do some original thinking for a change, folks, to distinguish your publication from the hackish horde?

Apparently, no one has explained to science reporters and their editors that all established science begins as heresy, even if the contrary is not true (that all heresy winds up as established science).

Like everyone else to whom the stock-in-trade of scientists (their research and textbook knowledge) is as baffling as computer code, media reporters, writers and columnists have only one measure with which to asssess the validity of scientific ideas: how many top ranking scientists believe the claims.

In other words, when it comes to underinformed reporters science IS effectively a democracy, with its truths voted in by a majority vote.

Nowhere is this more blatant than in the gratuitous disparaging remarks let loose by almost every major mainstream journal covering AIDS whenever the opponents of the establishment paradigm make an appearance.

Like some kind of cheering squad for the conventional wisdom no reporter from the New York Times on down seems capable of holding back from a gratuitous phrase suggesting that any dissent is crackpot, and that the proof of this is the fact that the numbers of dissenters appears geometrically smaller to them than the angelic host of the congregation.

Those who care to doubt the HIV absurdity

Here is a list compiled by a Web page that has sprung up to defend the dissenters by falling into the same trap, which is to quote as many names as possible on the dissenting side, as if this meant anything at all scientifically.
The only thing that means anything scientifically of course is the long list of published peer reviewed articles in the best scientific literature that deny in their conclusions the validity of this scientifically unproven paradigm, HIV-causes-AIDS.

On the other hand, politics is influenced by numbers and also by the credentials of dissenters, so some useful political purpose is served by the list, which details credentials as well as names, both of which amount to a total which should bring this sneering arrogance to a sharp halt.

Albeit on the same spurious level as the uncalled for sidewipes of the media, it acts as a corrective.

Here is the list and its introductory collection of media statements which promote the idea that scientific validity is a numbers game:

You can find it at Grand List of AIDS Dissidents at the African Rainbow Circle

Bias in the media

First, media stupidities:

a small band of scientists who claim that HIV does not cause AIDS
-Nature, March 16, 2000
a small band of AIDS gadflies
-San Francisco Chronicle, May 26, 1994
a tiny scientific fringe
a coterie of merry Internet-surfing dissidents
- Mail and Guardian, Johannesburg, April 19, 2002, Dec 20, 2001
dangerous scientific cranks
-Washington Post, April 20, 2000
a small band of scientists with eccentric and discredited opinions
a few maverick American scientists
-The Economist, July 13, 2000, Dec 14, 2001
a small group of scientists
- Daily Californian, July 14, 2000
a tiny group of other so-called dissident researchers
- Chicago Tribune, April 14, 2000
- San Francisco Examiner, April 21, 2000
a small group of people
a fringe group of scientists
- Village Voice, March 15-21, 2000
a few vocal people
- The Durban Declaration, Nature, July 6, 2000
a small group of mostly white Americans
a handful of white American deniers
-, July 28, 2000
American fringe elements
-Newsday, March 29, 2000
No serious medical scientist doubts the causal link between HIV and AIDS.
- Washington Post, April 18, 2000
But Mbeki has for months been courting two dissident U.S. scientists, Peter Duesberg and David Rasnick, who deny that HIV causes AIDS.
- Reuters, April 19, 2000
Mbeki should not give equal weight to the views of two mavericks against the vast mass of research.
-, 2000
a small but vocal group of biomedical scientists.
how exceedingly small the number of professionals is who hold dissident views.
- British Medical Journal, 2004
a hardy group consisting of two or three scientists (whom no one funds)
- Toronto Globe and Mail, May 4, 2000
a handful of dissident scientists
- CNN, Reuters, September 22, 2000
- The Guardian (UK), July 10, 2000
a tiny minority of scientists
- Scientific American, August, 2001
a small group of dissidents
- New York Times, July 9, 2000
a tiny, widely discredited fringe group
- Business Day, South Africa, April 20, 2000
a small clique of scientists
- Inter Press Service, April 5, 2002
-, 2002

A list of HIV doubters

The list of AIDS skeptics follows, too long to reproduce here without providing an expansion as below (next “show “link).

If one accepts the numbers game as relevant to the politics of AIDS, however, one can say that this list of dissenting scientists, physicians, attentive journalists and other knowledgeable observers is large enough to demand attention from any serious reporter and editor. Given that many listed on the Durban Declaration evidently (judging from the advisory email quoted in the previous post Galileo said it, Durban proved it: reason is not a democracy) which read as follows

Many of you will say that HIV/AIDS is not your area. However, over the years you have heard enough of the arguments to understand the association. Furthermore, many of you know well infectious diseases and understand Koch’s postulates. If you have colleagues in the laboratory or in the clinic who you feel would like to sign, please ask them. The more the better. However, please note that in order to be authoritative we feel it necessary to restrict the list to those with major university qualifications.

had no special knowledge of the matter, one could take the comparative total authority as more or less equal, if not weightier on the side of dissent.

But on the other hand, of course, one should emphasize that the sizeable group of people involved in science and medicine who oppose current AIDS-think, despite the financial penalty of being cut off from one of the most lucrative streams of funding in science and medicine today, is impressive, but also not relevant to whether they are right or wrong.

Except for the single point that those who oppose the mainstream in this fashion are likely to have thought long and hard before adopting the unpopular position, and have researched the issue far more deeply and thoroughly than the fellow scientists who oppose them, let alone the journalists who make casually disparaging remarks.

What one can say is that anyone who has read all the publications on this topic by Peter Duesberg of Berkeley (see initial blog posts here) can recognise a scientist who has few peers even among Nobel prize winners in biology in sheer excellence of mind, judged by his clarity, subtlety of logic, and command of both detail and general views in science and language.

Harvey Bialy, author of “Oncogenes, Aneuploidy and AIDS: A Scientifc Life and Times of Peter Duesberg” (see review in earlier post) and founding scientific editor of Nature Biotechnology, is a leading member of the list whose precise scientific intelligence is another example of how dissidents include several thinkers who outshine any of their opponents. This is undoubtedly why in AIDS personal confrontation in debate on panels or any other stage has been studiously avoided by the promulgators of the paradigm from the beginning.

Fortunately Bialy’s book in making no concessions whatsoever to the ignorant in terms of “popularizing” his text allows him to demonstrate this brilliance conclusively by unleashing all his scientific expertise and political experience on delivering the precise scientific facts of the matter both in AIDS and in cancer, and illuminating exactly how things went wrong in both fields.

The account is as much a classic as Duesberg’s seminal papers and books on both topics, and while it may be a struggle in parts for the untutored is satisfyingly elegant because of this lack of compromise, and doubly useful as a weapon in the hands of any doubter faced with the usual claptrap from a scientific defender of the paradigm in AIDS, since all one has to do is hand them a copy of the book, which cannot be dismissed as merely popular misunderstanding of good science, and is evidently equally unanswerable on the level of good science.

(In fact, a copy of the book was forwarded to a leading figure responsible for oncogene theory by a family member, and a future post here will detail the response. Update: There was no response at all.)

The quality of minds involved is very relevant in this dispute where it often seems that the only reason that HIV-AIDS remains standing as a paradigm is the abysmal lack of intellectual awareness on the part of the crowd that supports it.

It is becoming hard to open a copy of the New York Times without finding an article on AIDS both internally and externally inconsistent.
HANDFUL OF SCIENTISTS WHO DOUBT THE HIV-AIDS THEORY: A set of assumptions held by the worldwide Hiv-Aids establishment in the absence of any scientific proof:
That Hiv causes Aids
That Hiv tests accurately diagnose Hiv
That Aids medicines extend life
That Aids is heterosexually transmitted
That Hiv and Aids are decimating Africa and Asia
Much evidence contradicts all of these assumptions. But powerful, drug industry-funded Aids scientists have staked their reputations and credibility (and bank accounts) on these beliefs, so they defend them like religious zealots-with the help of a propagandistic media, awash in drug company advertising revenues, and an equally dishonest NGO sector, made rich by huge drug industry contributions.
Fortunately, more responsible scientists are now speaking out.

The doubters:

New additions are shown in red, those who signed a petition questioning the hypothesis that Hiv causes Aids in blue and new additions who are also petition signers in purple. A few of the people listed below question only key parts of the Hiv theory, not all of it. Limitations on their beliefs are shown in brackets

Goats clearing weeds, underbrush and ignorant claims from the Mount Olympus of science to creat a 300 foot nonsense free zone to prevent the flames of political prejudice and funding necessity from leaping the barrier and reducing the strong trees and pretty flower gardens of productive research to ashes and idiocy.Earl Aagaard. PhD, Professor of Biology, Pacific Union College, Angwin, California
Jeanette S. Abel. MD, Portland, Oregon
Folarin Abimbola. Medical student, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria
Richard Ablin. PhD, State University of New York
Laila Abubakar. Researcher, Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Dept., International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE), Nairobi, Kenya
Jotham Achineku. Engineer, Ikeja, Nigeria
Leonardo Acosta. Journalist, Author of more than a dozen books, Havana, Cuba
Dr. Kofi Ada-re. London, United Kingdom
Jad Adams. M.A., Author, The HIV Myth
Marie Adams. ND, Bastyr University, Seattle, Washington
PAK Addy. PhD, head of clinical microbiology at the University of Science and Technology in Kumasi, Ghana [Says Aids in Africa is exaggerated and the Hiv tests kill people due to the mental turmoil a positive result causes, which leads to physiological immune depression and suicide] Ayo Adeboye. Physician, Nigeria
Gabriela Adelstein. Translator, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Tamiru Adisu. Pharmacist, Alexandria, Virginia
Martin Adjuik. M.Sc., Biostatistician, WHO Fellow, Navrongo Health Research Centre, Ghana
Karin Wiedmer Aebersold. Homeopathic doctor, Hefenhofen, Switzerland
Dr. Madhu Agarwal. Homeopathic physician, Nagpur, India
Vahagn Agbabian. D.O., Pontiac, Michigan
Paolo Agliano. PhD, Dept. of Mathematics, University of Siena, Italy
J. Antonio Aguilar B.. Instituto Nacional de Ecologia, Mexico City, Mexico
Humberto Aguirre. Aids Educator, Psychologist, Atlanta, Georgia
Dr. Kofi Agyapong. Sons and Daughters of Africa, Washington DC
Festus Agyei. PhD Student, Institute of Environmental Sciences, Miami University, Ohio
Naseer Ahmad. M.D., M.A., D.Sc., Toronto, Canada
Sina Ahmadi. Medical Student, Tehran, Iran
Syed Masud Ahmed. Physician, MBBS, MPH, Senior Medical Officer, Research and Evaluation Division, BRAC Centre, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Dr. Hyung Jun Ahn. Seoul, South Korea
Mabili Ajani. Broadcast Journalist, Tampa, Florida
Vladimir S. Ajdacic. PhD, Nuclear Physicist, Belgrade, Yugoslavia
Patricia Akeman. R.N., Goleta, California
Charles Akemann. PhD, Professor of Mathematics, University of California, Santa Barbara
Crystal Aker. M.Ed., Mathematics instructor, Wright State University, Ohio
Titilola Akindele. Medical Student, Howard University, Washington DC
Shreepad Akolkar. MD, DPH (Dipl Public Health), FRIPHH, Pune, Maharashtra, India
Mohammad Ali Al-Bayati. PhD, Toxicologist and Pathologist, California. Author, Get all the facts: HIV does not cause AIDS
Joyce Y. Al-Mateen. Medical Records Director, Cottondale, Florida
Alejandro Alagon Cano. MD, PhD, Researcher, Departamento de Medicina Molecular y Bioprocesos, El Instituto de Biotecnologa UNAM, Universidad Nacional Autnoma de Mxico
Fernando Alameda. Engineer, Bogot, Colombia
Kleber Alanis. Engineer, St. Petersburg, Florida
Claudio Alatorre Frenk. PhD. Institute of Engineering, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico. Co-ordinator, the Large-scale Renewable Energy Development Project of Mexico’s Ministry of Energy.
Carlos Escudero Albarrn. Morelia, Mxico. President, Mexican Association for the Scientific Reappraisal of AIDS. Author, VIH La puerta a la iluminacin (Hiv, the door to illumination)
Mirco Alberti. Naturopathic Physician, Bologna, Italy
Hansueli Albonico. MD, Langnau, Switzerland
Kathryn Albritton. M.Sc., Brooklyn, New York
Gloria Margarita Alcaraz Lpez. PhD, Professor of Public Health and Nutrition, Universidad de Antioquia, Medelln, Colombia
Morris Alexander. Senior Public Prosecutor, Pietermaritzburg Magistrate’s Court, South Africa
Barry R. Alexavich. Cell Biologist, Bristol, Connecticut
Helman Alfonso. MD, Director of Research, Universidad Metropolitana Barranquilla, Colombia; Author, in Spanish, The Great Fiasco: AIDS Is Not Caused by HIV
Jamila Ali. RNC, NP, Registered Nurse, Nurse Practitioner, New York
Kassahun Ali. Engineer, Alexandria, Virginia
Anita Allen. Journalist, former Science Writer, The Star, Johannesburg, South Africa
Steve Allen. Journalist for ABC and CBS; Filmmaker who has made two documentaries on AIDS: The Surrogate Marker and HIV Equals AIDS: Fact or Fiction?
Max Allen. Journalist, Canadian Broadcasting Company (CBC)
Ricardo Almeida. Visiting Professor, Ecological issues, Southern New Hampshire University, Manchester, New Hampshire
Manuel Almendro. PhD in Psychology, Spain
Nicholas Altenbernd. Academic Administrator, Writing and Humanistic Studies Dept., MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts
Miguel Alvarez. Professor of Literature, Shanghai, China
Sanyakhu-Sheps Amare’. M.A., Executive Director, National Electronic Clearinghouse Center (NECC); Adjunct instructor, New Hampshire College, Graduate School of Business
Kebedech Ambaye. Anthropologist, Technical Officer, United Nations Population Fund, New York
Jody Amberg. LPC, NCC, ACSAC, Rockwood Counseling Center, Eureka, Missouri
Roger Ambiel. Nurse teacher, Zurich, Switzerland
Serafino Amoroso. N.D., PhD, DAHom, New Jersey Center for the Healing Arts, Red Bank, New Jersey
Emmanuel Anastasopoulos. MD, PhD, Athens, Greece
John B. Andelin. MD, Mercy Hospital, Williston, North Dakota
Ken Anderlini. MFA, PhD student, former lecturer at Simon Fraser University, film maker. Aldergrove, BC, Canada
Serena Anderlini-DOnofrio. PhD, Professor of Humanities, Interdisciplinary Scholar, and Author, University of Puerto Rico at Mayaguez
Mark Anderson. D.C., Orlando, Florida
Mark K. Anderson. M.S. Physics, Science Journalist, Northampton, Massachusetts
Vctor Andrade Sotomayor. MD, Past President of the Peruvian Society of Alternative and Complementary Medicine
Dr. S.E. Andrejickas. Toronto, Canada
Michel Andrillon. Editor of Votre Sante (Your Health) magazine, Paris, France
Pierre Andrillon . Editor in Chief, Votre Sant, Paris, France
Nthobi Angel. M.Sc., Director of Communications, Office of The Presidency of South Africa
Flavia Angelico. Documentary Film Maker, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Rich Angell. Writer; Editor, Circumcision Information Network. Missoula, Montana
Douglas Angulo. Mathematician, Biostatistician, Caracas Venezuela
Heather Anthony. M.A., Yonkers, New York
Philipp Anwer. Graduate Student in Biochemistry, Boston University
Antonio Eduardo Araujo Miranda. MD, Madrid, Spain
K.C. Aravind. M.Sc. Student Microbiology, Chennai, India
Jose Pedro Arce. Biologist, Ensenada, Mexico
Delia Arellano. Journalist, El Bravo newspaper, Matamoros, Mexico. President, COFRES (Brotherhood Counsel of Health and Hope)
Lore Aresti. Psychoanalyst, Mexico City, author VIH=SIDA=MUERTE? (Hiv=Aids=Death?)
Montse Arias. Journalist, Director of the Spanish version of the journal The Ecologist and of the newsletter Vida Sana, press reporter of Biocultura, Spain
M.A. Armenteros. N.D., Naturopathic Physician, Downey, California
Janet S. Arnold. MD, Family Physician, Richland, Washington
Halton Arp. B.S. Harvard University, PhD, California Institute of Technology. Astrophysicist, Max-Planck-Institute for Astrophysics, Munich, Germany; awarded the Helen B. Warner Prize of the American Astronomical Society, the Newcomb Cleveland Award of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Alexander von Humboldt Senior Scientist Award; President of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 1980 to 1983. Author of The Atlas of Peculiar Galaxies, Quasars, Redshifts and Controversies and Seeing Red: Redshifts, Cosmology and Academic Science
Angel Lopez Arteaga. Electrical and Electronic Engineer, Madrid, Spain
Christopher Asaro. PhD, Post-Doctoral Research Associate, Entomology, University of Georgia
Dr. Raymond Kimika Assumani. President, Centre D’education Et De Formation Integree, Genve, Switzerland and Uvira, Zaire
Elizabeth Attig. Registered Nurse, Wynnewood, Pennsylvania
Claude Aubry. Physician, Florida
Trina Augello. Student of Oriental Medicine, Kissimmee, Florida
Niels Auhagen. MD, Berlin, Germany
Andrew Ausman. Software Engineer, Los Angeles, Calif
E. Austin. M.Sc., Victoria, British Columbia
K.C. Avarind. Student M.Sc, Microbiology, Chennai, India
Dr. Bernardo Avila. Sabadell, Spain
Keidi Obi Awadu. (aka The Conscious Rasta), Writer, Documentary film maker, Los Angeles. Author of over 20 books including Aids Exposed
Steve Ayorinde. Editor, The Comet Newspaper, Lagos Nigeria
Jose Manuel N. Azevedo . Departamento de Biologia, Universidade dos Acores, Portugal
Aka Babatunde. Constitutional Lawyer, Lagos, Nigeria
Emmanuel Babissagana. M.A., Legal Theorist, Yaounde, Cameroon
Laurence Bacchus. Diploma in Naturopathy, Auckland, New Zealand
Eric Bach. Nurse, Director, School of Holistic Health, Brussels, Belgium
Anthony Bacic. PhD, Perth, Australia
Lawrence Badgley. MD, San Francisco. Author, Healing Aids Naturally
Salah Badjou. PhD, Physics, Research engineer, Lancaster
Ankomah Baffour. Journalist, New African Magazine
Graziano Baiesi. MD, Bologna, Italy
Anuka Baijoo. Research Chemist, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
James C. Baker. PhD, Santa Rosa, California
Jeff Baker. M.A., former Immunology grad student, Northwestern University Medical School; Advanced Placement Biology Teacher, Auburn Hills, Michigan
Robert D. Baker. DVM, Veterinarian, Lagunitas, California
Richard B. Baker. CGS, MRP, Rochester, New York
Begoa Balaguer. PhD, Valencia, Spain
Lord Baldwin. Joint Chairman of Britains Parliamentary Group for Alternative and Complementary Medicine
Wilfried Bales. Heilpraktiker, Cologne, Germany
Sharadendu Bali. MD, MBBS, Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, Santosh Medical College Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
Michele A. Ball. MSW, EAV cert, Psychotherapist, Kingston, Canada
Gustavo Ballejo Olivera. MD, PhD, Professor Associado, Farmacologia, Ginecologia e Obstetrcia, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeiro Preto, Universidade de So Paulo, Brazil
Rudolph Ballentine. MD, former Professor of Psychiatry at Louisiana State University; President of the Himalayan Institute for 12 years and Director of its Combined Therapy Department for 18 years. Author of the book, Radical Healing
Ralph Ballerstadt. PhD, Biotechnologist, Palatine, Illinois
Dr. Nguyen-phuoc Bao-quy. Medical Practitioner, MBBS FRACGP MACNEM, Sydney, Australia
Peter Baratosy. PhD, MBBS, Dipl. Acupuncture, Dipl. Clinical Hypnotherapy; Physician, Fellow of the Australian College of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine; Author, Can you really believe what your doctor tells you? and There is Always an Alternative
Claudio Barbaranelli. Associate Professor of Methodology, Department of Psychology, University of Rome La Sapienza, Italy
Sandi Levy Barbero. MSW, Las Vegas, Nevada
Claudio Bardella. London School of Economics, UK; Author, Pilgrimages of the Plagued: Aids, Body and Society
Andries Sechaba Bareetseng. PhD, Bolemfontein, South Africa
Maria Pia Barile. PhD, Professor of Biochemistry, University of Bari, Italy
Diego Barone. Engineer, Bergamo, Italy
Raymond A. Barrell. LL.B., Johannesburg, South Africa
Jose Barrera. Technical Engineer, Seville, Spain
David Bartell. Science Fiction writer, BA, Astrophysics
Mark Bartlett. Microbiology Technologist, Communicable Disease Investigator, Toronto, Canada
Larry Barton. M.A., Technology Liaison, University of North Dakota
Eugen Bartuska. Specialist Anaesthetist, DEAA, Berlin, Germany
Robert W. Bass. Ph.D, Johns Hopkins, Rhodes Scholar, Professor of Physics and Astronomy, Brigham Young Univ., Provo, Utah: Senior Editor, Kronos, A Journal of Interdisciplinary Synthesis
Farouk Bassa. Asst. Professor, Dept. of Chemical Engineering, University of Durban-Westville, South Africa
Shamita Basu. PhD, Lecturer, The Institute of Development Studies, Calcutta, India. Former Professor of Political Science, Calcutta University. Author, Religious Revivalism as Nationalist Discourse (Oxford, 2002)
Giovanni Battista Baratta. Professor of Astronomy, Osservatorio Astronomica di Roma, Italy
Angelo Battiston. D.C., Cape Town, South Africa
Henry Bauer. PhD, Professor Emeritus of Chemistry & Science Studies and Dean Emeritus of Arts & Sciences at Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University; Author, Fatal Attractions: The Troubles with Science .
Eleen Baumann. PhD, Assistant Professor of Sociology, Director of Undergraduate Studies, University of Oregon
Michael Baumgartner. Secretary General, International Forum for Accessible Science (IFAS)
Amando Bautista. PhD student in Biology, Universidad Nacional Autnoma de Mxico
Jaime Bayona-Prieto. PHT, NRH, Universidad de Pamplona, Colombia
Greg Beattie. Author, Vaccination – A Parents Dilemma. Forest Hill, Australia
W.H. Beauman. Environmental chemist, Chicago, Illinois
Alejandro Becerra. M.A., Mesa, Arizona
Luc Blisle. Journalist, Montreal, Canada
Alain Guy Bellhomo. Dipl.-Ing., Engineer, Wilhelmshaven, Germany
Eros Belliveau. Research Study Asst., Univ. of Washington Dept. of Medicine, Div. of Allergy & Infectious Diseases
Carsten Bellon. PhD, Engineer, Federal Institute of Materials Research and Testing (BAM), Berlin, Germany. Author, Computersimulation radiographischer Prfverfahren
Richard Beltz. PhD, inventor of AZT, Professor of Biochemistry, Loma Linda University, California [Says leading Aids drug AZT is too toxic and should not be used] Caio Benevolo. M.A., Rio De Janeiro, Brazil
Andre-Pierre Benguerel. PhD, Professor Emeritus, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
German Benitez. MD, Director, Asociacion Medica Homeopatica de Colombia, Bogot
Luis Bentez-Bribiesca. MD, Unidad de Investigaciones Oncolgicas, Hospital de Oncologa, Mexico City
Pietro Mariano Benni. Attorney, Documentary Film Maker. Journalist for ANSA (Italian News Agency) and many Italian magazines; formerly editor-in-chief of Reader’s Digest (Italian edition). Managing Consultant for Missionary Service News Agency. Rome, Italy
Andrew A. Benson. PhD, La Jolla, California
Gregory Benvenuti. Engineer, Johannesburg, South Africa
Christopher Berg. Dartmouth-educated astronomer and author of AMAZEing Art: Wonders of the Ancient World. Berkeley, California
Richard M.A. Berger. DDS, Berkeley, California
Arthur Berken. MD Is the human immunodeficiency virus really the initiator of human immunodeficiency? (letter) New York State Journal of Medicine (February 1988)
David Berner. MD, Condon, Montana
B Bernhard. Master of Public Health, Germany
Herbert Bernstein. DDS, Clinical Associate Professor, Oral Surgery, University of Miami, Florida
Rachel Bernu. Journalist – Eye on Africa, Washington, DC
Tom Bethell. Author, researcher, Hoover Institution, Palo Alto, California
India Bharti. M.Sc Biochemistry, Melbourne, Australia
Tathagata Bhattacharya. M.A., Journalist, The Pioneer, New Delhi, India
Uday Bhawalkar. PhD, Biochemical engineering, Maharashtra, India
Harvey Bialy. PhD, Founding scientific editor, Nature Biotechnology. Resident Scholar, Institute of Biotechnology/Autonomous National University of Mexico, Member, South Africa Presidential Aids Advisory Panel
Enrica Bianchi. Biologist, Bologna, Italy
Luca Biasco. Researcher in Pediatric Leukemia, S.Orsola/Malpighi Hospital, Bologna, Italy
Hans Bicker. Biologist, Willemstad, Curacao, Netherlands Antilles
Robert Bielik. Engineer, Uppsala, Sweden
Anatole Bihina. Journalist and Novelist; Author, Secret d’enfance, Yaounde, Cameroon
Laura Elena Billiet. Psychologist, Buenos Aires, Argentina; author, HIV-Sida. La poca de Inmunodeficiencia (HIV-AIDS. The era of immunodeficiency)
Lloyd Billingsley. Editorial Director, Pacific Research Institute, San Francisco; Author of many books and articles on public policy, education, and other issues
Irwin H. Binder. MS HRD, Fort Wayne, Indiana
Antonio Bindi. DDS, MSD, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Robert W. Birge. PhD, Berkeley, California
Paul Bishop. Architect, San Diego, California
Bill Bissell. M.A., Seattle, Washington
Mala Bissoon. MNIMH, Co-ordinator of Anatomy, The London College of Traditional Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine, UK
Christopher Black. Attorney, Toronto, Canada
Inez Blackburn. Faculty, University of Toronto at Mississauga
Fernandez Blackshear. RN, Silver Spring, Maryland. Board Member, Doctors for United Medical Missions, Inc.
Shelly B. Blam. PhD, Alameda, California
Raymond Blanchette. Engineer, Brossard, Canada
John S. Blankfort. DDS, San Francisco, California
Wolf Blazejczak. Engineer, Berlin, Germany
Robert Bleakney. PhD, Religion and Social Ethics, Worcester, Massachusetts
Uwe Blesching. PhD Student, Western Institute for Social Research, Berkeley, California
Peter Blum. Hypnotherapist, Woodstock, New York
Seth Blumencranz. Mechanical Engineer, Huntington, New York
Julie Blyth. Medical Librarian, Royal Perth Hospital, University of Western Australia
Helmut Walter Boehnke. Heilpraktiker, Alternative Medicine, Berlin, Germany
Connie Boles. MSW, RSW, Dept. of Psychiatry, University of Western Ontario, Canada
Steven Boman. M.Div., C.H, Certified Hypnotherapist, Minneapolis, Minnesota
Erik Boni. Editor, Firenze University Press, Italy
Giuseppe Borz. PhD, Assistant Professor of Electrical Engineering, University of Messina, Italy
Drs Lodewijk Bos. M.A., Utrecht, Netherlands. Founder of the International Council on Medical and Care Compunetics, ICMCC
Henk Boshoff. PhD Candidate, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Dorothy L. Bosworth. PhD, Carlsbad, California
Llus Botinas. PhD, Barcelona, Spain
Alexandru Botu. Engineer, Bucharest, Romania
Rhoda-Mary Bowell. Journalist, Dublin, Ireland
Claude Bowen. Director of Human Resources, Minority Aids Project, Los Angeles, California
Maja Boxhorn. Instructor in Veterinary Homeopathy, Asthanga Research Institute for Homoeopathy, Hagen bei Murnau, Germany
Colin Brace. Writer/Editor, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Len Bracken. Author and novelist: Shadow Government, The East is Black, Freeplay and other books
Nanette Bracken. Attorney, Ridgefield, Connecticut
Lawrence Bradford. PhD, Associate Professor of Biology, Benedictine College, Kansas
Bruno Braeckman. Traditional Chinese Medicine & Acupuncture practitioner, former Chairman of the Belgian Acupunctors Federation (1983-1997), Gent, Belgium
Mack M. Braly. M.A., J.D., Adjunct Professor of Evidence, University of Tulsa Law School, Oklahoma
Mary Brand. Former US Dept. of Agriculture Consumer Safety Inspector. Red Springs, North Carolina
Gerrit Brand. PhD, University of Utrecht, Netherlands
Martien Brands. MD, PhD, Senior lecturer, Dept. of Primary Care, University of Liverpool; Free University, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Barbro Bransome. MD, Family Medicine, Stockholm, Sweden
Michael Bransome. MD, Karolinska Institute, Dept. of Clinical Neuroscience, Stockholm, Sweden
Christopher Branstetter. M.A., Brooklyn, New York
Maurizio Braucci. Novelist, Naples, Italy. Author, Il mare guasto, which won the Premio Arezzo, the Premio Ultima Frontiera Volterra and the French Prix du livre Arte Mare Bastia awards
Tucker Brawner. DPM, Savannah, Georgia
Dan Bredemann. Playwright, director, TV writer, journalist, lecturer at Fordham University
William Briden. PhD, Instructor in Mathematics, University of Rhode Island
Brian E. Briggs. MD, Minot, North Dakota
Ian Brighthope. MBBS, DipAgrSc, MATA, FACNEM, Australia, President of the Complementary Healthcare Council of Australia and the Australasian College of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine; author, The AIDS Fighters [Says Aids can be cured by Nutritional Supplements] Anthony Brink. Attorney, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa. Author, Debating AZT and The Trouble with Nevirapine.
Pierre Brisson. Editor, Lusage des drogues et la toxicomanie, Montreal, Canada
Sandi Brockway. Founder Macrocosm USA, Writer/Editor, Cambria, California
Stuart Brody. PhD, Adjunct Research Associate Professor of Medical Psychology, University of Tubingen, Germany. Author, Sex at Risk [Says Hiv is not transmitted by penile-vaginal sex] Christina Bromme. Instructor, University of British Columbia
Andy Brook. Engineer, Gloucestershire, UK
Christopher Brooks. Ph.D, Geophysics, ANU, Vankleek Hill, Ontario, Canada
Dean M. Brooks. Engineering Physicist, founder of Ekaros Analytical, Vancouver, Canada
Natashya Brooks. Student of Oriental Medicine, Berkeley, California
Jordi Brotons. Retired Professor of Mathematics, Alcoi, Spain
Darin C. Brown. Graduate Student, Mathematics, University of California, Santa Barbara
Douglas W. Brown. MD, Portland, Maine
Janet Brown. PhD, UCLA, Los Angeles
Paul Brown. J.D., MPP, Houston Texas
Raymond K. Brown. MD, author, AIDS, Cancer & the Medical Establishment
Ronald Brown. Biology Teacher, Table Grove, Illinois
Tony Brown. MSW, Journalist, Founding Dean of the School of Communications at Howard University; Coordinator of the historic Walk To Freedom March with Martin Luther King, Jr.; Producer and host of Tony Browns Journal on PBS; Advisor to the Harvard Foundation for Intercultural and Race Relations; Author, Black Lies, White Lies
Wayne E. Brown. Registered Pharmacist, Houston, Texas
Dr. Paolo Brunetti. Societ Editrice Andromeda, Bologna, Italy
Deanna Buck. Neuroscience Researcher, National Institutes of Health (NIH), Bethesda, Maryland, Blanchette Rockefeller Neuroscience Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Rockville, Maryland
Patrick Buck. Lecturer in Chemistry, University of Nebraska
Otto Buerckner. Heilpraktiker, Warstein, Germany
Anne Buffardi. MPH, International Program Manager, University of Washington Center for Aids Research, Seattle
Frank Buianouckas. PhD, Professor of Mathematics, City University of New York
Svetoslav Bulatov. MD, D.Hom, Johannesburg, South Africa
Derwin Michael Bullard. MS Ed in counseling; Doctoral candidate in Clinical Psychology, Far Rockaway, New York
William Burchette. JD, Elkin, North Carolina
Roberto Burciaga. M.A., Guadalajara, Mexico
David Burd. US Patent Examiner in Medical Technology, Chevy Chase, Maryland
Lydia Burdick. M.Sc., Clinical Psychology, New York. Author, The Sunshine on My Face – A Read-Aloud Book for Memory-Challenged Adults
Rudolf Burg. MD, Kirchstetten, Austria
John B. Burgin. DDS, Crowley, Louisiana
Ernesto Burgio. MD, Pediatrician, Palermo, Italy
Andrew Burgoyne. Hypnotherapist, Launceston, UK
Jennie Burke. MD, Sydney, Australia
Elinor Burkett. Journalist, Miami Herald
Robert A. Burns. Graduate Student in Molecular Biology, University of New Brunswick, Canada
Randall Burns. M.Sc, Washougal, Washington
Kayla Burrows. Drug Action Service, a drugs/AIDS hotline, Nassau, Bahamas
Scott Bussom. Medical Student, University of Bridgeport College Of Naturopathic Medicine, Connecticut
Jabulani Buthelezi. Engineer, Johannesburg, South Africa
Jacqueline Butler. PhD, Psychologist, Nashville, Tennessee
Peter J. Buxtun. San Francisco, Public Health Service venereal disease interviewer who blew the whistle on the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment
Michael Buyinza. MD, Psychiatrist, Buffalo, New York. Former NIMH fellow. Also MPH, completing a PhD in Public Health at New York University
Stephen C. Byrnes. PhD, Natural Therapist and Nutritionist, Honolulu, author, Overcoming AIDS with Natural Medicine
Liz Byrski. Author, Facing Cancer-Searching for Solutions and other books. Adjunct Teaching Fellow, Curtin University of Technology. Winner, CSIRO Award for Excellence in Science Journalism (1996), Fremantle, Western Australia
Guillermo Caba. Journalist, Spain
Ermenegildo Caccese. PhD, Mathematician, University of Basilicata, Italy
Marco Caceres. Co-founder, Project Honduras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras
Stephen Caiazza. MD, New York internist
Marina Caldas. Medical Journalist, Lisbon, Portugal
Susan E. Caliri. DDS, Berkeley, California
Melinda Calleira. President, American Association of Science & Public Policy, Los Angeles, California
Dennis Cambly. Managing Editor, Times 10 Magazine, Edmonton, Canada
Dan Cameron Rodill. Journalist, former correspondent for CBS News, New York City
Robert Campbell. Hiv-Aids Social Worker, Brooklyn, New York
Joseph Campbell. PhD, Nutritionist, Victoria, BC, Canada
Andrea Campisano. Graduate Student, Biotechnology, Universit degli Studi di Catania, Italy
Dr. Nicolas Campos. Naturopathic physician, Chiropractor, Los Angeles, Degree in Molecular Biology from UC Berkeley
Alvaro E. Campos. Attorney, Bogot, Colombia
Jose Canas. Licensed Practical Nurse, Brentwood, New York
Alton L. Cannon. Attorney, Leitchfield, Kentucky
Mikhail Cannon. Nurse, Research Manager, Oncology Unit, Huddersfield Royal Infirmary, West Yorkshire, UK
Frank Cannonito. PhD, Professor Emeritus of Mathematics, University of California, Irvine
Nghia Cao. MD, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Dominique Caouette . PhD, Cornell University; Asst. Professor, University of Montral. Former Lecturer, University of Ottawa. Former Program Officer, Inter Pares
Peter Capainolo . M.Phil, Adjunct Faculty, Dept. of Biology, City College of The City University of New York; Scientific Assistant, Division of Vertebrate Zoology – Ornithology, American Museum of Natural History, New York City; Research Associate, Long Island Natural History Museum
Roberto Cappelletti. MD, Specialist in Orthopaedics and Senior Surgeon, Hospital of Mezzolombardo, Italy. Former Director of Orthopaedic Department, Dodoma Regional Hospital
Russel Capra. Physicist, Porto Alegre, Brazil
Joseph Capriotti. MD, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Jose Carboneras. Naturopathic medical practitioner, Valencia, Spain
Felipe Crdenas Tmara. M.Sc., H.D., Di Hom, Assoc. Professor of Ecology, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogot, Colombia. Former Instructor, British Institute of Homeopathy. Author, Manual de Gestin Ambiental, Paisajes culturales: enfoques antropolgicos para la comprensin de la relacin-ecosistema cultura and other books
Anne Carl. Law Student, Tuscon, Arizona. Recipient of the Andrew Silverman Community Service Award
Kent Carlander. Instructor, Santa Barbara College of Oriental Medicine, California
Alejandro J. Carmona. DDS, Mexico City
Casey Carter. MBA, Pinehurst, North Carolina
Rhys B. Cartwright-Jones. Attorney, Cleveland, Ohio
John Carville. Language Editor, International Peace Research Institute, Oslo, Norway
Jos Vicente Casas Daz. MD, Secretary General of the Ministry of Social Protection, Colombia
Raffaele Cascone. PhD, Research Director, Henri Laborit Institute of Systemic Therapy, Rome, Italy
Doug Casey. Editor, The International Speculator, Author of the #1 NY Times bestseller, Crisis Investing [Says he has seen no evidence of an Aids plague anywhere in Africa] Leo Cashman. Health and Environmental Journalist; President, DAMS Intl. (Dental Amalgam Mercury Syndrome); Co-founder, National Health Freedom Coalition. Minneapolis, Minnesota
Fabio Casiroli. Founder, Systematica Italy; Teaches Urban Planning at Politecnico di Milano, Italy
Chiara Castellani. M.Sc., Physics, Rome, Italy
Beatriz Castiglioni. Psychoanalyst, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Dr. Robert Cathcart. San Francisco, California
Hiram Caton. PhD, Ethicist, Head of the School of Applied Ethics at Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia
Ivor Catt. M.A., St. Albans, UK
Sergio Cattani. Pharmacist, Trento, Italy
David Causer. PhD, Department of Medical Physics, Royal Perth Hospital, University of Western Australia
Federica Ceccarini. PhD, Psychology, Universit degli Studi di Padova, Italy
Paolo Celli. Physicist, Parma, Italy
Jorge Chacon. Universidad de Guadalajara, Mexico. Co-author, Estrategias de lectura: tecnicas para mejorar la velocidad y la comprension
Dr. Leon Chaitow. D.O., N.D., M.R.O., Osteopathic Physician, Naturopath, Acupuncturist, UK. Senior Lecturer, University of Westminster, London. Director of Research and Senior Therapeutic Advisor for the THERA (Therapy, Health Education and Research Association) Trust. Author of over 50 books including The Acupuncture Treatment of Pain, Amino Acids in Therapy and Probiotics
Asit K. Chakraborty. PhD, Omaha, Nebraska
Dipankar Chakrovorty. Journalist, New Delhi, India
Camille Chalmers. Professor of Economics, Universit dEtt, Port au Prince, Haiti. Executive Secretary, PAPDA – the Platform for the Advocacy of Alternative Development in Haiti. Director of former President Jean Bertrand Aristides staff
Jack G. Chamberlain. PhD, Berkeley, California
Dr. Jimmy Chamorro. Honorable Senator, Colombian Republic (AIDS without HIV: A new path for researching in the next century)
Ching-Chee Chan. PhD in physical chemistry, University of Manchester, UK, 1967; AIDS researcher and writer, Canada
Dennis Chaney. PhD, Chaney Scientific Inc. Burlingame, California
Mark Chanley. PhD, Department of Biological Sciences, University of North Texas
Simon Chapman. PhD, Professor of Public Health, University of Sydney, Australia [Says there is little or no risk to heterosexuals] Christine Charlton. Nurse, Norton, UK
Ronald M. Chase. MD, Physician, Hauppauge, New York
Robert B. Chatelle. B.A., Harvard University; Writer, Boston, Massachusetts. Chair of the Political Issues Committee of the National Writers Union
Garga Chatterjee. MBBS, Physician, Calcutta, India
Siafa Chauke. Senior Law Student, University of South Africa
Arturo Chavez. Biologist, State Secretary of Urbanism and Environment, Michoacan, Mexico
David Che. DDS, Chicago, Illinois
William Chegwidden. Medical Journalist/Translator, Le Mans, France
Mark Chen. Teaching Assistant, Psychology, University of Hull, UK
Paul Cheney. MD, PhD, internist, North Carolina
Nicholas Chester. PhD, Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
Vishal Chhabra. Psychiatrist, Bangalore, India
Donna Chiarelli. Womens Health Interaction, Ottawa, Canada. Co-author, Uncommon Questions: A Feminist Exploration of AIDS
Shih-Chang Chien. M. Sc. Chemist, National Taiwan University, Taipei
Wallace Chigona. PhD, Lecturer, University of Cape Town, South Africa
John Child. M.A., Cape Town, South Africa
Mukai Chimutengwende-Gordon. Fifth-year medical student at Bristol University, England
Rupa Chinai. Journalist, The Times of India
Richard Chirimuuta. Co-author AIDS, Africa and Racism
Vivian Chong. News Editor, Ming Pao newspaper, Toronto, Canada
Frederick Chosson. PhD, Physics and Engineering Science, Toulouse, France
Ramesh S. Chouhan. PhD, MBBS, FICMCH, Himabindu Foundation, Bangalore, India
William Choulos. Attorney, San Francisco, California
Peter Chowka. Journalist, Writer, alternative medicine expert who has appeared on NBC, PBS, ABC and CBC. Advisor to U.S. Congress Office of Technology Assessment, U.S. Senate Select Committee on Nutrition and National Institutes of Health (NIH) Office of Alternative Medicine
Lorna Christensen. M.A., M.S.W., LCSW, Psychotherapist, La Jolla, California
Claudia Christian. MA, LPC, CACIII, Licensed professional counselor; addiction specialist, Denver, Colorado
Lynge Carlshollt Christiansen. PhD, Molecular Biologist, Copenhagen, Denmark
Mattheos Christoforidis. MD, Dept. of Neuropathology, University of Leipzig, Germany
Christo Christov. Dipl.-Eng. Engineer, Brno, Czech Republic
Christina Cianci. Molecular Biologist, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Prof. Guido Ciccarone. MD, Rome, Italy
D. Rachael Cicone. Laboratory Manager, Boston, Massachusetts
Felix Cifire. PhD, Scientist, Molecular Tumor Genetics Group, Max-Delbruck-Center for Molecular Medicine, Berlin, Germany; formerly with Institute of Medical Virology, Charit School of Medicine, Humboldt University, Berlin
Gary Cifra. President, Alliance for Research Accountability, Los Angeles, California
Randy Cima. PhD, Psychologist, Riverside, California
Roger Clague. Private Tutor of Math and Science, Birmingham, UK
Frank Clare. Film Maker, San Francisco, California
Hulda R. Clark. PhD Physiology, ND, author, The Cure for HIV and AIDS and other books
Timothy J. Clark. RN, Lexington, North Carolina
Marlene Clarke. Western North Carolina Aids Project, Asheville
Mara Jess Clavera Ortiz. MD, Pediatrician, Dipl. in Epidemiology and Environmental Health; Research Director, Niima Clinic, Barcelona, Spain; Associate, Medical Autism Center of Barcelona; Member, National Epidemiological Commission of the Toxico Syndrome
Sandra Clay. M.A., Palos Verdes, California
John Claydon. D.Hom, Tunbridge Wells, UK
Vittorio Clementi. Meteorologist, Rome, Italy
Vernita Clinton. Grad. Student, Student teacher, Chemistry Dept., Western Illinois University
Matteo Codecasa. Engineer, Milano, Italy
Jennigay Coetzer. Journalist, Johannesburg, South Africa
Joo Quadros Coimbra. Professor of Data Processing, Fundao de Apoio Escola Tcnica, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Luigi Colaianni. PhD, RomaTre University, Milano, Italy
Jos Colastra. Naturopathic Doctor, Madrid, Spain
Luciana Colavecchia. M.Sc., Campobasso, Italy
Annemarie Colbin. PhD, Nutritionist, New York. Author, Food and Healing, Food and Our Bones: How to Prevent Osteoporosis Naturally and other books
Lawrence Cole. Electrical Engineer, Pasadena, California
Leslie Cole. M.Sc., Former Adjunct Professor, New Jersey City University. Union, New Jersey
Toby Cole. Engineer, Durham, North Carolina
Bob Coleman. PhD, Independent Researcher, Dallas, Texas
Deane Collie. Executive Director, International Coalition for Medical Justice, Arlington, Virginia
Justin Collum. Engineer, Portland, Oregon
Tamara L. Colton. PhD, Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, Steele Memorial Children’s Research Center, University of Arizona
Christopher Combs. RN, Physician Assistant, Howell, Michigan
Jill Combs. M.S., CRNA (Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist), Howell, Michigan
William Conklin. M.A., Denver, Colorado
Mark Gabrish Conlan. Editor, Zengers Magazine, San Diego, California
Don Conrad. PhD Student, University of Chicago. B.S. Biochemistry, Dartmouth College. M.Sc. in Epidemiology, Stanford University
Anthony Cook. PhD, PGCE, Manchester, United Kingdom
Colleen Cook. R.N., Wilmington, Delaware
Patrick A. Cooke. Dept. Biology, Univ. North Texas, Denton, Texas
Delaine Cools. Social Worker, Durban, South Africa
Lesley Cooper. Ph.D., Medical Sociology, University of Essex, UK
Kevin Corbett. PhD, Senior Lecturer in Primary Care, St. Georges Hospital Medical School and Kingston University, London UK
Kevin D. Cordi. M.A., Hanford, California
Thomas J. Cornell. Associate Professor of Biology, Mott College, Flint, Michigan
Gervasio Coronel. M.Sc., Facultad Departamento de Fsica, Informtica y Matemticas, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru
Agustino Correa. Engineer and architect, Zimapan, Mexico
Daniel J. Corson. MFA, Seattle, Washington
Alejandro Corvo. MD, PhD, Miami, Florida
Curtis Cost. Black activist and author of What Is Safe Sex In The Age of AIDS?
Dr. Enric Costa. MD, Valencia, Spain; Author, SIDA: Juicio a un virus inocente (AIDS: An innocent virus on trial)
Neus Costabella. MD, Barcelona, Spain
Saverio Costanzo. Film Director, Rome, Italy
H. Cottier. Prof., MD
Marcello Cotugno. Film Director, Roma, Italy
Harris L. Coulter. PhD, Author, Homeopathic Physician
Andrea Coulter. HD, RHom DHHP, Doctor of Medical Heilkunst and Homeopathy, Thorndale, Canada
Jeanne Couture. Registered Nurse, M.S. Nurse educator, Clinical Nurse specialist, Troy, New York
Roger Covin. M.Sc., PhD Candidate, Psychology Faculty, University of Western Ontario, Canada
Luke Cowie. M.Sc., Medical Anthropology, PhD candidate, Science and Technology Studies Unit, University of York, UK
J. Mark Cox. DDS, Midland, Texas
James P. Coyne. Author, Weston, Florida
Mark Craddock. PhD, Senior Research Associate, School of Mathematical Sciences, University of Technology, Sydney, Australia
Barrie M Craven. PhD, Reader in Public Accountability, Newcastle Business School, University of Northumbria, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Jean-jacques Crevecoeur. Therapeutic trainer and medical lecturer, Belgium. Author, Le Langage de la gurison, Prenez soin de vous, n’attendez pas que les autres le fassent, Evoluer pour gurir and many other books about health.
David Crowe. HBSc Biology/Mathematics. Writer on health issues for Alive magazine, and others. President of the Alberta Reappraising AIDS Society. Member of the technical advisory board of AnotherLook. Co-founder, CFO and former President of the Green Party of Alberta
Jason Cruz. Biology M.S. Student, West Chester, Pennsylvania
Michael Culbert. D.Sc., Vice President, American Biologics/Robert W. Bradford Research Institute; Author, AIDS: Hope, Hoax and Hoopla
Chase Culeman-beckman. Graduate Student, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York
Rebecca Veronica Culshaw. M.Sc. Mathematics, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Joseph Cummings. MA Dept. of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts
Roger Cunningham. PhD, Microbiologist, Director, Centre for Immunology, School of Medicine, State University of New York at Buffalo
Santiago Currea. MD, Director, Departamento de Pediatra, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogot
Timothy Cuthbertson. PhD, Biochemistry, University of Arizona
Julianne Cutler. Registered Kinesiology Practitioner and Instructor, Melbourne, Australia
Milivoje Cvetkovic. PhD, Immunology, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
Timothy Cwiek. Writer, Philadelphia
Robert D’Amours. Author; Creator of Rapanese the musical method of learning languages. San Francisco, California
Ciro DAniello. Documentary Film Maker, Bologna, Italy
Wilfred D’Costa. National Secretary, Indian Social Action Forum. Co-author, State and Repressive Culture – A Case Study of Gujarat. Ahmedabad, India
Christiana Pires da Costa. Clinical Psychologist, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Don Dagenais. Attorney, Kansas City, Missouri
Kees Dam. MD, Physician, Editor, Journal for Classical Homeopathy. Amsterdam, Netherlands
Alicia Damiano. PhD, Molecular Biology, Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Buenos Aires, Argentina
Jean-luc Damians. Managing Director, Connect Africa, Johannesburg, SA
Pelle Danabo. M.A., Instructor, University of Kansas at Lawrence
M.A. Daniel. Television Writer and Research Director, Gladstone, Oregon
Frank Daniels. PhD, Professor of Mathematics, Great Basin College, Nevada
Cynthia Daniels. M.Sc., PhD candidate, Microbiology, Chicago, Illinois
Guy Danjoint. Wicomico County Health Department, Salisbury, Maryland
Simon Erling Nitter Dankel. Graduate student, Institute of Biomedicine, University of Bergen, Norway
Simon Erling Nitter Dankel. M.Sc. student, Human Nutrition, Institute of Biomedicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Bergen, Norway
Maurice G. Dantec. Science fiction novelist, Montreal. Author of Villa Vortex and other books
Bikul Das. MD, Research Fellow at the University of Torontos Hospital for Sick Children; Author, The Science Behind Squalene
Hywel Davies. MD, Cardiologist, Pueblo West, Colorado
Paul Davis. Electrical Engineer, Arcadia, California
Patrick Davis. PhD, Asst. Professor, Dept. of Counseling and Educational Development, University of North Carolina at Greensboro
M. Henri Day. MD, PhD, Senior Consultant in Psychiatry, Oslo, Norway
Philip Day. Co-author, World Without Aids
Maria Dayton. PhD, Harvard University, Molecular Biologist, San Diego, California
Nelson Daza. MD, UIS-Santander University School of Medicine, Bucaramanga, Colombia
Richard De Andrea. MD, ND, Medical Advisor, Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine
Elieth Gomez De Avellaneda. N.D., Bucaramanga, Colombia
Graham N. De Bever. Medical Student, Cape Town, South Africa
Francesco De Capitani. Journalist, Rome, Italy
Mauricio De Castro-Costa. MD, PhD, Professor of Neurology and Physiology, University Hospital and Department of Physiology, Universidad Federal do Ceara, Ceara, Brazil
Etienne De Harven. MD, Emeritus Professor of Pathology, University of Toronto
Marta Carpintero De Jimeno. MSc, Laboratorio Qumico de Monitoreo Ambiental (LAQMA). Bogot, Colombia
Charles De Jongh. D.Litt, lecturer in Biblical and Pastoral Studies at Baptist Theological College, Cape Town, South Africa
Yancy De Lathouder. M.S., Chemistry, Palo Alto, California
Richard De Lisle. DC, Chiropractor, Leominster, Massachusetts
Chiara De Luca. PhD, Cell Aging Center of the IDI Research Institute, Rome
Luigi De Marchi. Clinical and Social Psychologist, President of the Italian Society of Political Psychology. Co-author of Aids, la grande truffa (AIDS, the great swindle)
Laura Helena De Sanchez. Homeopathic Doctor, Guadalajara, Mexico
Myriam Alvarez De Sotomayor. MD, Gynaecologist, Hospital of Lanzarote, Lanzarote, Canary Islands
Goats up an Afran tree looking for fruit and avoiding the fierce sharp toothed raging defenders of the HIV faith looking to take a bite out of their hide Nhora Merino De Villegas. MD, Head of the Laboratory of Pathology and Clinical Laboratory of the Fundacian Santa Fe de Bogota, Colombia
Prem Deben. PhD, Herbalist and Hypnotherapist, Washington, D.C.
Dan Debrunner. MA Physics, University of Oxford, UK. Oakland, California
Raymond Decanio. Graduate Student, University of Cincinnati, Ohio
Rex Decker. RN, Lakeland, Florida
Thomas Deflo. M.A., Journalist, Brussels, Belgium
Alfonso Del Alamo. Managing Director for Emergency Service, City Council of Madrid, Spain
Luis Del Castillo. MD, Anesthesiologist, Calexico California
Ray Delaforce. Engineer, Lake Jackson, Texas
Julie Delahanty. Researcher and Programme Manager, Rural Advancement Foundation International (RAFI). Co-author, Gender and Jobs in Chinas New Economy. Quebec, Canada
Kenneth Delaughder. M.A., Instructor in Communications, Emporia State University, Kansas
Leonel Isidro Delgado. MD, Surgeon, Mexico City
Leopoldo Della Ciana. PhD, Chemist, President and Scientific Director, Cyanagen srl, Bologna, Italy; former Postdoctoral Fellow, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, former Senior Research Scientist at IGEN, Rockville, Maryland and Research Group Leader, SORIN Biomedica, Saluggia, Italy
Cad Delworth. Engineer, Edinburgh, UK
Marc Delzac. Biomedical engineer, Copenhagen, Denmark
James DeMeo. PhD, Director, Orgone Biophysical Research Lab, Ashland, Oregon
Alois Dengg. MD, Mayrhofen, Austria
Ola Deraker. Journalist, Sdertlje, Sweden
Richard Derosa. Engineer, San Jose, California
Marc Deru. MD, Vis, Belgium
Amy L. Deshane. M.A., M.S., Human Development, Bangor, Maine
Dr. N.T. Deshmukh. Nagpur, India
Nathaniel Devereaux. Psychiatric Technician/Case Manager, Oakland, California
Pietro Speroni Di Fenizio. M.Sc., PhD candidate, Visiting Researcher, School of Cognitive and Computing Sciences, University of Sussex, Brighton. Author, A less abstract artificial chemistry in Artificial Life VII, (Bedau, McCaskill, Packard, Rasmussen, eds.), MIT Press, 2000
Paolo Di Virgilio. Engineer, Rome, Italy
Amatta Sangho Diabate. Asst. Professor of Economics, Georgia State University
Juan Mauricio Diaz Rata. Dentist, Bucaramanga, Colombia
Gordon Dickson. J.D., Santa Monica, California
Tom DiFerdinando. HBCS, Specialist in lymphology and body work, Executive Director of HEAL-New York
Jennifer Dillon. DC, Charlotte, North Carolina
Jan Dingemans. Homeopath, Waalwijk, Netherlands
Michelle Dinh-Jones. RN, Oncology nurse, formerly with NHS, UK. Hanoi, Vietnam
Marlowe Dittlebrandt. MD, Portland, Oregon
Pauline Dixon. PhD, Lecturer, University of Northumbria; International Research Co-ordinator, University of Newcastle, UK
Sheri Dixon. Journalist, Nutritional Therapist, Director, The Metabolic Typing Centre. Manchester, UK
Andrey Dmitrevskiy . Science Journalist, Moscow, Russia. Co-author of the Russian book, Aids. Sentence Abolished
Alan David Doane. Broadcast Journalist, Glens Falls, New York
Tee Dobinson-Morris. Journalist, speaker; formerly Mind-Body expert for Health & Fitness Magazine. London, UK
Tracy Dobson. J.D., Professor, Dept. of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University
Matthew Dodman. San Francisco Department of Public Health-AIDS Office
Hortense Dodo. PhD, Professor of Food Biotechnology, Alabama A&M University, Huntsville, Alabama
Dirk Doering. MD, Bremen, Germany
Hansin Dogan. M.A., Program Officer, United Nations Development Program, Turkey
Brian Doherty. Journalist, Senior Editor, Reason Magazine
Anthony Dolson-fazio. M.S., Acupuncturist, Herbalist, Ithaca, New York
Warren Domask. Journalist, Houston, Texas
Laureano A. Domnguez. Journalist, Matar, Spain
Brigitte Don. Nurse, Norden, Germany
John R. Donald. MB ChB, Anaesthetist, Institute of Neurological Science, Glasgow, Scotland
Michael Donio. B.Sc, Molecular Biology, MPA. Hiv-Aids researcher, Newark, New Jersey. Formerly Director of Projects, People’s Medical Society
Kathy Donnelly. Clinical Counsellor, Victoria, BC
Leslie Donovan. PhD Student, North Sydney, Canada
Norluck Dorange. Journalist, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Meryl Dorey. President, The Australian Vaccination Network
Thomas A. Dorman. MD, San Luis Obispo, California
Jennifer Dorn. Journalist, Author, Denver, Colorado
Peter Doshi. Grad. Student, Harvard University
Peter Doube. Melbourne, Australia, Former Social Research Assistant, MacFarlane Burnet Centre for Medical Research
Hank Doughty II. J.D., New York
Allen B. Downey. PhD, Professor of Computer Science, Colby College, Waterville, Maine
Kathryn Downing. M.A., M.F.T., Marriage and Family Therapist, Burbank, California
Marisa Drago. Midwife, Barcelona, Spain
Brenda Dreyer. Doctor of Social Work, advisor to the government of South Africa
Edwin Dreyer. CEO, Biometric Technologies, South Africa
Moira Drosdovech. DVM, Kelowna, BC, Canada
Ernest Drucker. PhD, Montefiore Medical Center/Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, NY [Says Hiv is not transmitted by penile-vaginal sex] Andrea G. Drusini. MD, Medical Anthropologist, University of Padova, Italy
Doug DuBrul. Journalist, San Diego, California
Marianne Duckerts. MD, Pediatrician, Gouvy, Belgium
Bernard Ducret. Mathematician, CERN Laboratories. Leaz, France
Peter Dudek. PhD candidate Immunology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
Tom Dudley. Biology Instructor, Angelina College, Lufkin, Texas; Author of a botany laboratory manual, a statistics textbook, and the novel Black Cottage
Barton Dudlick. Editor, Radiologic Clinics of North America and other books, Elsevier – Saunders/Mosby Medical Publishing
Peter Duesberg. PhD, Professor of Molecular Biology, University of California, member, National Academy of Sciences, first to map the genetic structure of retroviruses. Five-time recipient of the National Institutes of Healths Outstanding Investigator Grant. Author, Inventing the AIDS Virus.
Hilde Duesberg. MD, Berlin, Germany
David Duffett. Engineer, Aculab, Buckingham, UK
Peter Duffie. Writer, author of Subtle Miracles and many other books about magic tricks. Glasgow, UK
Dr. Daniel H. Duffy. Sr., D.C., Geneva, Ohio. Former chiropractic doctor to the Cleveland Indians baseball team
Chris Duffy. Instructor, North Harris Montgomery Community College, Texas
Dr. Eric Dugan. Centerville, Virginia
Mark Dumaine. Engineer, Clackamas, Oregon
Marion Dumont. M.A., PhD Student, California Institute of Integral Studies, San Francisco
Biodun Durojaiye. Journalist, Lagos, Nigeria
Edward Dvorak. Journalist, Committee on US-Latin American Relations, Ithaca, New York
Stuart W. Dwyer. MD, part time district surgeon (forensic medical officer), Grahamstown, South Africa
Bryan Dyson. Ecological Engineer, New Orleans, Louisiana
Michael East. MBA, Harvard University
Nikolaus Eberl. PhD, Author, The Seven Secrets of IziCwe. Johannesburg, South Africa
Jack Ebner. PhD Biophysiology, Kailua-Kona, Hawaii
Fabien Eboussi Boulaga. Cameroonian Philosopher, author, La crise du Muntu, Christianity without fetishes: an African critique and recapture of Christianity and many other books
Sonja Ebron. PhD, Professor of Engineering, Hampton University, Virginia
Virgilio Ecarma. Herbalist, Director of The Ecarma Wellness Center (an Aids treatment center), Manila, Philippines
Mark Eccles. Natural Health Care practitioner, Edinburgh, UK
Karen Eck. M.T., ASCP, Medical Technologist, Baker City, Oregon. Co-author, The Indigo Children
Chris Edeh. Engineer, HND, MNSE, COREN, Abuja, Nigeria
Johannes Edelhoff. Geographer and Urban Planner, Berlin, Germany
Ezra Edgerton. DC, Tryon, North Carolina, Chiropractic Physician
Steve Edison. PhD, University of Arkansas, Little Rock
Gordon J. Edlin. PhD, Professor of Biochemistry and Physics, University of Hawaii
Nigel Edwards. MA, Journalist, England
Madrid Efrain. Engineer, Toluca, Mexico
Gil Egger. Editor in Chief, GHI newspaper, Geneva Switzerland
Bert Ehgartner . Medical Journalist, Documentary Filmmaker, Asperhofen, Austria. Co-author, Das Medizinkartell. Die sieben Todsnden der Gesundheitsindustrie (The Medicine Cartel. The Seven Deadly Sins of the Health Industry); Author, Die Lebensformel (The Life Formula)
Lois J. Einhorn. PhD, Professor of English, Binghamton University, New York. Author, Abraham Lincoln the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend, Helen Keller, the Speaker, The Native American Oral Tradition and other books. Received the Distinguished Research Fellow and Distinguished Teaching Fellow awards of the Eastern Communications Association, the Outstanding Professor Award from the National Speakers Association, the Everett Lee Hunt Book Award and many other honors
Martine Affre Eisenlohr. Geological Engineer, Marseilles, France
Mark W. Eisner. Kinesiotherapist/ Exercise Physiologist, Norwalk, California
Martin Eitel. PhD, Attorney, Potsdam, Germany
Richard Ekpat. MD, Holistic Health Practitioner and Certified Specialized Kinesiologist, Pasadena, California
Karim El Bakkouri. PhD, Molecular Biologist, Universit Libre de Bruxelles, Institut de Recherche Interdisciplinaire en Biologie humaine et molculaire (IRIBHM), Brussels, Belgium
Jos Elkink. PhD, Political Science, Trinity College, Dublin; Leiden, Netherlands
Bryan J. Ellison. Author, Molecular Biology grad student, Berkeley, California
Michael Ellner. PhD, medical hypnotherapist and educator, President, HEAL, New York. Named Educator of the Year by the National Guild of Hypnotists (1995) and the National Federation of NeuroLinguistic Psychologists (1997)
Tarek Elsherif. PhD, Molecular Biologist, Technische Universitt Mnchen, Munich, Germany
Alfredo Embid. Acupuncturist, Coordinator of the Spanish Association of Complementary Medicines and Editor of their Holistic Medicine magazine, Madrid
Ron Endley. M.Sc., M.Phil, Oxford University. Instructor, Thammasat University, Bangkok, Thailand. Chairman, South African-Thai Chamber of Commerce
Dr. Edwin Engel. Austrian Academy of Sciences. Salzburg
Edwin Engel. M.Sc., Freilassing, Germany
Torsten Engelbrecht. Hamburg-based Journalist for The Ecologist and other magazines and newspapers; former financial editor, Financial Times, Germany.
Mohammad Entezampour. PhD, Dept. Biology Univ. North Texas, Denton, Texas
David Epstein. D.O., Osteopathic Physician, Atlanta, Georgia
Lori Errico-seaman. PhD Student, Grad. Student Instructor, University of Michigan
Rafael Escribano. PhD, Dept. Spanish & Portuguese, University of California. Riverside, Texas
Antonio Garcia-Monsalve Escria. Attorney, Public Prosecutor, Madrid, Spain
Nria Escud. M.Psc., MTR, Psychotherapist, Barcelona, Spain
Noemi Escuder. Holistic Therapist, Kinesiologist, Barcelona, Spain
Rafael Espericueta. Professor, former Chair, Dept. of Mathematics, Bakersfield College, Bakersfield, California, Instructor, University of Phoenix, formerly senior programmer in the Brain Imaging Lab at the University of California, Irvine Medical School
Javier Espinosa. Engineer, Windhoek, Namibia
Gladys Espinosa. M.Sc., Epidemiologist, Bogota Department of Health, Colombia
Luis Espinoza. Traditional Bolivian healer, Director, Janajpacha Spiritual Center, Author, Chamalu. The Shamanic Way of the Heart. Traditional Teachings from the Andes
Robert Essertier. Former Mayor, City of Hermosa Beach, California
Rudy Estrada. JD, Attorney, Chicago, Illinois
Daniel Ettedgui. D.O., Osteopathic physician, Board Certified Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Boca Raton, Florida
Valerio Evangelisti. Novelist, essayist, Bologna, Italy. Author of the Science Fiction novels Nicolas Eymerich, inquisitore, Cherudek, Picatrix, la scala per linferno, Magus – Il romanzo di Nostradamus and others. Awarded the Urania, Prix Italia, French Grand Prix de lImaginaire, Prix Tour Eiffel and Prix Europe prizes for literature
Bruce D Evans. PhD, Assoc. Prof. Biology, Huntington College, Indiana
Lance Evoy. Director, Institute in Management and Community Development, Concordia University, Montreal, Canada
Chidi Ezeihu. MD, Atlanta, Georgia
Paul N. Ezeji. PhD., Asst. Professor, Dept of Health Science Education, Morris College, Sumter, South Carolina
Trish Fahey. Health and science writer, co-author, The Metabolic Typing Diet
Lawrence A. Falk. Jr., PhD, Virologist, Abbott Labs, Consultant NCI, Chicago, Illinois
Lynn Fall (ne Gannett). Former Data Manager, phase III clinical trials of AZT (1987-1990)
Monique Fanfan. Journalist, Queens Village, New York
Heather Faraone. Candidate, MS Public Health, New York, NY
Celia Farber. Journalist, New York
Barry Farber. Journalist, Talk Show Host, New York. Author of the bestseller, How to Not Make the Same Mistake Once and other books
Misti Farler. Director of adult education, Sexual Assault Counseling and Information Service, Illinois
Tish Farrell. Author, Rochester, UK
Heather Farris. Attorney, Irving, Texas
Sami E. Fathalla. MD, PhD, Damman, Saudi Arabia
James Feast. PhD, New York University, former Assistant Editor of the Journal of the History of Philosophy
Jeffrey Fedorko. DC, Canton, Ohio
Brendan Feeley. M.A., N.D., Naturopathic, Homeopathic physician, Washington, DC
Martin Feldman. MD, Assistant Clinical Professor of Neurology at Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, graduate of Columbia Universitys College of Physicians and Surgeons, author of more than 50 articles published in peer-reviewed medical journals
Luis Antonio Feliciano-Hernndez. MD, Psychiatrist, San Juan, Puerto Rico
David Fellows. Surgical Physicians Assistant, Copley, Ohio
Dan Fendel. B.A. (summa cum laude) Harvard University, PhD, Yale; Professor of Mathematics, San Francisco State University; Primary author, Foundations of Higher Mathematics: Exploration and Proof.
Di Feng. Doctoral student, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey
Mar Fernndez-Nieto. MD, Granada, Spain
Domenico Ferrari. Playwright and author, Milano, Italy. Co-author of the play and book, Virus: L’invenzione della Realt
Phillip Ferreira. PhD, Dept. of Philosophy, Kutztown University, Pennsylvania
Scott Ferrell. Key West, Florida, M.S., Microbiology & Immunology, University of Rochester
Eduardo Ferreyra. Cordoba, Argentina, President, Fundacion Argentina de Ecologia Cientifica (Argentine Foundation for a Scientific Ecology)
Michael Ferrier. M.A., Denver, Colorado
Gary Ferrini. Professor of Sociology, University of Colorado at Boulder
Dr. Elena Ferro. Water and Atmospheric Resources official, Government of Turin province, Italy
Ntlanganiso Fesi. Attorney, Engineer, Member of Standing Advisory Committee of Intellectual Property for Minister of Trade and Industry, Govt. of South Africa
Jamie Fettig. Chiropractic Physician, ACA, ICA, Chicago
Kenneth Feucht. MD., PhD, Surgeon, Anatomist, Cell Biologist, Puyallup, Washington
Donna Fezler. Inventor, Microbiologist, Jacksonville, Illinois. Holds patent for Rhea extract and discovered the ATP Pathway
Christian Fiala. MD, Gynaecologist, General Public Hospital, Korneuburg, Austria
Christopher J. Fields. PhD Student, Biology, Univ. North Texas, Denton
James A. Fimea. PhD, Laguna Beach, California; Adjunct Faculty, Orange Coast College, Costa Mesa, California
Jennifer Finocchio. Documentary Film Maker, Journalist, Los Angeles, California
Sandra Finucane. Attorney, Cincinnati, Ohio
Jaime Fiol. Dental Surgeon and Professor of Biology and Dentistry, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Independent investigator of Cancer and Aids. Author, Teora Inflamatoria del Cncer
Vincenzo Fiorentini. PhD, Assoc. Professor of Physics, University of Cagliari, Italy; Director, Sardinian Laboratory for Computational Materials Science; Awarded Alexander von Humboldt Research Fellowship (1998)
Monika Fischer. Pediatric Nurse and Homeopath, Mendrisio, Switzerland
Jonathan M. Fishbein. MD. Former Director, Office for Clinical Research Policy at the Division of AIDS (DAIDS) at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease (NIAID), the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) [Thinks Nevirapine is a very dangerous medicine that was approved based on improperly conducted studies. Also doubts that the Hiv tests are valid] Jeffrey A. Fisher. MD, Pathologist, Mendham, New Jersey, author, The Plague Makers
Richard A. Fisher. DDS, Naturopath, Annandale, Virginia. Former Clinical Instructor, Georgetown University School of Dentistry, former President, International Academy of Oral Medicine and Toxicology
Daniel Fitzgerald. Biochemist, University of Liverpool, England
Eirik Fjeldal. Graduate Student, Kristiansand, Norway
Scott D. Flamm. MD, San Francisco, California
Anthony Fleg. Medical Student, University of North Carolina
Luis Daniel Flores. MD, Posadas, Argentina
Juan Jose Flores. MD, PhD, Professor of Medicine, La Universidad Veracruzana, Mexico
Beatriz Flores. MFA, Asst. Professor, University of North Texas and Documentary Film Maker
Jean-marcel Fokam. Graduate Student, Mathematics, University of Texas
Boniface Fokwa. M.Sc., Chemistry, Technische Universitt Dresden, Germany
John Foley. MD, New York City
Bernard Forscher. PhD, former Editor of the US Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Melanie Forse. Acupuncturist, Hong Kong
John R. Forsyth. MD, Janesville, Wisconsin
Bruno Fortin. Journalist, Montreal, Canada
Harold D. Foster. PhD, University of Victoria, British Columbia, author, What Really Causes Aids
Michael Foster. DBM, Doctor of Botanic Medicine, Ayurvedic Nutritional Counselor, Medical Hypnotherapist, Lancaster, Pennsylvania
John A. Fowler. M.A., San Diego, California
Elliot Fox. journalist, founder of Association to Re-evaluate AIDS
Michael R. Fox. PhD, Richland, Washington
Dr. Robert Fox. LaConner, Washington
Fabio Franchi. MD, Specialist in Preventive Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Trieste, Italy
Gene Franks. PhD, Denton, Texas, Editor, Pure Water Gazette
AJL Fraser. Meterologist, South Island, New Zealand
Elisa Freccero. M.S., Science Writer, Antibes, France
Iris Freelander. DD, Long Beach, California
Claudio Alatorre Frenk. PhD, Researcher, Institute of Engineering, Universidad Nacional Autnoma de Mxico
David Freund. Journalist, Takoma Park, Maryland
Dr. Martin Friedemann. Rheinau, Switzerland
Eleonor Fritsman. Psychologist, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Author, Hacia Una Nueva Humanidad
T.C. Fry. D.Sc., author, The Great AIDS Hoax and The Nature and Purpose of Disease
Donato Fumarola. MD, Inst. Microbiolia Medica, Bari, Italy
Michael Fumento. Author, The Myth of Heterosexual AIDS
Robert Jordan Funk. Attorney, Alturas, California
Pierluigi Furcolo. Assoc. Professor of Civil Engineering, University of Salerno, Italy
Claudette Furlonge. Co-author, Ethiopian Revolution and the Struggle against US Imperialism
Dr. George L. Gabor Miklos. PhD, Chief Scientific Officer, Human Genetic Signatures, Sydney, Australia; Director, Secure Genetics, Sydney; Consultant in Functional Genomics to Novartis Pharmaceuticals and to the CELERA Human, Mouse and Drosophila Genome Projects. Formerly with University of California, University of Washington, University of Edinburgh, the Neurosciences Institute, The SCRIPPS Research Institute and the Australian National University.
Luciano Gaddoni. Biotechnology Technician, Genova, Italy
Iginio Gagliardone. Sociologist, University of Bologna, Italy
Joseph Gaglio. B.A., Columbia University, Instructor, Madison Area Technical College, Wisconsin
William D. Gairdner. PhD, author, The Trouble with Democracy and other books
ngel Galeano. Journalist, Author of several books, Editor of the newspaper El Pequeo Peridico and Director of the NGO Fundacin Arte y Ciencia, Colombia
Peter Gallo. MSME/Former Operations Engineer, Stanford DNA Sequencing Center, Los Angeles, California
Irene Galtung. Researcher, University of Padua, Italy, UN World Food Program
Eileen Gambrill. PhD, Hutto Patterson Professor of Social Welfare at the University of California at Berkeley. Author, Critical Thinking in Clinical Practice; Social Work Practice: A Critical Thinkers Guide (Oxford University Press); Controversial Issues in Child Welfare (with T.J. Stein); and other books
Ana Ganho. PhD, Director, Portuguese program, affiliated faculty in Latin American and Caribbean Studies, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia
Thomas R. Garbe. PhD, Senior Researcher, Microbiology Research Group, Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth, Kyoto, Japan
Manuel Garcia Iglesias. PhD, Professor, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Spain
William L. Gardner. PhD, Wellesley, Massachusetts
Manolo Garrido. MD, Spain
Don Garrow. MD Internal Medicine, New Hanover Regional Medical Center, Wilmington, North Carolina
Eric Gaumont. PhD in Optics, Louis Pasteur University of Strasbourg, France
John L. Gedye. MD, formerly Lecturer in Psychopathology, and Director of Unit for Research on Medical Applications of Psychology, University of Cambridge, England; Fellow and Senior Lecturer and Director of Man-Machine Systems Laboratory, University of Essex, England; Associate Professor of Neurology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas; Professor of Neurology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan; Director, Fibromyalgia Research Foundation
Francesco M. Genovesi. Attorney, Milan, Italy
Michael L. Gerber. MD, JD, Cardiac Surgeon, Attorney, La Jolla, California
Susan Gerhard. Editor, San Francisco Bay Guardian
Giuseppe Germano. PhD, Professor of Literature, Federico University II, Naples, Italy
Roberto Germano. PhD, Physicist, Federico University II, Naples, Italy
Jose Germosen. Journalist, The Village Voice, New York
John Gerrard. MFA, SAIC, Chicago, Illinois
Charles L. Geshekter. PhD, three-time Fulbright scholar. Professor of African History, California State University, Chico. Former chair of the History of Science, Pacific Division, of the American Association for the Advancement of Science
Todd Gestaldo. D.C., Sunnyvale, California
Toby Gettins. Theoretical Physicist, Birmingham, UK. Former researcher, High Temperature Superconductivity, University of Exeter
Filippo Geuna. PhD, Faculty of Agrarian Genetics, University of Milan, Italy
Tatevik Gevorgyan. Journalist, Yerevan, Armenia
Geeta Gharge. MD, Satara, India
Vikas Gharge. MD, Pathologist, Satara, India
Laura Ghiro. MD, Pediatrician, Italy
Saswata Ghosh. M.Phil., M.Sc., PhD candidate and Research Scholar, School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India
Letizia Gianformaggio. Professor of Philosophy of Law, University of Ferrara, Italy
Sky Gilbert. PhD candidate, Instructor, Univ. of Toronto, Playwright, Columnist, Novelist
Walter Gilbert. PhD, Professor of Molecular Biology, Harvard University. Winner, 1980 Nobel Prize for Chemistry
Volker Gildemeister. PhD, Biochemist, England
Peter A. Gilligan. M.Sc., Occupational Psychologist, Belfast, Northern Ireland
Jeffrey Gilson. PhD, New York University, New York
Roberto Giraldo. MD, specialist in internal medicine, infectious and tropical diseases, New York. Former Chairman of the Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Antioquia, Medellin, Colombia. Author, Aids and Stressors
Marcel Girodian. Environmental and science writer, California
Wpiw Giscard. Dipl-Engineer, Berlin, Germany
David Gisselquist. PhD, Hershey, Pennsylvania [Says Hiv is not transmitted by penile-vaginal sex] Kuria Githiora. PhD candidate, Instructor, Michigan State University
Cecilia Giusti. PhD, Researcher, University of Modena, Italy
Sara Glatt. Registered Holistic Healer, Breukelen, Netherlands
Dr. Wilhelm Godschalk. PhD, Biochemist, The Hague, Netherlands. Formerly Asst. Prof., University of Virginia Medical School, Assoc. Prof., University of Puerto Rico Medical School, Senior Scientist at the Center for Energy and Environmental Research. Did research with Dr. Jesse Beams, one of the lead scientists on The Manhattan Project
Marek Gogolewski. PhD, Chair, Dept. of Biotechnology and Food Microbiology, Agricultural University of Poznan, Poland
Celso Goldaracena. PhD, Professor, Author, La Corua, Spain
Jane Goldberg. PhD. Instructor in Psychology, City University of New York, New School for Social Research Graduate Faculty, Research Associate, Department of Medical Oncology, Kingsbrook Jewish Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, Consultant to Help a Mother, Save a Child, Managing Editor: Modern Psychoanalysis
Burton Goldberg. Publisher, Alternative Medicine Magazine
Melvyn Goldberg. MD, Professor of Surgery, Temple University School of Medicine. Chief, Thoracic Surgical Oncology and Vice Chairman, Surgical Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Co-author, Controversies in Lung Cancer: A Multidisciplinary Approach.
Deborah Goldsmith. D.C., D.O.M., La Habra, California
Edward S. Golub. PhD, Pacific Center for Ethics & App. Biol., Solana Beach, California
Elliet Gomez. ND, Colombia
M. Javier Cruz Gomez. PhD, Professor of Chemistry, National Autonomous University of Mexico
Tomi Gomory. Assistant Professor of Social Work. Florida State University, Tallahassee
Oscar Gonzalez. Electronics Engineer, The Hague, Netherlands
Deborah Gonzalez. M.Sc., Castro Valley, California
Ignacio Gonzalez-Gomez. MD, Asst. Professor of Clinical Pathology, University of Southern California Medical School; Pathologist, Childrens Hospital of Los Angeles
Andrew Goodpaster. PhD, Princeton, New Jersey
Luis Gordillo. PhD, Postdoctoral Research Associate in Mathematics and Statistics, Arizona State University
Kathleen Goss. Writer, 14 book credits and dozens of articles in the medical field; co-author of Maximum Immunity
Rahul Goswami. Journalist, Bombay, India
Arthur Gottlieb. MD, Chairperson of the Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Tulane University School of Medicine
Dmitri Gouskov. MS in Biochemistry; PhD Sociology, Kiev, Ukraine
Matthew Grace. author, A Way Out: Disease Deception and the Truth About Health
Paul Grace. L.Ac., Acupuncturist, Mill Valley, California
Angel Gracia. PhD, Nutritionist, Author, Miami, Florida; Vice-president, USAS, Union por Soluciones Alternativas para el SIDA (Organization for Alternative Solutions for AIDS)
Ernst Gradl. Architect, Nurenberg, Germany
R.L. Graf. Psychologist, San Jose, California
Daniel Gramme. Diplm-Herboriste-Naturopathe, author, Un gramme de bon sens au service de votre sant. Seraing, Belgium
Andrew D. Grant. Engineer, Stamford, Connecticut
Teresa Green. PhD, Interim Department Head, Dept. of Afro-American Studies, Eastern Michigan University
Paul Greenhalgh. Polymer Chemist, Bangkok, Thailand
Aiden Gregg. M.Sc, M.Phil, Social Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut
Gudrun Greunke. Journalist (Reuters, Spiegel, Stern, ITV); Author, El montaje del Sndrome Txico and other books on scientific and medical controversies
Beverly E. Griffin. PhD, Director, Department of Virology, Royal Postgraduate Medical School, London
Lars Grip. MD, Obstetrician, Zwolle, Netherlands
Hans Groenendijk. MD, homeopath, Cercal, Portugal
William I. Grosky. PhD, Chairman, Computer Science Department, Wayne State University
Kenneth Gross. MD, Miami, Florida
Dorothee Gruss. Heilpraktikerin, Bochum, Germany
Dr. Jos Guadalupe Hernndez. Mexico City
Bob Guccione Jr. Editor and publisher, Gear Magazine
Eric Guerci. Physicist, PhD student, Dept. of Engineering Biophysics and Electronics, University of Genoa, Italy
Daniel Guerra. PhD, Professor of Biochemistry, University of Colorado at Colorado Springs
Christian Guerra. Engineer, Cali, Colombia
Lori Guess. J.D., Government Contracts Attorney, Baltimore, Maryland
Pandraud Guillaume. PhD student, France
Thomas Guillot. Grad. Student, Neuroscience, Emory University, Atlanta
Briony Gulbrandsen. Director and Founder, Trinity Natural Health Clinic, Johannesburg, South Africa
Ken Gullan. Director, Institute for Research Integration, San Diego, California
Wayne A. Gurba. Chemistry Lecturer, St. Petersburg, Florida
Ramirez Gutierrez. Attorney, Oaxaca, Mexico
Gil Gutknecht. Minnesota Congressman, US House of Representatives
Brian Gygi. PhD, Asst. Instructor, Psychology (Statistics), Indiana University. NIH pre-doctoral fellow, 1999-2001
Martin Haas. PhD, Dept. Biology Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego
Martin Hagemeier. Dipl.-Kommunikationswirt, Berlin, Germany
Jo Hagstorm. Writer, Carlsbad, California
Liu Haifang. PhD, Assistant Professor of African Studies, Institute of West Asian and African Studies, Chinese Academy of Social Science, Beijing, China
Adiam Haile-melekot. Pharmacologist, London, UK
Urs Haldimann. Editor, Swiss Association of Science Writers, Arisdorf, Switzerland
Luke M. Hale. NZCE Engineer, Hamilton, New Zealand
Ayman Abdul Haleem. MD, Cardiologist, Cairo, Egypt
Dan Hall. MPA, Columbus, Georgia. Author, You Cant Catch a Cold: A Complete Course on Disease-free Living
Dr. Jerome Hall. Stavanger, Norway
Thomas Halle. D.C., M.A., Los Angeles, California
William Halliburton. Computer Scientist, Atlanta, Georgia
Founaboui Haman. Civil engineer, Hannover, Germany
Ryke Geerd Hamer. MD, Former Chief of Internal Medicine at gynecological cancer clinic, University of Munich
Greg Hampton. PhD, Washington, DC
Timothy H. Hand. PhD, Professor of Behavioral Pharmacology, Oglethorpe University
Elizna Hanekom. MD, Dorking, UK
Klaus Hanke. Dipl.-Ing., Engineer, Falkensee, Germany
Nadolyn Hankins. Attorney, Madison, Wisconsin
Michael Hanko. CTAT, B.A., Princeton University, Holistic Health Practitioner, New York City
David Hanson. M.S., MPHA, Pharmacist, San Juan Capistrano
John Hardie. BDS, Dept. Dentistry Vancouver General Hospital, British Columbia, Canada
John Hardie. DDS, Dental Surgeon, Nepean, Canada
David Harding. Associate Professor, Dept. of English, Aarhus University, Denmark
Rini Hariani. M.Sc., Bogor, Indonesia
Michael Harkovitch. Grad. Student, University of Washington
Leif Harmsen. M.A., Toronto, Canada
Anne-Marie Harnum. Psychologist, President, Danish Society of Hypnosis. Copenhagen
Alfonso Javier Haro Salvatierra. MD, Internal Medicine. President and Founder of the Peruvian Complementary Medicine Society. Lima, Peru
Norris Archer Harrington. Author, Santa Paula, California
James R. Harris. CSW, Brooklyn, New York
Robert S. Harris. Naturopathic doctor, New York
Stanley Harris. O.D., Optometrist, Pembroke Pines, Florida
Randall E. Harris. MD, PhD, Professor, College of Medicine and Public Health, Former Chair, Dept. of Preventive Medicine, Ohio State University. Author, COX-2 Blockade in Cancer Prevention and Therapy
Rosalind Harrison. MBBS, FRCOphth, DTM&H, Ophthalmologist, Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons, Consultant ophthalmic surgeon for the National Health Service, UK
William Harrison. PhD, Marriage & Family Therapist, Palm Springs, California
Benjamin Hart. Lab Technician, Cincinnati, Ohio
Werner Hartinger. MD, Surgeon, Director, Vereinigung rzte Gegen Tierversuche, Frankfurt, Germany
Pramodchandra Harvey. M.Sc., Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Graz, Austria
Tim Harwood. M.A., York, United Kingdom
Alfred Hassig. MD, Professor in Immunology, University of Bern, former Director, Swiss Red Cross blood banks
Daniel R. Hatch. J.D., MBA, Newport Beach, California
Nuhu Hatibu. PhD, Assoc. Professor of Agricultural Engineering, Sokoine University, Morogoro, Tanzania
Jon Haupt. M.LIS, M.Mus, Seattle, Washington
Sandra Hawkes. M.Ed, Publisher, Intaglio Resources, Calgary, AB Canada
Chad Hayes. Pharmacist, Gurnee, Illinois
Jill Haynes. Lecturer, University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Alan Heaton. Health Counsellor, Dipl. Clinical Nutrition, Langen, Germany
Troy Hebert. Geophysicist, Perth, Australia
Dr. Martin Hecher. Vienna, Austria
Bruce Hedland-Thomas. MSc, Biophysicist, Royal Perth Hospital, University of Western Australia, Perth
Anja Heij. Homoeopath, Naturopath, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Antti Heikkil. MD, Orthopaedic Surgeon, Porvoo, Finland
John Heilbron. PhD, Professor of History and History of Science and former Vice Chancellor of the University of California, Berkeley
Jane Heimlich. Health columnist, Cincinatti Enquirer, Best-selling author of What Your Doctor Won’t Tell You
Michelle Hemingway. MD, Lenox, Massachusetts
Raymond Henderson. Research Associate, Division of Oncology, University of Miami
Robert J. Henderson. D.C., Locust Valley, New York
Michel Henrard. MD, Belgium
John P. Heptonstall. MD, D.Ac., Director, Morley Acupuncture Clinic and Complementary Therapy Centre, Leeds, UK
Vicente Herrera Adell. MD, Barcelona, Spain
Tom Herrmann. PhD, Assoc. Professor of Physics, Eastern Oregon University
Andrew Herxheimer. MD, Emeritus Professor of Pharmacology, UK Cochrane Centre, Oxford; edited Drug & Therapeutics Bulletin in the UK for 30 years
Marion Herz. M.A., Film scientist, University of Munich
Ben Heumez. M.Phil., Diplome Universitaire Technologique, Teaching Asst., Faculty of Engineering, University of the West Indies, Trinidad
Monika Heydegger. Heilpraktikerin, Langen, Germany
Dieter Heymann. Heilpraktikerin, Neumnster, Germany
Gavin Hibbs. Studies Supervisor, MPI-Bell Centre, Macao
Yang-chu Higgins. Medical Anthropologist, Washington, DC. Winner of the Fogarty Award for Biomedical Research from the National Institutes of Health (1995)
Sean Higgs. Film Director, TV writer, Cape Town, South Africa
Charles A. Hill. MD, Houston, Texas
Ted Hill. PhD, Clinical Psychologist, Sandpoint, Idaho
E. Wayne Hill. PhD, Assoc. Professor, College of Human Sciences, Florida State University
Christian Hilscher. Diplom-Psychologe, Hamburg, Germany
James P. Hilton. PhD, author, Burden of Proof: Surviving Cancer, AIDS and Most Other Illnesses
Jeffrey Hilton. D.O., Miami Shores, Florida. Optometrist and provider of eyecare to a large HIV+ population
Pamela Hines-Powell. Midwife, Salem, Oregon
Sonia Hirsch. Journalist, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil. Author of 14 books on medicine and health, including A dieta do Dr. Barcellos contra o cncer and O mnimo para v. se sentir o mximo
Mae-Wan Ho. PhD, Geneticist and Biophysicist, Open University, London, UK. Director, Institute of Science in Society; Author and activist. Awarded the Chan Kai Ming Prize for Biological Sciences (HK) 1964; Fellow of the National Genetics Foundation (USA) 1971-1974; Vida Sana Award (Spain) 1998 [Says immune deficiency syndromes can be caused by drugs and anti-Hiv medicines] Liam Hodder. PhD, Novelist, Journalist, Corcaigh, Ireland
Neville Hodgkinson. former Science Editor, The Times of London; author, AIDS: The Failure of Contemporary Science
Rob Hodson. MD, Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine
Charles Hoff. PhD, University of South Alabama
J. Rockwell Hoff. Curator, Granite Ridge Science Museum, Globe, Arizona
Robert Hoffman. PhD, Prof., Dept. Pediatrics, Univ. Calif. Med. School, San Diego, California
Kent T. Hoffman. PhD, Psychotherapist, Spokane, Washington
Rita Hoffman. President, Anaphylaxis Action, Stirling, Canada
Geoffrey Hoffmann. PhD, Assoc. Professor of Microbiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada [Thinks Aids is an auto-immune disease] Heiko Hoffmann. Dipl.-Inf., Technische Universitt Dresden, Germany
James P. Hogan. Author of 26 science fiction novels and the science books Kicking the Sacred Cow: Questioning the Unquestionable and Thinking the Impermissible and Mind Matters: Exploring the World of Artificial Intelligence
Robbie Holden. Director, Sisters’ Health Initiative, Newark, New Jersey
Yvon Holdrinet. Conference interpreter, NATO. Brussels, Belgium
Cordt Holland. Film Director, San Francisco
Elaine Hollingsworth. Director, Hippocrates Health Centre of Australia, author, Take Control of Your Health and Escape the Sickness Industry
Alisa Holloway. Nurse, Tifton, Georgia
Olen Holm. M.A., San Francisco, California
John Holmdahl. PhD, Los Angeles, California
Claudia Holub. PhD, Biochemist, Live Sciences Inst., New York, co-author, Aids: Myths, Truths, Solutions , 1988
William R. Holub. PhD, Biochemist, Live Sciences Inst., New York, co-author, Aids: Myths, Truths, Solutions , 1988
Guido Hner. Diplom Biology, Germany
MaryStarr B. Hope. Injury rehab/biomechanical re-education therapist, Santa Monica, California
Dr. Andreas Hoppe. PhD, Department of Protein Structure Theory, Institute for Biochemistry, Charit Berlin, Medical Faculty, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany
Dr. Piombo Horacio. Judge, Court of Appeals in La Plata, Argentina
Ross Horne. Queensland, Austalia, Author , The Health Revolution , Health and Survival in the 21st Century , and Cancerproof Your Body (HarperCollins Australia, 1998)
David Hosbein. MD, Board Certified General Surgeon, Grass Valley, California
Lisa M. Hosbein. MD
Jim Hougan. Investigative Journalist. Author, Secret Agenda: Watergate, Deep Throat, and the CIA, Spooks – The Haunting of America and other books
Kevin Hronek. RN, BSN, President-elect, NE Wisconsin Chapter, American Association of Critical Care Nurses, Green Bay, Wisconsin
Annette Huang. MA (Hons), DipNZLS, DipMgt, TCAE, Auckland, New Zealand
Alice Hudder. PhD, Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Miami School of Medicine
James Hudson. PhD, Professor of Pathology and Medicine, University of British Columbia
Jonathan L. Hume. DDS, Chicago, Illinois
Starling Hunter. PhD, Asst. Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Dr. Daniel Hurne. Bellingham, Washington
Benahili Iboaya. MD, Kansas City, Missouri
Randy Ice. P.T., C.C.S., Physical Therapist, Clinical Director, HeartWise Longevity Center, Whittier, California; Author of over 50 articles published in medical and peer reviewed journals
Marianne Idle. Registered Midwife, IBCLC, ACMI, Cairns, Australia
Dr. Osamwonyi Igori. National President of Edo National Association, Perugia, Italy
Nenad Ilic. Grad. Student, Neuroscience, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio
Larens Imanyuel. Assistant Physics Professor, Berkeley
Alexandre Imbert. Paris, France, Editor, Pratiques de Sante (natural health magazine), Paris, France
Richard Imelek. Dipl.-Ing, Engineer, Gro-Umstadt, Germany
Christopher Imrie. PhD, Senior Lecturer in Organic Chemistry, University of Port Elizabeth, South Africa
Sagar Inamdar. MD, Mumbai, India
Philip Incao. MD, Steiner Holistic Medical, Denver, Colorado
Mira Ingram. Writer, Documentary Film Maker, Fountain Valley, California
Ferran Iniesta. PhD, Professor of African History, University of Barcelona, Spain
Tony Andrs Innocenti. MD, Obstetrician and Gynecologist, Firenze, Italy; President, AIED di Firenze (sex education and public health organization)
Prof. Ferdinando Ippolito. Co-author, AIDS – New Frontier
Hwaa Irfan. Managing Editor and Health and Science Writer, Islam Online. Antigua
Alfred Irsigler. Heilpraktiker, Salzburg, Austria
Matthew Irwin. MD, Washington, DC
Hani Ismail. MD, obstetrician and gynecologist, Elmhurst, New York
Eric Ivanov. Diplme dingnieur, Engineer, Grenoble, France
Elia Izaguirre. MD, Lima, Peru
Ida Therese Jablanovec. RN Executive Director of the Raynauds Foundation, Chicago, Illinois
Carl-heinz Jacob. Chancellor, Universitt Greifswald (ret.), Germany. Formerly Chancellor, Universitt Eichstaett
Varusha Jagnath. MSc, Durban, South Africa
Rich Jamison. PhD, Cliffside Park, New Jersey
Yolanda Jamison. D.Pharm, Medical University of South Carolina
Helen Jandamit. Editor, Bangkok Post Student Weekly; Special Lecturer, Mahachulalongkorn Buddhist University; Co-founder, International Buddhist Meditation Centre. Author of three books on Buddhism. Bangkok, Thailand
Richard Jannaccio. M.A., former biochemist, former science writer at University of Wisconsin, Flushing, New York
Lou Jansen. PhD, El Segundo, California
Jean Pierre Jansen. MD, Groningen, Netherlands
Mark E. Jarmel. D.C., Santa Monica, California
Marie Jaszenovits. Homopathe, Montreal, Canada
Sana Jatta. Country Program Manager, Asia and Pacific Div., International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). Rome, Italy
Thiruveedhula Ravindranath Jayachandar. Secretary, Yanadi Education Society. Guntur, India
Anne Marie Jeay. PhD, Univ. Nancy II, France
Derrick Jensen. B.Sc., Mineral Engineering Physics, M.F.A., California; Author, The Culture of Make Believe, A Language Older than Words and Listening to the Land; Assoc. Editor, Transitions; Writes for The New York Times Magazine, Audubon, and other magazines
Ruth Jensen. MD, Author of Umweltschaden AIDS? Hintergrnde einer biologischen Katastrophe. Freiburg, Germany
Stephen Jenuth. Attorney, Calgary, Canada
Jens Jerndal. MD, D.Sc., Doctor of Holistic Medicine, Spain, former Professor of the Philosophy and Principles of Holistic Medicine at the Open International University for Complementary Medicines in Sri Lanka
Sungchul Ji. PhD, Prof. Pharmacology & Toxicology, Rutgers Univ., Piscataway, New Jersey
Franoise Jot. Prsidente, d’ALIS (Association Libert Information Sant). Author, Ttanos: le mirage de la vaccination; co-author, Hpatites: les vaccins catastrophe. Riom, France
Christine Johnson. Science Journalist, Los Angeles
Donald J. Johnson. DDS, Coeur dAlene, Idaho
Dr. Jennifer Johnson. Psychologist, East Orange, New Jersey
Phillip Johnson. Senior Professor of Law, University of California at Berkeley
Dave Johnson. Journalist, Moncton, Canada
Buddy Johnson. American Red Cross Hiv/Aids Educator, New Iberia, Louisiana
Eric Johnston. M.A., Fresno, California
Tuomas Jokela. Research Engineer, Helsinki University of Technology, Finland
Steven Jonas. MD, Professor of Preventive Medicine, State University of New York at Stony Brook
Colman Jones. Journalist, Toronto, awarded 1999 Science in Society Journalism Award by the Canadian Science Writers Association
Craig M. Jones. Doctor of Chiropractic, Acupuncturist, Nutritionist, Grand Junction, Colorado
David Jones. MSPH, Licensed Acupuncturist, California
Shadonna Jones. RN, St. Louis, Missouri
Lorato Jongman. Asst. Director of Public Service Management, Govt. of Botswana
Nina Jonsson. PhD Student, Lonsboda, Sweden
Terry Jordan. MSW, University of New England, S. Portland
William H. Jordan Jr.. PhD, Culver City, California
Ben Jorgensen. Holistic health care provider, Henniker, New Hampshire
Francis Joseph. Postgrad. Psychology, Alleppey, India
Clare Joslin. EA, MH, DIHom, LAc. Homeopathic Physician, Master of Oriental Medicine, Lic. Acupuncturist, Master Herbalist, Keaau, Hawaii
Christian Joswig. Journalist, Friedersdorf, Germany
Felor Jourdikian. Ms., PhD, Retired Biochemist, Homeopathic Practitioner, Windsor, Ontario
Mark Julian. DDS, Stamford, Connecticut
Hillary Jupp. Journalist, Animal Nutritionist, Uckfield, UK
Kulikoyela Kahigi. PhD, Associate Professor, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Dr. Suresh Kalatoor. St. Paul, Minnesota
Ashok Kale. MD, Pune, Maharashtra, India
Faldie Kamalie. Health Care Manager, Pro Sano Medical Program. Bellville, South Africa
Hawa Kamara. M.Sc., Brooklyn, New York
Nassim Kamdar. MD, Durban, South Africa
Joseph Kamenju. Lecturer, Dept. of Architecture, University of Nairobi, Kenya
Paulin Kamga. M.A., Berlin, Germany
Wanjiru Kamuyu. MFA, New York
Molly Kane. Executive Director, Inter Pares Social Justice NGO; Co-chair of the Africa Canada Forum. Ottawa, Canada
Peter Kanyandago. PhD, Professor, Anthropologist, Deputy Vice-Chancellor, Academic Affairs, Uganda Martyrs University, Nkozi, Uganda
Jeff Kaplan. RN, Fort Myers, Florida
Sandra Kaplan. MSW, CSW, Professor, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, New York. Author, EMDR Therapeutic Interweave Treatment Manual
Louis Kaptue. MD, Brussels, Belgium
Ioannis Karaliotas. MA, PGDipODE, Educational Technology consultant and Project director, Office of the Counselor for Hellenic Education in Africa, Johannesburg, South Africa
Eva Karlsen. Journalist, Oslo, Norway
Werner Karrer. MD, Nrnberg, Germany
Jean-pierre Kassi. PhD, Biomedical Engineering, Technischen Universitt Berlin, Germany
Peter S. Kasule. Director, Compassionate Trust Services (COTS), Kampala, Uganda
Sam Kauapirura. Former Personal assistant to the Namibian minister for Ecology and Tourism. Frankfurt, Germany
Neeraj Kaul. MD, Gwalior, India
Peter Kavaler. M.Sc, Castro Valley, California
Deola Kayode. 4th year Medical Student, Ile-ife, Nigeria
Steven D. Keller. Journalist, San Francisco, California
Jerome Kelly. MT, Fullerton, California
Robert Hunter Kemmet. RN, Tempe, Arizona, former Science Advisor to Oklahoma Governor
David Kempson. Dipl-Hom, Homeopathic Physician, Brisbane, Australia
Frances Kendall. President of the Federalist Party Of South Africa; City Councilor of Johannesburg; Nobel Peace Prize nominee. Author, The Heart of the Nation, Super Parents, Super Children; Co-author, After Apartheid: the Solution For South Africa, and Let the People Govern
Andrew Kenny. Engineer, Senior Research Officer, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Cape Town, South Africa
George Kent. PhD, Chairman, Political Science Department, University of Hawaii, Honolulu. Coordinator of the Task Force on Childrens Nutrition Rights for the World Alliance on Nutrition and Human Rights and the World Alliance for Breastfeeding Action
Dan Keown. MD, Hythe, United Kingdom
Jean-luc Kerboul. Professeur STMS, Brest, France
Phil Kerpen. Research Director, The Free Enterprise Fund, Washington, DC
Jeremy Kerr. M.A., Sociology, University of Kentucky; Lexington, Kentucky
Steven Kessler. Center for Health and Longevity, Donaldsonville, Louisiana
Aisha Kessler. Certified Hypnotherapist, Austin, Texas
Tiro Kganela. TV journalist and documentary film maker, Gaborone, Botswana
Ashok Khatri. MD, Jaipur, India
Mthembeni Khumalo. National Social Research Co-ordinator for the Working for Water Programme, Cape Town, South Africa
Zakir Kibria. Executive Director, BanglaPraxis, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Editor, Praxis Journal
Michael Kiel. PhD, Post-doctoral Fellow, Microbiology, Molecular and Medical Genetics, University of Pennsylvania
Ngenda Kigaraba. Directrice, Agence Tanzanienne de Dveloppement, Geneva Switzerland
Pamela Kikiros. Dipl App Sci (Chem), Perth, Australia
Hae-ryong Kim. MD, Busan, South Korea
Dr. Yong-soo Kim. Seoul, South Korea
Dr. Young Min Kim. Seoul, South Korea
Dr. Ho Gun Kim. Seoul, South Korea
Jong-chul Kim. Publisher/Editor, Noksaek Pyongnon (Green Review). Taegu, South Korea
Tae Kim. MD, Los Angeles, California
Dr. Sumg Eun Kim. Seoul, South Korea
Stephen Karanja Kimiti. Technologist, Department of Chemistry, University of Nairobi, Kenya
Tim Kington. M.Sc., Cleveland, Ohio
Dennis G. Kinnane. OMD, LAc, RPH, Torrance, California
Anthony Kiragu. Conservation Programme Officer, Nature Kenya, Nairobi
Lucy K. Kirauni. Journalist, Nairobi, Kenya
Veronica Kirichenko. Assistant Professor in Biology, Dnepropetrovsk State University, Kiev, Ukraine
John Kirkham. M.Res, Science Teacher, Manchester, UK
Johnson Kitheka. PhD, Director, Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute, Mombasa, Kenya
Marvin R. Kitzerow Jr. Nutritionist, Author, The Aids Indictment
Dr. Leo Kivumbi. New York
Edward Kiwanuka. Researcher, Dept. of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Padova, Italy
Lodewyk Kock. PhD, Professor of Biotechnology, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa. Awarded Joint Runner-Up Prize in Research and Innovation from SA’s National Science and Technology Forum (2002)
Claus Koehnlein. MD, AIDS specialist, Kiel, Germany
Mawuli Kofi-tsekpo. Phd, Nairobi, Kenya, B Pharm, M Pharm, PhD, CChem, ARIC Kenya Medical Research Institute
George Kohl. PhD, President, The Kohl Group, Morristown, New Jersey
Fritz Kohle. M.A., London, England
Ilkka Kokkarinen. PhD, Asst. Professor, Tampere University of Technology, Finland. Author of four computer science textbooks
Vladimir Koliadin. PhD, Senior Research Scientist, State Aerospace University, Kharkov, Ukraine
Heidi Klle. MD, Germany
Sokona Kone. Attorney, Atlanta, Georgia
Felix Konotey-Ahulu. MD, Ghanaian physician at Londons Cromwell Hospital
Niels Koschoreck. Psychotherapist, Cologne, Germany
Manu Kothari. MD, Professor of Anatomy, former Head of Department of Anatomy, Seth Gordhandas Sunderdas Medical College, King Edward Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, India
Shantilal Kothari. PhD, Nutritionist and President of Academy of Nutrition Improvement (ANI) in Nagpur, India
Sarah Kotzamani. M.A., Benicia, California
Alain Kouassi. MSCE, MBA, Civil Engineer, Newark, New Jersey
Alev Kowalzik. Dipl.- Psych. Psychotherapist, Bad Kissingen, Germany
Karl Krafeld. President, Wissenschaft, Medizin und Menschenrechte (Science, Medicine and Human Rights). Dortmund, Germany
John F. Kramer. Physician Assistant Student, Oak Brook, Illinois
Gary Krasner. Science writer; Director, Coalition For Informed Choice, New York
Ivo Krausz. PhD, Professor of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Massachusetts
Cashmere goats are well fed but are reducing vast areas of Mongolia to scrub, just as their human counterparts among the leading scientists of HIV/AIDS and other fraudulent fields are reducing science to money making propaganda for the sake of their own hidesHeinrich Kremer. MD, former Medical Director of the Federal Clinics for Juvenile and Young Adult Drug Offenders for five German counties, including Berlin, Bremen, and Hamburg
Michael Kruschinski. Heilpraktiker, Raubling, Germany
Philippe Krynen. former Director, Partage Tanzania, French Aids charity
Gregg Kuehl. PhD Student, Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana
Robert Kuen. Dipl.-Ing., Engineer, Mnchen, Germany
Christina Kugi. International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria
Hans J. Kugler. PhD, Editor, Preventive Medicine Update and author of many books on slowing down the aging process
Msizi Kuhlane. Journalist, Documentary Film Maker, Johannesburg, South Africa
Daniel Kulla. Author, Der Phrasenprfer, Eins aufs Auge. Es knnte alles falsch gewesen sein and other books. Dresden, Germany
Harold Kulungian. Nutrition writer, Amherst, Massachusetts
Satish Kumar. MBBS, Physician, Mangalore, India
Arbind Kumar. MD, Patna Medical College, India
Tony Kunin. MA, Queens, New York
Danladi Dada Kuta. PhD, Senior Research Scientist, National Cereals Research Institute, Badeggi, Nigeria; Researcher, Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, People’s Friendship University of Russia
Beth-Ann Kutchma. Fulbright Program Adviser, University Center for International Studies, University of North Carolina
Mi-Jung Kwon. Korean Society for Applied Microbiology, Busan, Korea
Robert Laarhoven. Journalist, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Christian Laemmel. Journalist, Strasbourg, France
Dariusz Lakaszynski. Biochemist, Lund University, Sweden
Rafael Laloma. Acupuncturist, Bronx, New York
Brian Lamb. DO, ND. Osteopathic and Naturopathic Physician, Folkestone, UK
Annick Lambert. PhD, Professor of Statistics, Universit du Qubec en Outaouais, Hull, Canada
Evan Lambrou. Managing Editor, The Hellenic Times, author, Aids. Scare or Scam?
Guylaine Lanctot. MD, author, The Medical Mafia
Lisa Landymore-lim. PhD, Biochemist, Sydney, Australia, author, Poisonous Prescriptions
Shawn Lane. BS Chemistry, Univ. of Notre Dame, MS Environmental Science, Illinois Institute of Technology; Chicago, Illinois
Serge Lang. PhD, Professor of Mathematics, Yale University; awarded the Dylan Hixon 88 Prize for Teaching Excellence in the Natural Sciences; also the Steel and Cole prizes of the American Mathematical Society; Author of 37 books; former Fulbright Scholar; Member, US National Academy of Sciences
Lesiba Langa. Journalist, City Press, Cape Town, South Africa
Michael Lange. MD, Head of AIDS Programme, St. Lukes Hospital, New York
Jean Paul Lange. Heilpraktiker, Lauffen, Germany
Zoe Langley. Medical Writer, Corvallis, Oregon
Stefan Lanka. PhD, Virologist, University of Koblenz, Vice President, Science, Medicine and Human Rights, Germany
Brad Lapin. Writer and Editor, Roma, Italy
Leonora Lartson. MD, MPH, Houston (Texas) Department of Health and Human Services
James Lasalle. Attorney, Kansas City, Missouri
Ilse Lass. Diplom Biology, Zepkow, Germany
Ottmar Lattorf. Sociologist and Author, Cologne, Germany
James Laub. Co-Chair of the PLWA Advisory Group of the Staten Island (New York) Ryan White HIV CARE Network
Helen Lauer. PhD, Senior Lecturer, Philosophy Dept., University of Ghana. Author, Ghana: Changing Values/Changing Technologies
Frank Laureano III. Registered Nurse, Emergency Department, Jacksonville, Alabama
John Lauritsen. Journalist, Harvard-educated survey research analyst. Author of the books The AIDS War; Propaganda, Profiteering and Genocide From the Medical-Industrial Complex and Poison by Prescription; The AZT Story
Peter LaVenia. PhD Student, State University of New York. Chairman of the Green Party of Albany County
Diana Laverde. Psychologist, Universidad Los Libertadores, Bogot, Colombia
Paul Lawrence. Dental Surgeon, Adelaide, Australia
Christopher Lawver. M.A., MFT, Psychotherapist, Beverly Hills, California
John Le Carr. Novelist, The Constant Gardener [Says the Hiv-Aids-AZT controversy needs serious debate and debate is being blocked by the Aids establishment] Herbert G. Lebherz. PhD, Emeritus Professor of Chemistry, San Diego State University, California
Dr. Lois Lee. founder, Children of the Night, Recipient of the 1984 Presidents Volunteer Action Award
Robert W. Lee. Journalist and Author, Murray, Utah
Sandra Lee. Registered Clinical Counselor, SSI Health Collective, Saltspring Island, BC, Canada
Thomas Lee. ND, Kingman, AZ
Vickie Lee. RPh, Tulsa, Oklahoma
Enid Lee. LL.D, Educational Consultant, Long Beach, California. Visiting Scholar, Teaching For Change, Washington, D.C. and University of California at Santa Cruz. Author, Letters to Marcia: A teachers guide to Anti-racist education and many other books
Maryanne Lee. MD, Toronto, Canada
Ki Sung Lee. MD, Seoul, South Korea
Yong Jae Lee. MD, Seoul, South Korea
Dr. Teshale Lehona. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Nathaniel S. Lehrman. M.D., Psychiatrist, Roslyn, New York
Jeffrey Leiphart. Psychologist, San Diego, California
Marcos S. Leite. Electrical Engineer, Yonkers, New York
Roberto Cesar Leite. MD, Director, Center for Integrative Medicine, Curitiba, Brazil
Michael Leitner. Journalist, Dortmund, Germany. Author Mythos Hiv
Frank Vincent Lekey. MD, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania
Danielle Lemann. MD, Langnau, Switzerland
Viviana Lemos. Psychologist, Universidad Adventista del Plata, Argentina
M. Zoe Lenska. ex-medical researcher in pharmacology, now investigative journalist, London, England, author, Health Care or Wealth Care
Fidias E. Len Sarmiento. MD, PhD, Professor, Department of Internal Medicine and Basic Sciences, Universidad Industrial de Santander, Bucaramanga, Colombia; Senior Research Fellow, National Institutes of Health, Washington DC
Marta E. Leon-Sarmiento. M.Sc., Neuronet-Instituto Colombiano de Neurociencias Aplicadas, Neurobiologa Humana & Neurologia Clinica y Funcional, Bucaramanga, Colombia
Hans-Walter Leonhard. PhD, Frth/Bayern, Germany; runs German Rethinking Aids website
Robert Leppo. MBA, Harvard University
Pete LeRoy. Ph.D, Associate Professor, Western Montana College
Dr. Ricardo Leschot. MD, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Mark Lester. Complementary Health Practitioner, London, UK
Stanley Letsoko. Writer, Program Manager, University of the Witwatersrand Business School
Arthur Letzel. Dipl.- Psychologe, Heringsdorf, Germany
Dennis Levy. Former Executive Director, Black And Latino AIDS Coalition, New York City
Marilyn Jaye Lewis. Novelist, New York. Author of Neptune and Surf and many other books
Ajay Lewis. Medical Transcriptionist, Mumbai, India
Christian Lhotka. MD, Orthopaedic Surgeon, Vienna, Austria
Wen-Xi Liang. MD, Study Group on Nutrition and Immunity, Bern, Switzerland
Oleg Liber. Professor at Bolton Institute of Higher Education (UK) and Director of CETIS (Centre for Educational Technology Interoperability Standards). Former Director of the Centre for Learning Technology, University of Wales, Bangor
Barry A. Liebling. PhD, New York, NY
Paul Lineback. M.S. (Counselling Psychology), former Counselor and Instructor at Southern Oregon Community College, Rogue Community College and Eastern Oregon University
Herman Nyeck Liport. Journalist, Esperanto professor, Douala, Cameroon
Thomas Lipscomb. Journalist, New York. Chairman, Center for the Digital Future; Fellow, Annenberg Center for the Digital Future at University of Southern California; Founder and President of Times Books (The New York Times book division); Holder of 5 patents in digital technology; Member, New York Academy of Sciences
Constanza Lisdero. PhD, Postdoctoral Associate in Physiology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Massachusetts
Matelda Lisdero. MD, Ginecologa, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Argentina
David Lishner. PhD Psychology, Seattle, Washington
Yingguang Liu. PhD, Asst. Professor of Science, Maranatha College, Wisconsin
Gary L. Livacari. DDS, Skokie, Illinois
Xavier Livermon. Graduate Student, University of California, Berkeley
Anthony F. Liversidge. Science Writer and contributing editor at Omni Magazine
Carl Llyons. MSW, Toronto, Canada
Shyh-Ching Lo. MD, PhD, Chief, Division of Molecular Pathobiology, U.S. Armed Forces Institute of Pathology [Says AIDS is much more complicated than just Hiv and Hivs causative role is only possible, i.e., not proven] Helen Lobato. Journalist, Melbourne, Australia
Michel Lobrot. PhD, Univ. Paris VIII, Les Lilas, France
Justin Loew. Meteorologist, Wausau, Wisconsin
Randall H. Lofton. D.O., Pathologist, Port Arthur, Texas
Joan Lohay. Programme Officer for Nutrition Education, Tanzania Food & Nutrition Centre, Dar Es Salaam
Christian Loizeau. Laboratory of Toxicology, Faculty of Science, University of Metz, France
Henk Loman. PhD, Professor of Biophysical Chemistry at the Free University in Amsterdam [Deceased 2002] Stoffer Loman. PhD, Pharmaceutical Chemist, Utrecht, Netherlands
Robert Lombardi. Medical Writer, Lige, Belgium. Author, L’immensa balla dellAIDS and Medicina inganno totale
Luca Londoo de Madrid. Bacteriologist, iridologist, New York
Warren Longmire. PhD, San Francisco, California
Judith Lopez. San Francisco, Scientific Illustrator, Author, Immune Dysfunction-Winning My Battle Against Toxins, Illness & the Medical Establishment
Rubin Lopez. M.M., Indianapolis, Indiana
Dr. Michele Lopez. Ministry of Public Health, Napoli, Italy
Luz Marina Lpez. MD, Universidad del Rosario de Bogot, Colombia
Professor Jos Ramn Lpez. Director, Pereira Chapter, Colombian Arts and Sciences Foundation and coordinator of the Foundations Committee on Health. Pereira, Colombia
Juan Jess Lpez. M.Sc., Professor of Engineering, Universidad Autonoma de Baja California, Tijuana, Mexico
Karl Loren. MBA Harvard Univ., Researcher and Author, Burbank, California
Leon Louw. Executive Director, Free Market Foundation and Law Review Project, South Africa; co-author, Beyond Apartheid and other books; nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1989, 1991, and 1992
John C. Lowe. M.A., D.C., Chiropractic physician, Boulder, Colorado. Co-author, Your Guide to Metabolic Health
David Lowenfels. Engineer. M.Eng, M.I.T.; M.A., Stanford University. San Francisco
Hector Lozada. reporter for the newspaper El Bravo, Matamoros, Mexico
Maurizio Luca-Moretti. MD, PhD, president, Inter American Medical and Health Association
Manuel Lucena. PhD, Asst. Professor in Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence, Universidad de Jaen, Spain
Larena Luciano. Linguist, London, UK
Sharon Luddington. RN, Keswick, Canada
David Ludwig. MPH, RS, Manager, Environmental Health, Maricopa County Environmental Services. President, Arizona Environmental Health Association
Luis Alberto Luvano. Chemical Engineer, Mexico City
Friedrich Luft. MD, Franz-Volhard-Klinic, Berlin, Germany
Federico Fernando Lujn. Dentist, Oral Surgeon, Medical Student, Posadas, Argentina
Lilian Lukambuzi. National Environment Council (NEMC), Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Norman Lundel. Medical student, New York, NY
Dr. Victoria Lundgreen. Stavanger, Norway
Gustavo Marcelo Lust-Krmer. Student of Biomedical Engineering, Montevideo, Uruguay
James Lyons. DC, Biologist, Medical Researcher, Doctor of Chiropractic, Columbus, Ohio
Laura Machado. M.Sc., Physics, La Victoria, Venezuela
Zorodzai Machekanyanga. Advocacy and Information Officer for Zimbabwe’s National AIDS Council (NAC)
Richard MacIntyre. PhD, former Fulbright Scholar, Professor and Division chair for Nursing and Health Sciences, Mercy College, Dobbs Ferry, New York Author, Mortal Men: Living With Asymptomatic HIV
Jamey Mack. Biochemist, Abbott Laboratories, Waukegan, Illinois
Arthur Mackenzie-Peers. Chemist, Limeuil, France
Shane A. MacLaughlin. PhD, Chemistry, Toronto, Canada
Joe Madanski. M.A., Painesville, Ohio
Rangarirai Claudius Madembo. Economist, Harare, Zimbabwe
Lerato Madimabe. Journalist, Grahamstown, South Africa
R. Eric Madrid. Ohio State Medical Student Class of 2002, Columbus, Ohio
Lucia Madrid. Medical Technologist, Wantagh, North Carolina
Uchenna Madu. Director of Information, Movement for the Actualisation of the Sovereign State of Biafra (MASSOB)
Glenn A. Magee. PhD, Assistant Professor, Philosophy, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, Georgia
Christine Maggiore. Director, Alive and Well (, author, What if Everything You Thought You Knew About Aids Was Wrong?
Maura Magioncalda. Attorney, Milan, Italy
Jean Mahailet. PhD, Naturopath, Mableton, Georgia
Chetan Mahendra. M.Eng student, Singapore
Peter Mahlangu. Attorney, Johannesburg, South Africa
Robert Mahler. MD, Medical Resident, Yonkers, New York
Darren Main. Yoga and meditation instructor, San Francisco. Author, Yoga and the Path of the Urban Mystic and Spiritual Journeys along the Yellow Brick Road
Ernest John Maina. MD, Nairobi, Kenya
Leonardo Maini. PhD student, High School Science Teacher, Padova, Italy
Meher Majety. PhD Student in Microbiology, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany
Amon R. Makenya. PhD, Royal University of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
Rian Malan. South African author of My Traitors Heart: A South African Exile Returns to Face His Country, His Tribe and His Conscience. [Thinks that African Aids figures are very exaggerated by the Aids establishment] Senn Malo Batista. MD, Universidad del Norte, Barranquilla, Columbia; Scientific Director, Center For Alternative Therapies, Cartagena, Colombia
Wubshet Mamo. PhD, Assoc. Professor of Medical Microbiology, University of Uppsala, Sweden
Pasquale Mamone. MD, Heart Surgeon, San Camillo Hospital, Rome, Italy
Mathias Mamsch. PhD Student, University of Magdeburg, Germany
Antonino Mancuso. MD, Bologna, Italy
Jerry S. Maneker. PhD, Professor of Sociology, California State University, Chico
Andrew Maniotis. PhD, Program Director, Cell and Developmental Biology of Cancer, Departments of Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology, and Bioengineering, University of Illinois at Chicago
Kassi Manlan. MD, Director General for Health and Social Services, Cote dIvoire [Says the virus is only a co-factor] Cathy Manning. Certified Hypnotherapist, Buena Vista, Colorado
Erik C. Manos. DDS, Denver, Colorado
Roland Mansour. MS Electrical Engineering, Brooklyn, New York
Carla Marcelis. Naturopath, Montreal, Canada. Co-author, Uncommon Questions: A Feminist Exploration of AIDS
Rgine Marchal. Psychothrapeute, Namur, Belgium
Geir Marcussen. MNNH, Homeopath, Hommelstoe, Norway
Zachary Margulis-ohnuma. Attorney, New York City
David Marnaw. MD, Chiang Rai, Thailand
Jennifer Marquis. PhD, San Francisco, California
Pierpaolo Marrone. PhD, Lecturer in Moral Philosophy, University of Trieste, Italy
Wende Elizabeth Marshall. PhD, Princeton University. Assistant Professor, University of Virginia. Previously Postdoctoral Fellow, Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS, Yale University School of Medicine
David Martin. B.A., Physics. Writer/Illustrator/Translator, Osaka, Japan. Author, Dave the Canadian Beaver Goes to Japan
Brian Martinez. Journalist, Houston, Texas
Lorenz Martinez. M.A. Sociology, Mission Viejo, California
Victor Hugo Martinez. Agricultural Engineer, Tepic, Mexico. President of the Foundation for Holistic Medicine
Eduardo Martinez. Editor/Publisher, Tendencias Cientficas, Spanish language science news service. Madrid, Spain
Mirlenis Martnez. Journalist, Barquisimeto, Venezuela
Juan-luis Martinez-ledesma. Instructor in Physics, Universidad Nacional Autnoma de Mxico
Gaetano Martino. MD, Olona, Italy
Chiara Martucci. M.A., Milano, Italy
Kadmiel Maseyk. PhD Student, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel
Dr. Antonio Masini. Bovolone Vr, Italy
Ilja Maso. PhD, Professor of Theory of Science, Universiteit voor Humanistiek, Utrecht, Netherlands. His fields of interest include qualitative research, empirical phenomenological research and the demarcation between science and pseudo-science
Leo Mastromatteo. Engineer, Ghana
Patrice Matchaba. MD, Cochrane Centre, Cape Town, South Africa
Maribel Mateo. PhD, Professor of Education, University of Barcelona, Spain
Doris Matovelo. M.A., Med. Asst., Ndolage Mission Hospital and Morogoro Govt. Hospital; Nutrition Officer for Morogoro Urban; Librarian, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania
Jayro A. Matovelo. Professor and Assoc. Director, Research & Postgraduate Studies, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania
Dumiso G.M. Matshazi. Masters in Public Health, Biostatistician, San Bernardino, California
Dumiso Matshazi. MPH, Riverside County Department of Mental Health, California
A. Matsumoto. Professor of Management, Tokyo, Japan
Ken N. Matsumura. MD, Chairman, Alin Foundation & Research Institute., Berkeley, California
Klazien Matter-Walstra. PhD, former manager, laboratory for immunocytochemical cancer diagnosis for exfoliative cytology, Institute of Pathology in Bern, Switzerland. Presently teaches evidence based medicine at Mediscope
Constance Matthews. Registered Nurse, Orlando, Florida
James Matthews. PhD, Senior Lecturer, University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff, UK
Nora Mauermann. Immunologist, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel
Robert W. Maver. F.S.A., M.A.A., Director of Research, Mutual Benefit Life, Kansas City, Missouri
Giora Mavligit. Concluded that their results strongly support the hypothesis that allogenic sperm is an etiologic factor in the pathogenesis of acquired immune dysregulation among homosexual males who practice anal sex
Gregory Maxim. Attorney, Sacramento, California
Leonid Maximenkov. PhD, Historian and Essayist, Moscow, Russia
Clemmer Mayhew III. writer, Delray Beach, Florida
Justine Mbabazi. Rwandan Attorney, Visiting Scholar in Gender and the Law, American University, Washington College of Law, Washington, DC
Sama Mbang. DC; RIC/E, Scientist/Researcher, Daimler Chrysler. Ulm, Germany
Carlos Mbuta. M.Sc., National Environmental Management Council, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Sue McCaskie. Journalist, Bellmore, New York
Holley McCoy-Eller. Journalist, Mildenhall, UK
Craig McCracken. Dental Prosthetist, Teacher, Department of Health and Biosciences, RMIT University, Melbourne. Board member, Dental Practice Board of Victoria, Australia
Ross McCulloch. D.C., Chiropractor and Applied Kinesiologist, Tunbridge Wells, UK
Helen McDade. Veterinary Surgeon, UK; Executive Officer of an M.E. (myalgic encephalopathy) Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Research charity
Scott McDonald. M.Sc. Chemistry, Leeds, UK
John F. McGowan. PhD, Physics, Mountain View, California
Matthew McIntosh. PhD, Director of HCC Wellness and Cardiac Rehabilitation Center, Hagerstown, Maryland
Andrew McIntyre. Journalist, Melbourne, Australia
Joseph McIntyre. Professor of Linguistics, University of Hamburg, Germany
Kenneth V. McIver. Acupuncturist, Member of New Zealands government health liason committee. Auckland, New Zealand
Michael McKee. Naturopath, Homeopath, Bachelor of Applied Science in Health Science, Brisbane, Australia
Joan McKenna. Dr., Research Physiologist, Institute for Thermobaric Studies, Berkeley, California
John McKinney. MD, St. Louis, Missouri
Matthew McLeod. PhD, Nutrition & Health, London, United Kingdom
Lynne McTaggart. London, UK, Editor of 25 books on health, Author of What Doctors Dont Tell You: the Truth about the Dangers of Modern Medicine and other books
W. Robynne McWayne. MD, anesthesiologist, Olympia, Washington; Author, Radical Reality
Spencer Means. Professor, Baruch College, City University of New York
Nicholas Megan. Computer network engineer, IBM, Los Angeles, California
Rugatiri Mekacha. PhD, Head, Kiswahili Department, University Of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Howard C. Mel. PhD, Berkeley, California
Arthur Melkonian. MD, Epidemiology and Public Health, Yerevan, Armenia
Monica Melton. Faculty of Mass Communications, Program Director, WSNC. Winston-Salem State University, North Carolina
Juan Carlos Mendible. PhD, Associate Professor of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Universidad Central de Venezuela, Caracas; Venezuelan rep. to UNESCOs Intergovernmental Bioethics Committee
Dr. Antonio Mendoza. MD, president, Colombian Association for the Scientific Reappraising of the Etiology of AIDS (TOXISIDA)
Jos Mendoza Amador. Dental Surgeon, Hospital General de Mxico, Secretariat of Health and the National Institute of Cancer Studies. Monarcas, Mxico
Nina Menkes. Film Maker, Won Los Angeles Film Critics award, fellowships from the National Endowment for the Arts and the Rockefeller Foundation, an American Film Institute Independent Filmmaker grant, and many other awards
Mike Menkes. President, Health Science Solutions, Hollywood, Florida; Nutrition Advisor for TAEBO nutritional products
Ashok Menon. PhD, Radiology Researcher, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Shabnam Merchant. New York, BA, Physics, Bryn Mawr College; MS, Engineering Sciences, Dartmouth College
Dr. Joseph Mercola. former Chairman of the Family Medicine department at St. Alexius Medical Center, Hoffman Estates, Illinois; served as editor of HIV Monograph by Abbott Laboratories published in 1989 and distributed to physicians nationally. Editor of, one of the top 10 health websites on the internet
David Merrell. BSc. DMD, FAGD., Oral Med/Aids Medical Staff, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
David Mertz. PhD, Philosopher of Science, University of Massachusetts, Amherst
Debbasu Meselu Amare. M.A., Agricultural University of Norways Centre for International Environment and Development Studies.
Ginger Metcalf. Psychotherapist, Spokane, Washington
Michael Metcalf. MD, Spokane, Washington
Bernd Meyer. Diplom Physiker, Berlin, Germany
Lynet Mhlanga. Human Rights Attorney, London, UK
Sam Mhlongo. MD, Head of the Department of Family Medicine and Primary Health Care at the Medical University of South Africa, Johannesburg
Tony W. Micallef. ATMS-accredited complementary medicine practitioner and iridologist, Sydney, Australia
John F. Michael. PhD student, University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Aaron Micheau. Attorney, Public Defender, Legal Aid Society, New York City
Th. H.L. Michiels. MD, Vinkeveen, The Netherlands
Foster Mijiga. Director, National Democratic Institute for International Affairs (NDI). Windhoek, Namibia
Vladimir Mikaelyan. PhD, Assoc. Professor, Psychology, Yerevan State University, Armenia
John Mikowski. MD, Warsaw, Poland
Stefania Milazzo. Research Fellow, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter & Plymouth Institute of Health & Social Care, Exeter, UK
John Milich. Journalist, Ithaca, New York
Donald W. Miller. Jr., MD, Professor of Surgery, University of Washington School of Medicine
James W. Miller. MD, San Leandro, California
Larry Thomas Miller. CLS, M.A., Los Angeles, California
Todd Miller. PhD, Assistant Professor, Department of Molecular and Cellular Pharmacology, University of Miami School of Medicine, Florida
James Miller. MD, Oakland, California
Mark L. Milliron. BSc MSc PhD candidate Medical Genetics, Chilliwack, BC, Canada
Jamie Mills. MD, Leicester, UK
George Milowe. MD, Melrose-Wakefield Hospital, Malden, Massachusetts
Michael Mink. PhD candidate, Holistic Nutrition, Atlanta, Georgia
Stephen F. Minkin. Network for Infection Prevention, Brattleboro, Vermont [Says Hiv is not transmitted by penile-vaginal sex] Gary James Minter. Epidemiologist, North Carolina Dept. of Health and Human Services, Raleigh, North Carolina
Sandy Mintz. M.A., Writer and Publisher, Vaccination News, Anchorage, Alaska
Cristina Mir. PhD Student in Molecular Biology, Barcelona, Spain
Maria Missiroli . PhD, Researcher, Villa Griffone Radio Labs, Universit di Bologna, Italy
Richard Mitchell. PhD, Professor of Sociology, Oregon State University. Recipient of the Charles Horton Cooley Award, the most prestigious in sociology
P. David Mitchell. PhD, Psychologist and Emeritus Professor of Educational Technology (former Director of the Graduate Programme), Concordia University, Montreal, Canada. Recipient of the Prix Phillippe-Marton award for educational technology
Maria Mitzikis. Nutritionist, Sydney, Australia
Shinnichi Miyamoto. Chemist, Hyogo, Japan
John Mkandawire. MSW, MPH, Boston, Massachusetts
Eugene Mniwasa. Researcher, Writer, Attorney, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania
Eugene Mniwasa. LL.B, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania
Omba Sakatolo Modeste. Prsident, La Communaut Katangaise du Canada
Keoagile Modisakeng. M.Sc., PhD Student in Biochemistry, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa
Shadrack Moephuli. PhD, Toxicology, Senior Lecturer, Department of Biochemistry, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa [Says leading Aids drug AZT should not be used] Lerato Mofoti. Attorney, Bloemfontein, South Africa
Lamine Ould Sidi Mohamed. Professeur de Gestion, Bamako, Mali
Abdalla Mohammed. PhD, Instructor, University of Wisconsin, Madison
Fathi Najafi Mohsen. Biotechnologist, Mashhad, Iran
Francelot Moise. MD, Haitian physician living in South Florida
Mahesh Mokashi. MD, Mumbai, India
Charles Molele. Journalist, Johannesburg, South Africa
Francis Moloi. Harvard University South Africa Fellow. Author, A Constitutional Debacle: Amnesty to Perpetrators and Denial of the Victims Right of Access to Court
Clark Molstad. PhD, Professor of Mgmt, California State University, San Bernardino
Juan Jos Moncada Ibez. MD, Medical Director, Santa Natura, Peruvian Institute of Integral Medicine
Constantino Mondragon. Psychotherapist, Mexico City
Rosa Cecilia Monsalve. RN, University of Antioquia, Medelln, Colombia
Joseph Montanez. Respiratory Therapist; HIV pre-post counselor, Massachusetts [ ] Carlos Monteverde. MD, Immunology and Allergy, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Al Montgomery. Chemist, Blythewood, South Carolina
Fernando R. Montserrat. Psychotherapist, Mexico City
Aadela Moolla. Student (Microbiology & Haemotology), Johannesburg, South Africa
Dave Moore. Retired Engineering Director, Broadcast Television, Kamuela, Hawaii
Wayne Moore. CQSW, London, UK
Rusty M. Moore. PhD, Assoc. Professor, Hofstra University, New York
Kojo Moore. JD, Berkeley, California
Cherri Moore. RN, Jackson, Mississippi
David Moore. Engineer, Wichita, Kansas
Brendan Moorehead. M.Sc., Stanford University. Oakland, California
Mpho Mophiring. Engineer, Johannesburg, South Africa
David Moraga Amador. PhD, Scientific Director, Education and Training Core, Interdisciplinary Center for Biotechnology Research, University of Florida
Gordon Moran. Author, Silencing Scientists and Scholars in Other Fields
Rheeta Moran. Senior Researcher, Salford University, UK [Says the Aids drugs dont work] Roselyne Morel. MD, Nantes, France
Pau Moreno. MD, Barcelona, Spain
Elizabeth Morgan. Lecturer, University of Queensland, Australia
Peter Morrell. M.Phil, Lecturer, Hon. Research Associate, History of Medicine, Staffordshire University, UK, co-author, Environmental Science textbook
John Anthony Morris. PhD, Biochemist, Bell of Atari College Park, Maryland
Margaret Morris. MT (ASCP) SC, NCA-CLS, Medical Technologist, Specialist Chemistry/ American Society of Clinical Pathologists. Springvale, Maine
Joseph E. Morrow. PhD, Cal. State Univ. Sacramento, California
Philip Mortimer. PhD, Director of the Virus Reference Laboratory of the Public Health Laboratory Service, London, UK [Says Hiv tests not accurate, not reliable, high rates of false positives, and it may be impossible to relate a positive test specifically to Hiv] Jonas Moses. Project Manager, Research Scientist, Laboratory for Xray Microimaging and Bioinformatics, Doctoral student in Bioengineering, University of Illinois at Chicago
Richard Onchaga Moses. M.Sc., PhD Student, International Institute for Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation, Enschede, Netherlands
Keith Moskowitz. Senior Scientist, Gaithersburg, MD
Albert G. Mosley. PhD, Professor of Philosophy, Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts [Says Aids is multifactorial] Victor Mosoti. Attorney, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Heath Motley. Doctor of Applied Kinesiology and Chiropractic, Honolulu, Hawaii
Leila Mouammar. PhD Student, Concordia University, Montreal, Canada
William Mowery. Jr., MSEE, Morristown, New Jersey
John D. Moyer. MD, Surgeon, Yarmouthport, Massachusetts
Matane Mphahlele. Attorney, Pretoria, South Africa
Peter Mtakwa. PhD, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania
Nakato Mubanda. D.C., M.Ac., Chiropractor, Acupuncturist, Kampala, Uganda
Andrew Mueller. B.S. Biology, Florida State University; MPH (Master of Public Health), Florida International University; Jacksonville, Florida
Clement Mufuzi . National Chairman, Network of Zambian People Living Positively with AIDS, Lusaka
Melanie Muise. Grad. Student in Sociology, Laurentian University, Sudbury, Canada
Simon Mukwana. Medical Researcher, Computer Medicine, London, England
Imanuel Mulder. Former Chief Director, Occupational Health and Safety, Dept. of Labor, Govt. of South Africa. Pretoria
Hermann Mller. PhD, Director, Institute of Virology, Universitt Leipzig, Germany
Dr. Kary Mullis. PhD, Biochemist, Winner, 1993 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for inventing the polymerase chain reaction, the basis for the HIV viral load tests.
R. Munck. MD, Ceret, France
Jethu Mundul. TV Journalist, Documentary Film Maker, Bombay, India
Peggy Munson. Author, Stricken: Voices from the Hidden Epidemic of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Providence, Rhode Island
Eric Muriithi. M.Sc., Environmental Engineer, Nairobi, Kenya
Brian K. Murphy. Senior Policy Analyst with Inter Pares, the Canadian international social justice organization; Author, Transforming the World, An Open Conspiracy for Social Change, ZED Books (London and New York), 1999.
Rose Mary Murphy. Womens Health Interaction, Ottawa, Canada. Co-author, Uncommon Questions: A Feminist Exploration of AIDS
Rich Murray. Registered Pharmacist, Georgetown
Enrico Bressan Muscar. Film Director, Madrid, Spain
Dolors Must. Directora de la Fundaci Trraco Energia Local, Tarragona, Spain
Laurent Mutelet. Geobiologist, Saint Lon, France
Aldin K Mutembei. PhD, Lecturer, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Adrian Muunga. Program Officer, National Democratic Institute, Lilongwe, Malawi
Santina Mwarania . M.A., Counselor, Idaho School for the Deaf and Blind. Twin Falls, Idaho
Dr. Ahmed Makata Mwinyimtwana. Forensic Pathologist, Melbourne, Australia
Rebecca Myles. Journalist, New York
Claude Naar. MD, Radiologist, Plantation, Florida
Martin Nabor. D.Min, Georgia
Sheri Nakken. RN, M.A., Homeopathic Educator, Nevada City, California
Tiwari Krishna Nand. MD, Physician, Berlin, Germany
Abhijit Nandi. Physician, MBBS, Master in Community Health, Kolkata, India
Jerome F. Napoli. D.C., San Francisco, California
Catherine Nasmith. B.Arch, OAA, MRAIC, TSA, CAPHC, Architect, Toronto, Canada
Sabelo Ndabazandile. MBA, Johannesburg, South Africa
Navaya Ole Ndaskoi . Journalist, Coordinator, Indigenous Rights for Survival International, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania
Mboneli Ndlangisa. M.Sc., Harding, South Africa
Chris Neaves. Homeopath, Randburg, South Africa
Andrew Neil. M.A., PhD (hon), Publisher of The Business (London) The Scotsman and Evening News (Edinburgh). Formerly editor of the Sunday Times of London, UK editor of The Economist and Executive editor of Fox Television News in the US
J.B. Neilands. PhD, Professor Emeritus of Biochemistry, University of California, Berkeley [Says Duesberg makes an excellent case that Hiv is not the cause of Aids and we need an investigation of corruption in the federal AIDS program] Cindy Nelson. M.A., San Francisco, California
Jeff Neo. Engineer, Republic Polytechnic Institute, Singapore
Dr. Willi Neuhold. Homeopathic Physician, Graz, Germany
Felix Mosi Ngamlagosi. Economist, Ministry of Water and Livestock Development, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania
Emmanuel Ngembo. PhD, Mathematician, University of Alberta, Canada
Richard Ngwenya. MD, Adjunct Clinical Professor of Medicine, Institute for Molecular Medicine, Huntington Beach, California; Executive Medical Director, James Mobb Immune Enhancement Clinics, Harare, Zimbabwe
Lorena Nicardi. PhD, Sesto San Giovanni, Italy
Dian Nicholson. AMA, Metaphysician/Psychotherapist. Author, Lies Your Ego Told You, Toronto, Canada
Cathy Nickels. MS Certified Health Education Specialist Instructor, – IUPUI, Indianapolis, Indiana
Dominica Nieddu. MSW, Social Worker, San Miguel County Health Office, Santa Fe, New Mexico
Serge Niederhoffer. Psychotherapist, Mulhouse, France
Rainer Niederkofler. PhD, Institute for Public Management, Bozen, Italy
Peter Zinck Nielsen. M.Sc., Stvring, Denmark
J. Lawrence Nieters. PhD, Psychotherapist, Kansas City, Kansas
Greg Nigh. N.D., L.Ac, Naturopathic Physician, Licensed Acupuncturist, Portland, Oregon
Bernardo Nigrini. Writer, Pretoria, South Africa
Nelson Nisenbaum. MD, So Paulo, Brasil
Paul Nison. Author, The Raw Life: Becoming Natural in an Unnatural World, Raw Knowledge: Enhance the Powers of Your Mind, Body, & Soul and Healing Inflammatory Bowel Disease. New York
Michael Nitsche. Dipl.-Inform. Technische Universitt Berlin
Carlo Nizzo. PhD, Universit di Torino, Italy
George Noory. Journalist, Former news director, KMSP-TV in Minneapolis; Radio talk show host
Dennis Noren. M.A., Statistics, San Jose, California
Darius Nosreti. Ostrava, Czech Republic, Science Journalist, author of Medicinal Database Archeus
Ajir Nott. PhD, Research Associate, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, San Diego, California
Chicgoua Noubactep . PhD, Geochemist, Geoscientific Center of the University of Goettingen, Germany
Liliane Nouth. Dipl. Inf., Executive Committee member, Association of Cameroonian engineers and computer scientists
Raymond W. Novaco. PhD, Professor of Psychology & Social Behavior, University of California at Irvine
Aline Nsounta. PhD student, Molecular Biology, University of Mannheim and University of Heidelberg, Germany
Stanley Ntagali. M.A., Oxford, UK
Pierre Olivier Ntongmo. Dipl. Elektrotechnik, Berlin, Germany
Khulekani Ntshangase. Spokesperson, African National Congress, Johannesburg, South Africa
Monde Ntwasa. PhD, Lecturer in Molecular Biology, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
Josephine Nujoma. Biomedical Technical Engineer, Windhoek, Namibia
Gary Null. PhD, syndicated host of Natural Living with Gary Null, author ( AIDS, A Second Opinion ), and a producer of PBS special programs. His Deconstructing the Myth of AIDS won the Audience Award for Best Documentary at both the New York and Los Angeles International Independent Film and Video Festivals.
Chris Nwaokobia. Journalist, Lagos, Nigeria
Marleen Nys. M.Sc., Biostatistics, Gent, Belgium
Michael D. OConnor. MLS, Medical Librarian, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston
John O’Donnell. Laboratory Technician, Dartmouth College, New Hampshire
Paddy OGorman. Journalist and TV/Radio Broadcaster, Dublin, Ireland
Peggy OMara. Editor and Publisher, Mothering Magazine
Dr. John O’Neal. Tucker, Georgia
Tim OShea. D.C., San Jose, California. Author, To Health and Back, The Superfoods, Conventional Medicine Vs. Holistic: A World Of Difference and other books
Robert Obrian. Writer, Editor, Attorney, Long Island City, New York
David S. Oderberg. D.Phil (Oxford) Professor of Philosophy, University of Reading, UK
Ezra Odhiambo. Electrical Engineer, Nairobi, Kenya
William Oei. JD, Redondo Beach, California
Jeff Ofstedahl. Columnist and General Manager, Echo Magazine, Phoenix, Arizona
Gregory Ogle. Attorney, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
Dr. Ahmed E.O. Ogwell. Director, Non Communicable Diseases, Ministry of Health, Nairobi, Kenya
Kwabena Awuah Ohene-gyan. PhD, Bacteriologist, London, UK
Dr. Paul Olisa Adaka Ojeih. Medical Director, Iris Medical Foundation, Lagos, Nigeria, author, Man and Diseases, AIDS: The Untold Truth and Cure, and AIDS: The Plague That Never Existed
Chima Oji. MD, DDS, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria
Qevin Oji. Writer/Editor, Playwright, Los Angeles, California
Dr. Chima Oji. Professor of Medicine, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu. Author of three textbooks and the book Unter die Deutschen gefallen – Erfahrungen eines Afrikaners (Fallen under Germans – Experiences of an African)
Anthony I. Okoh. PhD, Lecturer, Department Of Microbiology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
Samuel Okoro. Engineer, Lagos, Nigeria
Martin Okot-Wang. MD, Head of TB wards, Old Mulego Hospital, Kampala, Uganda [Says Aids often misdiagnosed in Africa and the Hiv tests kill people by destroying hope] Sam Okware. MD, Deputy Director, Medical Services, AIDS and Communicable Diseases, Uganda
John Olander. Health Officer, Lanesborough, New Ashford and Richmond, Massachusetts Boards of Health
John Olex. RN, Louisville, Kentucky
Julio Oliveira. DDS, MSc, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Rick Oliver. L.Ac, Ms.D, Acupuncturist, Los Angeles, Calif
Ofelia Olivero. Phd, Staff Scientist, U.S. National Cancer Institute [Says AZT extremely toxic] Anna Olson. Journalist, Winnipeg, Canada
Beverly Olson. RN, New York
Fernando Ongay. PhD, Professor of Mathematics, Universidad Nacional Autnoma de Mxico
Vitale Onorato. President, La Leva di Archimede Associazione di Consumatori, Roma, Italy
Gianluca Orlandi. PhD Student in Physics. Civitanova Marche, Italy
David J. Orman. M.Sc., San Diego, California
Cindy Orser. PhD, Asst. Prof. Bacteriology, Univ. Idaho, Moscow, Idaho
Alejandro Ortiz-Stern. Medical Student, Instituto de Investigaciones Biomdicas, Mexico City
Charles Ortleb. Author; Publisher, The New York Native
Maria Ortuo. PhD, Granada, Spain
Okoth Osewe. Writer; Secretary, Kenya Socialist Democratic Alliance
Neenyah Ostrom. science journalist, author, free-lance science researcher for ABC News. News and Public Information Director, Chronic Illness Research Foundation
Paul Ostyn. PhD, Professor of Linguistics, University of Namur, Belgium
Rafael Oter. Health writer, Barcelona, Spain
Ronald P. Ouellette. PhD, Psychoanalyst, Florida
Julio Oviedo. MD, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Nduhukhire Owa-Mataze. Senior Lecturer, Political Economist, Uganda Martyrs University, Uganda
Bob L. Owen. PhD, author, Rogers Recovery from AIDS
Chris Owens. M.A. student Counseling Psychology, Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana
Giancarlo Pace. PhD, Astrophysicist, Universita di Trieste, Italy
John G. Padgett. Former staff member, Aids Healthcare Foundation, Pharmacy Department
Khemfoia Padu. D.C., Englewood, New Jersey
Armando Paez. M.Sc., Anthropology and Sustainable Development; Architect, Universidad de las Amricas, Puebla, Mxico
Barry Page. M.Sc., Department of Medical Physics, Royal Perth Hospital, University of Western Australia
Camille Paglia. PhD, Professor of Humanities at University of the Arts in Philadelphia. Author, Sexual Personae, Sex, Art and American Culture
Montserrat Palacin. MD, President of Spanish Kousmine Association, Expert in RPG, Barcelona, Spain
Montse Palau. Professor of Philology, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Spain
Rebel Palm-Aitchison. M.A., PhD candidate, Univ New Mexico, Albuquerque
Annie Palmer. Chiropractor, Washougal, Washington
Geeta Palumbo. Instructor, Columbia University School of Nursing
Thomas Palumbo. RN, New York City
Fritz Pampus. Dipl.-Psych. Psychologist, Munich, Germany
Birenda Kumar Panda. PhD, Physicist, Bhubaneswar, Germany
Geevee Pandala. MD, PhD, Eranakulam, Kerala, India
Massimo Pandiani. MB, BCh. Physician, Urologist, Milano, Italy. Founder, Italian Medical Association of Applied Nutrition; Director, Italian School of Applied Nutrition. Author, Guida al corretto utilizzo di vitamine e minerali nella nutrizione, Trattato di Medicina Funzionale, L’Invecchiamento – Invecchiare in salute con le strategie della medicina funzionale and other books.
Inez Pandit. MD, Assistant Professor, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Sharad Arvind Pandit. MD, Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine, Medical College of Pennsylvania, Hahnemann University, Philadelphia
Danny Pansters. PhD Physics, s-hertogenbosch, Netherlands
Vera Pantanizopoulos-broux. M.A., Lecturer, University of Tennessee, Instructor, Maryville College. Fulbright fellow.
John M. Papadimitriou. MD, PhD, Professor of Pathology, Royal Perth Hospital, University of Western Australia
Eleni Papadopulos-Eleopulos. Biophysicist, Department of Medical Physics, Royal Perth Hospital, University of Western Australia
Athanasios Papoulias. Dipl. Inform, Universitt Dortmund, Germany
Charles Parcells. MBA, Grosse Pointe, Michigan
Renzo Pareja Valencia. DDS, Dental Surgeon, Lima, Peru
Rita Parikh. M.A., Journalist, Exec. Director, Pacific Peoples Partnership, Victoria, BC, Canada
Anthony R. Parish. PhD, Medical Researcher, Norwich, UK
Ben Parish. M.Sc., London, UK
Ju-Youn Park. PhD, Dept. of Microbiology, Yonsei University, Wonju College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Adrienne Parks. Writer, Researcher, Summa cum laude grad., Princeton University
Jose E. Parra Pieros. M.Sc., Biologist, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogota, Colombia
Mauro Pasqui. Dental Student, Bologna, Italy
Siro Passi. PhD, Biochemist, head of the Cell Aging Center of the IDI Research Institute, Rome, former Scientific Director and Head of the Physiopathology Laboratory, St. Gallicano Research Institute, Rome
George N. Pasto. MD, Portland, Oregon
Janardhan Patil. MD, Satara, India
Sebastian Patino. Literature Professor, Mexico City
Eric Patrick. Grad. Student, Political Science, San Francisco, California
Eric Patrick. Grad. Student, San Francisco State University
Bryan Patterson. Registered Nurse, Physical Therapist Assistant, Midland, Texas
Stefan Pattis. Naturopathic doctor, Meran, Italy
Most Rev. Martin J. Patton. CHt, Diplomat, Intl. Medical and Dental Hypnotherapy Assoc. Exec. Director, Attitudes For Wellness, Cincinnati, Ohio
Stephen Pauker. MD, New England Medical Center, Boston [Says Hiv tests result in far more false positives than true] M. Dennis Paul. Ph.D., Thought Addiction Specialist, Counselor/Therapist, Windsor, New Hampshire
Jos Paula. PhD, Lisbon, Portugal
Hannes G. Pauli. MD, Former Director Bern Univ. Med. Faculty, Bern, Switzerland
Linus Pauling. PhD, Chemist, two-time winner of the Nobel Prize [Said high dose Vitamin C can control Aids] Sunny Paulose. Doha, Qatar, Postgraduate Dental Surgeon
Alexander E. Paulsen. Engineer, Jacksonville, Florida
Colin R. Payne. M.A., Norwich, UK
Marianne Payne. Midwife, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Colin Payne. Head, Mathematics Dept., Broadland School, Wroxham, UK
Humberto Payno. Psychotherapist, Mexico City
Leonard Payton. PhD, University of California, San Diego
Joseph Pazillo. Playwright and lyricist, New York City
Lawrence Pease. Chemist, Engineer (Retired), Costa Mesa, California
J. Michael Peat. Arlington, Texas, Director of Technology, Inside Technology USA
Raymond Peat. PhD, Biology. Taught at University of Oregon, Montana State University, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Mexico, and Blake College. Author, Progesterone in Orthomolecular Medicine, Nutrition for Women, From PMS to Menopause: Female Hormones in Context and other books
Salvatore Pece. MD, Department of Internal Medicine, Immunology and Infectious Diseases, University of Bari Medical School, Bari, Italy
Mwalu Peeters. Nutritionist, Squamish, BC, Canada
Christopher Peguero. Sociologist, Seattle, Washington
Bernard G Peissel. MD, Researcher, Milan, Italy
Jamila Peiter. Author, Mein Hunger nach Liebe, Frankfurt, Germany
Bratislav Pejovic. Journalist, Beograd, Serbia
Ross Pengilley. PhD, Zoologist, Darwin Australia
Corrado Penna. Math and Physics teacher, Messina, Italy
Luanne Pennesi. RN, MS, President of Metropolitan Wellness Center, New York, NY
Gerie Perez. Registered nurse, McAllen, Texas
Antonio Perez. Attorney, Madrid, Spain
Pilar Peris. MD, Barcelona, Spain
Daniela Perotti. PhD, Researcher, Division of Pediatric Oncology, Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Milan, Italy
Jack Perrine. PhD, Pasadena, California
Stephan Petrowitsch. Psychotherapist, Institut fr aktive Lebensgestaltung, Aystetten, Germany
Rolf-Jrgen Petry. Heilpraktiker, Gnarrenburg, Germany. Author, Strophanthin – der mgliche Sieg ber den Herzinfarkt. (Strophanthin – the possible victory over the cardiac infarction)
Maya Petzoldt. Film Maker, Reykjavik, Iceland
Ulrike Pfalzgraf. Editor, PC Mobile, Munich Germany
Markus Pfister. Phd, Zurich, Switzerland
Alain Pfouga. Dipl.-Ing., Engineer, Technische Universitt Darmstadt, Germany
Peter Philips. Publisher, Pacific Maritime Magazine
Daniel Phillips. MBA, Retired Accounting Professor, Clinton, Connecticut
Peter Phillips. PhD, Professor of Sociology at Soma University in California, Director of Project Censored, author of Censored 1998
Alan Phillips. Author, attorney; Co-Director, Citizens for Healthcare Freedom, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Lesley Phillips. Attorney, Cambridge, Massachusetts
John L. Philp. MD, MPH, Stockton, California
Paul Philpott. M.Sc., Editor, Reappraising Aids
Philippe Pien. PhD, Natural Medicine Specialist, Le Change, France
David Pierotti. PhD, Environmental Chemist, Albuquerque, New Mexico
Mark Pierpont. Hiv/Aids Prevention Program Coordinator, Manatee County Health Department, Florida (resigned in protest when he realized that Hiv-Aids was a fraud)
Clare Pierson. MA, Dip Ed Psych., Registered Psychologist, Christchurch, New Zealand
Nick Pietrowicz. Attorney, Washington Crossing, Pennsylvania
Kriben Pillay. PhD, University of Durban-Westville, South Africa
Rachael Pirner. Attorney, Wichita, Kansas
Richard L. Pitter. PhD, Desert Research Inst., Univ. Nevada System, Reno, Nevada
Hctor G. Plascencia-Gonzlez. M.Sc., Taxonomy and Ecology; Assoc. Investigator, Laboratorio de Ictiologa y Biodiversidad, CIAD-Unidad Mazatln, Mexico
Guillem Plasencia. PhD, Biochemistry, University of Barcelona, Spain
Errol Platt. M.Sc., Toronto, Canada
Ana Maria Plaza Garcia. PhD, Instituto Nacional de Engenharia, Tecnologia e Inovao, Portugal
Denise C. Plouviez. Registered Nurse, Milton, Florida
Peter W. Plumley. FSA, Chicago, Illinois
Mark Plunkett. MD, Los Angeles, California
Jason Pociask. MCD ITS, Tempe, Arizona
Gilles Pokam. PhD, Institut de Recherche en Informatique et Systmes Alatoires, Rennes, France
Richard Pokorny. Student of Oriental Medicine, Pacific Institute of Oriental Medicine
Dag Viljen Poleszynski. PhD, Professor in Nutrition and Orthomolecular Medicine, Harstad College, Norway
Michael Pollex. Doctoral candidate in sociology, University of British Columbia
Nancy Polonitza. Psychotherapist, Ocean County College, Toms River, New Jersey
Victor Pond. Project Director, MOCHA Coalition (Men Of Color Committed to Healthier Alternatives), Chicago Department of Public Health, Chicago, Illinois
Jose F. Poole. MD, Ophthalmolgist, Member, British Medical Council, San Bartolome De Lanzarote, Spain
Anca Pop. PhD, Biochemistry, University of Bucharest, Romania. Biochemist, British Columbia, Canada.
Nicoliene Potgieter. Dipl. Homopathin, Lecturer, SHI Homeopathy School, Basel, Switzerland
Robert Poth. Journalist, Vienna, Austria
Pierre Ferdinand Poudeu. PhD, Inorganic Chemistry, Technische Universitt Dresden, Germany
David Pouh. PhD, Researcher, Technische Universitt Berlin, Germany
Kenneth Power. MD, Board Certified Family Practice, Frankfort, Indiana
Alessandro Pozzetti. Playwright and author, Milano, Italy. Co-author of the play and book, Virus: L’invenzione della Realt
Dr. Mario Camacho Prada. Governor of the State of Santander, Columbia
Ligia Prado. Biology teacher, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Federico Prat. PhD, Universidad Politcnica de Valencia, Spain
Tyas Pribadi. M.Sc., Biology, Lecturer at State University of Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia
Ronald F. Price. PhD, La Trobe Univ., Bundoora, Victoria, Australia
Andrea Price. Founder and President, Public Access Indiana
Ritu Priya. MD, epidemiologist and professor at the Centre for Social Medicine and Community Health of the Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi, India [Says Hiv tests kill people and Aids patients recover with holistic treatment] Matthew Probert. Author, Handbook of Natural Language Processing and Conversational Computing and The Probert Encyclopedia
R.B. Prophet. PhD, Head of Dept. of Mathematics and Science Education, University of Botswana
Mary Prunchak. Principal, Advanced Educational Consulting; Holistic Health Care Writer for America Online. Alexandria, Virginia
Bumroong Puangkird. Postgrad. Student, Scientific & High Performance Computation Research Group, University of Wales, UK
Carlos Fils Puig. Chemical Dependency Counselor, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Richard Puntis. M.Sc., Toronto, Canada, Govt Appointee to the Council of Professional Geoscientists of Ontario
Gianna Putzu. Attorney, Milan, Italy
Abdul Qadir. Acting Chief (Environment Unit), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Islamabad, Pakistan
Mzukisi Qobo. PhD Candidate, Pretoria, South Africa
V. Quagliarello. proposed sperm exposure as a possible cause of AIDS in 1982 (rectally-deposited sperm has been found to be immunosuppressive in rabbits)
Yokow Quansah. MTM (Masters In Technology Management), Cape Town, South Africa
George Quasha. Writer/Editor. Author of Somapoetics, Giving the Lily Back Her Hands, Ainu Dreams and other books. Has taught at SUNY Stony Brook, NYU, The New School for Social Research and Bard College
Dr. Pierre Quellere. Berlin, Germany
Mario Luiz Pestana Quilici. MD, Psychoanalyst, So Paulo, Brazil
Heberto Quiones Serna. Attorney, Juarez, Mexico
Norberto Quintanar. Chicago, Illinois, Biochemist, Chemistry Lab Manager
Stephen Quinto. President, Natural Immunogenics Corp., Miami, Florida
Jose A. Quiroz. Research Associate, Cellular and Molecular Biology, Ligand Pharmaceuticals, San Diego, California
Otto Raabe. PhD, Professor and Director, Institute of Toxicology and Environmental Health, University of California, Davis
Alberto Rabelo Correa. Professor, Department of Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
Dr. Paul Rabinow. PhD, Professor of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley, author most recently of Making PCR: A Story of Biotechnology
Dorota Raciborska. PhD Physiology, University of Toronto, Health Consultant, Inter-American Development Bank
Marc Rackelmann. Dipl.-pol., Heilpraktiker fr Psychotherapie, Berlin, Germany
Regina Radach. Heilpraktikerin, Hamburg, Germany
PP Raghavan. MD, Kannur, India
Francoise Railhet. Manager, LLL France Medical Associates Program, Neuilly Sur Marne, France
Barbara J. Raisbeck. PhD, Holistic Nutrition, Director, Alive&Well, Eugene, Oregon
Herminia Ramirez-Daz. BCL, Metropolitan Blood Bank, Ramon Gonzalez Valencia University Hospital, Bucaramanga, Colombia
Felip Ramis. MD, Palma de Mallorca, Spain
Taoufik Ramla. MD, Facult de Mdecine de Marrakech, Morocco
James Randall. M.S. student Biology, Chicago, Illinois
Pavle Randjelovic. Medical Student, Nis, Serbia
Rafael Rangel-Aldao. PhD, Professor and Director, Center for Biotechnology, Institute of Advanced Studies, Simon Bolivar University, Caracas, Venezuela; Director of Research and Innovation, Empresas Polar, Venezuela
Steven Ransom. Co-author, World Without Aids and author of many other books about scientific/medical corruption
Spiros Rantos. Lecturer, University of Queensland, Australia
Jon Rappoport. Investigative reporter, author, AIDS, Inc. The Scandal of the Century
Carolyn Rasche. PhD, Psychotherapist, Atlanta, Georgia
David Rasnick. PhD, Biochemist, Protease Inhibitor Developer, University of California
Molly Ratcliffe. science writer, London, UK
Matthias Rath. MD, Director, Dr. Rath Health Foundation, The Hague, Netherlands [Says Aids can be controlled with Vitamin C and other natural therapies] Dennis D. Rathman. Research Affiliate, Lincoln Laboratory, MIT
Richard A. Ratner. MD, Bethesda, Maryland
Patrick Rattigan. ND, Chesterfield, England
Frans Rautenbach. Attorney, Director, Labour Liberation Institute, Cape Town, South Africa. Author of Set The Workers Free, Labour Litigation and Liberating South African Labour from the Law
Andres Rhudy B. Ravelo Jr.. MSW, Board Member, Philippines Social Worker Professional Regulation Commission. Quezon City, Philippines
Francis Raymond. MSc, M.I.T., Chairman and CEO, Beyond Health Corp., author of the book, Never Be Sick Again
Bryn Read. Nursing student, Sunbury, Ohio
Dr. Leo Rebello. PhD, D.Sc., N.D., President of AIDS Alternativa International, Bombay, India
Rogers Reddings. PhD, Univ. North Texas, Denton, Texas
Sasidhar M Reddy. Post Graduate in Virology, SV University, Tirupathi, India
Manuel Redon. MD, Psychotherapist, Barcelona, Spain
Karen Reedstrom. Editor, Full Context Magazine
Anthony Rees. Naturopathic Physician, Director, International College of Phytotherapy, Durban Kwazulu – Natal, South Africa
Christopher James Regan. J.D., South Bend, Indiana
Nicholas Regush. Medical Science Reporter, Former Science Producer, ABC News with Peter Jennings, Editor, Red Flags Daily
Leanne Reid. Registered Nurse, Nutritionist, London, UK
Christian Reig. Hospital Nurse, Thuir, France
Robert Reis. M.A., Linguist, Chicago, Illinois
Lon Renard. Psychotherapist, lecturer and writer. Author, Le cancer apprivois (”Tamed Cancer”) and La mdecine de lme du Dr Edward Bach. Noville-les-bois, Belgium
Panighetti Renzo. PhD, Nutrition, Biasca, Switzerland
Carlos Repetto. PhD, Psychologist. President, Centro de Investigaciones de Medios y Semiologa de la Vida Cotidiana. Buenos Aires, Argentina
Stephen J. Repitor. DPM, Oak Park, Michigan
Christoph Resch. University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria
Katalin Reszegi. Microbiologist, Carlsbad, California
Claudia J.G. Rey. RN, Bucaramanga, Colombia
Alvin Reyes. MD, Manila, Philippines
Carmen Ribes. MD, Gastroenterologist, Valencia, Spain
Marinella Ribolzi. Health Consultant, Dept. of Health, Ticino, Switzerland; Editorial Asst., Annals of Oncology
Tarik Ricard. Former LVN-OR-Surg. Tech., ICU Tech. Wellness Promotor/Activist, Santa Monica, California
Louis Ricci. PhD, Adj. Professor of Clinical Psychology, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil
Rodney Richards. PhD, Biochemist, Founding scientist for the biotech company Amgen. Collaborated with Abbott Laboratories in developing some of the first HIV tests
Artenio Olivio Richter. MD, Campo Grande, Brazil
Hildegard B. Richter. Director, Associao Brasiliera de Technologia Alternative na Promoo da Sade, So Paulo, Brazil; Author, AIDS: Inveno de uma nova doena?
Artenio Olivio Richter. Naturopathic doctor, Campo Grande, Brazil
The staff of Science Guardian take their ease in a rare break from running away as fast as they can from defenders of the HIV faith who want to render them muteJudith Riesman. PhD, Author, Arlington, Virginia
Louis A. Rigali. Editor, The Vortex, the monthly publication of the California Section of the American Chemical Society
Marco Rigo. MD, Surgeon, Borgo Valsugana, Italy
Michael Ristow. PhD, Bochum, Germany
Henner Ritter. MD, Psychotherapist; Director, PADMA Institut fr Holistisches Heilen und Wachsen, Stuttgart, Germany
Nestor Rivero. Chemist, Environmental Specialist, Santa Clara, Cuba
U Rizwan. PhD, Karachi, Pakistan
Mel T. Roach. Avatar Research, Tuscon, Arizona
John Robbins. Author, Diet for a New America and Reclaiming Our Health
JH Robbins. M.Ed, Austin, Texas
Allen Roberds. Doctor of Chiropractic, Fayetteville Arkansas
Janine Roberts. M.A., Medical Writer and Film Maker, Bristol, UK. Her films on human rights issues have been seen on BBC and other networks worldwide and won various film festival awards
John Roberts. PhD, Research Associate in Physics, University of Utah
Waddell Robey. MS, Health Sciences Administration, Managing Director, LifeNet21, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
Peter Robinson. PhD, Mathematics Air Force Research Laboratory, Cincinnati, Ohio
Raj Roche. M.A., Tamilnadu Tribal Think Tank, Tamilnadu, India
Pedro Rdenas. MD, founder of Integral, Natura Medicatrix magazines and the Center for Integrative Medicine of Barcelona
Gisela Rdl-Linder. Naturopathic Doctor, Berlin, Germany
Joe Rodrigue. PhD, Computer Engineer, Yale University, New Haven
Richard D. Rodriguez. M.A., Sociology, Miami, Florida
Diego A. Rodriguez. MD, Urologist, Ciudad Real, Spain
Noe Rodriguez. Chemical Engineer, Lima, Peru
Rafael D. Rodrguez. PhD, Biochemical Engineer & Biophysicist, Mexico City
Dr. Peter Roemer. Augsburg, Germany
Annette Rohde. HP, Psychotherapist, Essen, Germany
Douglas Roise. MD, St. Josephs Hospital, Dickenson, North Dakota
Arcadio Rojo. PhD, Anthropologist, Barcelona, Spain
Steven Roman. PhD, San Diego, California
Robert Root-Bernstein. PhD, Professor of Physiology, Michigan State University
John Rosa. Electrical Engineer, Seattle, Washington
T.O. Rosales. MD, FRCPC, Pediatrician/Geneticist, St. Johns, Newfoundland, Canada
Michelle Rosalia. R.N., Coraopolis, Pennsylvania
Patti R. Rose. MPH, Ed.D; Associate Professor of Public Health, Nova Southeastern University, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida
Gary A. Rose, Sr.. J.D., Clallam Bay, Washington
Philip Rosen. PhD Prof. Physics, Univ. Mass. Amherst, Massachusetts
Elio Rossi. MD, Clinical Pathologist, Director, LAB IGEA, Roma, Italy
Luca Rossi. Journalist, Milano, Italy. Author, Sex Virus
John Rossi III. PhD, Toxicologist, Naval Medical Research Institute; Adjunct Asst. Prof. of Pharmacology/ Toxicology, Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio
Frank Rothschild. Project Dir., Berkeley Project on Bioscience & Society, California
Jean-Claude Roussez. Science Journalist, France, Author, SIDA: supercherie scientifique et arnaque humanitaire (AIDS: scientific hoax and humanitarian rip-off) (2004)
Montserrat Rovira. MD, PhD, Barcelona, Spain
J. Spencer Rowe. M.A., Social Worker, Writer, Victoria, BC, Canada
Shubhojit Roy. MD, Santiniketan, India
Samar Roy. Director, Bangladesh Centre for Development, Journalism and Communication, Dhaka
Jeffrey Royal. M.S. Biomedical Engineering, San Francisco, California
Kino S. Ruben. MD, Dept. of Health, Chuuk State, Federated States Of Micronesia
Harry Rubin. DVM, Professor of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley
Anita Rubin-meiller. MSW, Psychotherapist, Ann Arbor, Michigan
Helmar Rudolph. Managing Editor, Marketing Competence Magazine, Cape Town, South Africa
Juan David Rueda Ramrez. M.Sc., Instructor, University of Antioquia, Medelln, Colombia
Violette Ruffley. R.N., C.H., Certified Hypnotherapist, Franklin, North Carolina
Denis Rugege. MSc, Ecological Surveyor, Pitermaritzburg, South Africa
John Ruhland. N.D, Seattle
Alex Russell. MA, Journalist, Assistant Editor, Continuum Magazine
Mugizi Rwebangira. PhD Student, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Mark Ryland. JD, Director, The Discovery Institute, Washington DC; Senior Fellow of its Center for Science and Culture
Dr. Ahmed Saad. Los Angeles, California
Aapo Ssk. M.Sc., M.A., MBA, Developer of water purification technology, Consultant on Third World Development to World Bank, WTO, FAO. Stockholm, Sweden
Brooke Saathoff. MS Psychology, Parsons, Kansas
Marco Saba. Science Investigator, Ethical Environmental Observatory, Milano, Italy
Renato Sabelli. Biochemist, Tor Vergata University, Rome, Italy
Juliane Sacher. MD, Frankfurt, Germany
Kevin Sahr. M.Sc., Asst. Professor, Computer Science, Southern Oregon University, Ashland
Shawque Said. Research Director, BeverAsia, Singapore
Ernest Saila. Chief Community Liaison Officer for Care, Counselling & Support, Hiv-Aids and STD Directorate, Department of Health, South Africa
Balwant Saini. PhD, Emeritus Professor and former head of the Dept. of Architecture, University of Queensland, Australia. Consultant to the UN, Asian Development Bank and Australian Government. Author of several university textbooks
Henri-Claude Saint-Fleur. Clinical Psychologist, D.E.S.S. (University of Lille, France), North Miami Beach, Florida
Chris Sakellariou. PhD, Singapore
Chris N. Sakellariou. Assoc. Professor, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Ivn Salas Vergara. MD, Universidad de Antioquia, Medelln, Colombia
Abdul Salau. Faculty, African-American Studies, Temple University, Philadelphia
Saleban Saleban. MD, MSc, Infectious diseases and tropical medicine. Medical coordinator of HIV/AIDS prevention and care in Rakai District, Uganda
David F. Salehi. PhD, Lake Dallas, Texas
Jose Maria Salinas. Computer Engineer, Dept. of Computer Science and Artificial intelligence, Universidad de Alicante, Spain
Tripen Salopal. MD, Pathology-Director, local blood bank, Delhi, India
Asha A. Samad. Medical Anthropologist, City University of New York, Director, Human Rights Center, Former Director, Womens Studies Program, Professor of Africana Studies, City College, NY
Lin Sampson. Journalist, Sunday Times, Cape Town, South Africa
Via San Giovanni III. Messina, Italy, Mathematics and Physics teacher
Adda Sanchez. MD and homeopathic doctor in Guadalajara, Mxico
Gerardo Sanchez. PhD, Nutritionist, Miami, Florida; Author, VIH/SIDA, Una Gran Mentira (HIV/AIDS, a Great Lie); President, USAS, Union por Soluciones Alternativas para el SIDA (Organization for Alternative Solutions for AIDS) and Director of
Scott Sandland. C.Ht, Certified Medical Hypnotherapist, Newport Beach, California
Cristobal A.P. Sandoval. MD, Cuba
Heinz Ludwig Snger. PhD, Emeritus Professor of Molecular Biology and Virology and a former director of the Department of Viroid Research, Max Planck Institute for Biochemistry, Germany; Recipient of the international Robert Koch award for medical research, 1978
Leonida Santamaria. MD, Pathologist, University of Pavia, Italy, co-author, Nutrients in Cancer Prevention and Treatment
Franco Santi Ranieri. Terapeuta, Consulente, Ricercatore, AIDAS-Associazione Informazione Difesa Assistenza Salute, Lucca, Italy
Daniele Santini. MD, Cancer Researcher, Rome, Italy
Alex Santoro. M.A., Kansas City, Missouri
George Sarant. MD, Bronx, New York
Sascha Sarnoff. Co-founder and President, Health Advocacy in the Public Interest, Santa Barbara, California
Vinod Sasidharan. PhD, Assistant Professor, San Diego State University, California
Guido Sassi. Asst. Professor of Chemical Engineering, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
Massimiliano Sassoli de’ Bianchi. PhD, Theoretical Physicist, Institut de Physique Thorique, Ecole Polytechnique Fdrale de Lausanne, Switzerland
Masahiko Satou. Medical Science Journalist, Sapporo, Japan
Stephan Sauer. Researcher, MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Imperial College School of Medicine, London UK
Irina M. Sazonova. MD, Moscow, Russia. Co-Author, Rezonansnyi test: Vozmozhnosti diagnostiki i terapii, (Resonance test. Possibilities of diagnostics and therapy) and Aids. Sentence abolished, Rossiiskii universitet druzhby narodov
Edward Scanlon. PhD, Assistant Professor, University of Kansas, Lawrence
Kathy Scarborough. President, Vaccination Information South Australia; Author, Investigate Before You Vaccinate. A guide for parents
Beatrice Scarlata. M.A., LPC, Mental Health Counselor, Brentwood, Tennessee
Adam Scavone. Grad. Student in Public Health, Columbia University, New York
Dr. Gero Schfer. Darmstadt, Germany
Christian Tal Schaller. MD, Director, Institut de Sant Globale (Institute of Total Health), Taulignan, France; Author, SIDA Espoir (AIDS Hope)
Liam Scheff. Journalist
Adam Schiavi. PhD Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, MD, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida
Nicola Schiavone. PhD, Researcher, Department of Experimental Pathology and Oncology, University of Florence, Italy
Alke Schlottag. DDS, Berlin, Germany
Casper Schmidt. MD, New York
Dr. Eberhard Schmidt. Bamberg, Germany
Dr. Heinz Dieter Schneider. Moeglingen, Germany
Russell Schoch. Editor, California Monthly, Berkeley, California
Robert Scholl. CEO and President, Childrens Wilderness Fund, Tarpon Springs, Florida
Katinka Schrder. Journalist and author, Dortmund, Germany
David R. Schryer. PhD, Hampton, Virginia
Dr. Ute Schumann. Health consultant to the European Union
Jon Schwabach. PhD, Psychotherapist, Vancouver, Canada
Jody R. Schwartz. PhD, Genome Sciences Department, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California
James Schwenk. Electrical Engineer, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Donald Schwoerer. M.A., School Psychologist, Hyde Park
Frederic I. Scott. Jr., Editor, American Clinical Laboratory, Baltimore, Maryland
Timothy Scott. CSW, New York, NY
David Scott. PhD, San Francisco, CA
David Scott. Attorney, Miami, Florida
David Scott. JD, Miami, Florida
Robin Scovill. Director of La Vergine Degli Angeli, The Other Side of AIDS and other films. Los Angeles
Bibiana Nalwiindi Seaborn. Womens Health Interaction and Inter Pares, Ottawa, Canada. Co-author, Uncommon Questions: A Feminist Exploration of AIDS
Karen Seabrooke. Writer, Inter Pares, the Canadian Social Justice Organization; Member, Canadian National Advisory Council; co-author, Uncommon Questions: A Feminist Exploration of AIDS
Joanne Searle. Psychotherapist, Johannesburg, South Africa
Antigona Segura. PhD, Post-Doctoral Researcher in Astrobiology, Penn State University
Carlos Haubi Segura. PhD, DVM, Veterinarian, Animal Nutritionist, Mexico City
C. Grier Sellers. M.S. Biology, Seattle, Washington
Jeremy Selvey. Hypnotherapist, Director, Project AIDS International, Los Angeles
Alexandre Semionov. MD, Medical Geneticist, Montreal, Canada
Eugene Semon. BChE, PE, Chemical Engineer, Englewood, NJ
Bhavana Sen. MBBS, D.O, DNB Ophthalmologist, Mumbai, India
Fikeni E.M.K. Senkoro. Associate Professor, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, Senior Fellow, Rockefeller African Humanities Institute, Fellow, W.E.B. Du Bois Institute for Afro-American Research, Harvard University
D’jahma Sentwali. Poet, novelist, New York City
Zachary Senwo. PhD, Associate Professor of Environmental BioScience and Toxicology, Alabama A&M University
Valter Sergo. Professor, Materials Engineering and Applied Chemistry Dept., University of Trieste, Italy
Alessandro Sermoneta. Screenwriter, Rome, Italy
Francis Serrano. MD, Manila, Philippines
Lesiba Job Seshoka. International Relations Officer, Democratic Nursing Organisation of South Africa (DENOSA)
Siegbert Setsevits. Attorney, Berlin, Germany
Serdal Sevinc. PhD, Post-Doctoral Fellow, Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of Ottawa, Canada
Abdulalim A. Shabazz. M.Sc, M.I.T., PhD, Cornell Univ.; Distinguished Prof. of Mathematics, Lincoln University, Pennsylvania. Former chair, Mathematics Dept., Atlanta Univ.; American Assn. for the Advancement of Science “Mentor Award” (1992); National Assn. Of Mathematicians Distinguished Service Award; 1995 recipient of the QEM/MSE “Giants in Science” Award
Muslim Shahid. Inorganic chemist, research and development scientist, inventor, Houston, Texas
Inbar Shai. PhD, Brookline, Massachusetts
Frank Shallenberger. MD, former professor, University of California School of Medicine at Davis and John F. Kennedy University in Orinda, California; Secretary, Orthomolecular Medical Society; Medical Board of Directors, Huxley Institute for Biosocial Research; Founding Director of the International Bio-Oxidative Medicine Foundation
Amir Shariff. MD, Chicago, Illinois
Mohammad Mehdi Sharifi. ND, MSc, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, Doctor of Naturopathy, Master of Holistic Applied Nutrition
Ramesh Sharma. Gandhi Peace Foundation, India [Says the entire Aids campaign in India is profit-driven] Marla Shauer. Nurse, Washington, DC
Valerie Sheehan. MSW, certified psychotherapist and hypnotherapist, New York
Jack Sheehy. Nutritionist, Sunshine Coast, Australia
Sevl Sheldon. Psychiatrist, Pennsylvania
Michelle Sheldrake. M.Sc., PhD Candidate Medical Anthropology, Health Researcher, Brisbane, Australia
Joan Shenton. M.A., Meditel Productions, England. Medical journalist and producer of over 100 TV documentaries which won her company seven international awards as well as the British Royal Television Society Award and the British Medical Association Award
James T. Shepherd. MD, Port Arthur, Texas
David Sherwood. PhD, Psychotherapist, Poughkeepsie, New York
Vasant V. Shevale. DDS, Mumbai, India
John G. Shiber. PhD, University of Kentucky, Prestonberg, Kentucky
Alden Shiers. PhD, Professor of Economics, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo
Nagesh Shirgoppikar. MD., AIDS specialist, Salvation Army Clinic, Mumbai, India [Says Hiv+ patients, if treated holistically, remain in perfect health without Aids drugs] Joshua Shome. L.Ac, MSTOM, Acupuncturist, Oriental Medicine Practitioner, New York City
Ivy Shoots. PhD student, Miskatonic University, Massachusetts; Fulbright Scholar
James H. Shott. M.Ed, Bluefield, Virginia, Editorial Writer
Eric Shragge . PhD, Professor of Social Work, McGill University, Montreal, Canada. Author, Community Economic Development: In Search of Empowerment and other books
David Shugar. PhD, Prof. Biophysics, Univ. Warsaw, Editor, Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Poland
Mark Shulgasser. Playwright, Author, New York
Severin Sibailly. MD, physician, Abidjan, Cote dIvoire [Says many Hiv-negative women in Africa have Aids] Yannis Sideris. Professor of Social Sciences, Merchant Marine Academy, Thessaloniki, Greece
Irving P. Silberman. O.D., Hyde Park, New York
Nick Silikas. DDS, Research Associate, University of Manchester Dental School, UK
Fernando Silva. MD, Gynecologist, Madrid, Spain
Ernest G. Silver. PhD, Radiation Biologist, Oak Ridge, Tennessee
Thula Simpson. Postgraduate research student, University of London, UK
Beldeu Singh. M.Sc., Malaysia
Henri Sirio. Physiotherapist, osteopathy student, Saint Louis, France
Linda Sisson. RN, Director Support Coalition Northwest, Eugene, Oregon
Roy Skidmore. D.C., Chiropractor, San Jose, California
Roy Skodnick. Writer, art historian, New York City
Cynthia Skovgard. Doctor of Chiropractic, San Marcos, California
Steve Slaton. Fort Collins, Colorado, former PhD candidate in Immunology
Jason Slot. Biochemistry Research Technician, Boston, Massachusetts
April Smith. Medical Student, Oklahoma City
Casey Marie Smith. Licensed Acupuncturist and Certified Doula, Topanga, California
Lyle J. Smith. M.S. Ag Econ Univ. Calif. Davis; Biology Student; San Jose, California
Marcia Smith. ND, PhD, Nutrition, Fairfax, California
Tony Smith. CAGS, New York, NY
Sunyata Smith. Grad. Student in molecular biology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York
Stacie Smith. M.A., L.P.C., Psychotherapist, Atlanta, Georgia
James P. Snyder. PhD, Glenview, Illinois
David Sobers. PhD, Albuquerque, New Mexico
Michal Sobkowski. PhD, Chemistry, Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences
Wilmer Soler Terranova. MD, M.Sc., Profesor, Departamento de Fisiologa y Bioqumica, Facultad de medicina, Universidad de Antioquia, Medelln, Colombia
Mavo Solomon. M.Sc., Energy Analyst, Eskom Megawatt Park, Cape Town, South Africa
Eddie Solorzano. Hiv counselor, Pasadena, California Health Department, HIV Prevention Education Program
Xin Song. Computer Scientist, Universitt Trier, Germany
Joseph Sonnabend. MD, New York, founder of the American Foundation for AIDS Research (AmFAR) [Says Aids is multifactorial, AZT is a disaster and that heterosexual transmission is a hoax.] Carlos Sonnenschein. MD, Professor, Department of Anatomy and Cellular Biology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts
David M. Sonntag. PhD, MSPH, Environmental Toxicologist, Cincinnati, Ohio
Faith Sood. ex-chairman, Poona District Indian Red Cross Blood Bank (First in India to test blood for particles associated with hepatitis and AIDS), Pune, Maharashtra, India
Christian Sorflaten. Electrical Engineer, Fairfield, Connecticut
Manuel Garrido Sotelo. MD, Cangas Pontevedra, Spain
David Sotnik. Documentary Film Maker, New York City
Leon Southgate. Registered Nurse, London, England
Bruno Spagnoli. PhD candidate, Institut de Mecanique des Fluides, Toulouse, France
Anne H. Spencer. PhD, Founder and Director, International Medical and Dental Hypnotherapy Assoc. and Infinity International Institute of Hypnotherapy, Royal Oak, Michigan
Marie Madeleine Spencer. PhD, Post-doctoral Research Associate in Plant Sciences, University of Tennessee
Jean Pierre Spinosa. MD, Gynecologist, Lausanne, Switzerland
Susie Spivey-Tilson. M.Sc., Decatur, Georgia
Maria Spizzica. Grad. Student in Mental Health, Monash University College of Medicine. Melbourne, Australia
Dr. Heinz Spranger. PhD, DDM. German Nosologist and Semiotist, and Practitioner in Periodontology and Oral Medicine. Former founder and Dean of the Faculty of Oral Medicine at the University Witten/Herdecke, former head of the Department of Periodontology and Oral Medicine, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt/Main. Recipient of the German Ribbon of the Order of the Distinguished Service Cross for his humanitarian scientific efforts
Charles Ssali. MD, Ugandan physician and researcher in both western and traditional herbal medicines; Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons in London
John St. John. D.C., Chiropractor, Chagrin Falls, Ohio
Peter Staheli. Engineer, Currumbin, Australia
Kurt Stampfli. MD, Study Group on Nutrition and Immunity, Bern, Switzerland
Udo Stanglmeier. Bonn, Germany. Author, Myrobalan, The Elixir of life: A Life-prolonging Fruit of the Himalayas
Mark S. Stanley. PhD, Dept. Biol. Sciences, Univ. North Texas, Denton, Texas
Rita Stanley. PhD, Director, Northwest Lyme Disease Support Network, Portland, Oregon
Audrey Stanton. Medical Student, Oklahoma State University
Phillip Staple. DDS, Dental Surgeon, Kingston, Jamaica
Marcelle Stastny. MD, Psychiatrist, Cape Town, South Africa
David Steele. Attorney, San Francisco, California
Charles Stein. PhD, Instructor, Bard College, New York. Author, Secret of The Black Chrysanthemum and other books. Editor: Being = Space x Action: Searches for Freedom of Mind in mathematics, Art and Mysticism
Ralph R. Stephens. LMT, NCTMB, Certified Sports Massage Therapist, Certified Neuromuscular Therapist, Author, Cedar Rapids, Iowa
Randall L. Stephenson. Dept. of Philosophy, University of Toronto
Wendell Stephenson. PhD, Philosophy, Fresno City College, California
Kim Stephenson. Writer, Portland, Oregon
Henry Stephenson. D.C., Naturopathic Physician, Yelm, Washington
Alejandro Ortiz Stern. Medical Student, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico
Rachel Stern. MPP, Masters in Public Policy, Tujunga, California
Erin Steuter. PhD, Assoc. Professor, Mount Allison University, New Brunswick, Canada
Gordon Stewart. MD, Emeritus Professor of Public Health, University of Glasgow. Former Consultant Physician (Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine) to National Health Service (UK) and WHO
John Stewart. Film Director of The Asylum and other films, London, UK
Roberto P. Stock. PhD, Research Scientist, Instituto de Biotecnologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico
Cheryl Stoeber. MFT, RN, BCETS, Licensed Psychotherapist, Westlake Village, California
Jennifer Stonier. Womens Health Interaction, Quebec, Canada. Certifie Numavik. Co-author, Uncommon Questions: An Alternative Feminist Exploration of AIDS
Frank Stoppenbach. M.A., Mathematics, Columbia University
Philip Stowell. MB, BS, F.A.C.N.E.M., Physician, Brisbane, Australia
Howard Straus. Founder, Cancer Research Wellness Network; Author, Dr. Max Gerson: Healing the Hopeless. Carmel, California
John Strausbaugh. Journalist, former editor, The New York Press
James Strohecker. Executive Editor, Alternative Medicine: The Definitive Guide, author of many books on health and co-author of You Don’t Have to Die: Unraveling the AIDS Myth
Richard Strohman. PhD, Professor Emeritus of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley; former Director of the Health and Medical Sciences Program at UC Berkeley
Remo Strotkamp. Grad., Princeton University, Researcher, C&C Research Laboratories, Princeton, New Jersey
Eric Strzepek. Research Assistant, Environmental Issues, Competitive Enterprise Institute, Washington, DC
Harry Stulemeijer. Pharmacist, Schagen, Netherlands
Maria Grainne Beatrix Stumpfl. Engineer, Paris, France
Elsa Suarez. PhD, Bucaramanga, Colombia
Juan Carlos Surez Bermejo. PhD, Professor of Engineering, Universidad Politcnica de Madrid, Spain
David Subik. Sociologist, Brno, Czech Republic
Michael B. Sullivan. Graduate student in Psychology at Mississippi State University
Jeff Sullivan. MSW, Albany, New York
Peter J. Sullivan. M.A., New Milford, New Jersey
Richard Sunder. Psychotherapist, VP, Association Franaise de Pansmiotique, Paris, France
Kathryn Suslov. Medical and MPH student, Columbia University, Drexel University
Mattias Svensson. PhD candidate, Biotechnology, University of Lund, Sweden
Melvyn Sydney-Smith. MB BS, PhD. Adjunct Assoc. Professor, School of Health, University of New England; Director, Australian College of Holistic Medicine, Brisbane
Jean Symes. Institutional Program Coordinator, Inter Pares, the Canadian Social Justice Organization, Ottawa
John Szczubelek. JD, Assistant Attorney General, State of Michigan
Slawomir Szymanski. PhD and D.Sc. in Chemistry, Institute of Organic Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
Utis Taechaprut. PhD Student, Kings College, London, UK
Edward Tagoe. MD, Heidelberg, Germany
Djamel Tahi. Science Journalist, France
Julie Talavera. Medical Student, Tulane University. Recipient of the Francis M. Taylor award for Chemical Engineering
Walter Tarello. Veterinary Surgeon, Perugia, Italy
Carl Taylor. PhD, Professor and Director of Youth Development, Michigan State University Institute for Children, Youth and Families
Dr. Anne Taylor. PhD, Aberdeen, Scotland. Former postdoctoral research fellow in physiology, biochemistry and molecular biology at Penn State University, Edinburgh University and Aberdeen University
Djeukam Tchameni. MBA, Computer Scientist, Chairman, Free Cameroon Movement, 2004 Cameroon Presidential Candidate
Charles Blaise Tchapdeu. M.Sc., Berlin, Germany
Abdoullah Bertrand Tchouangeup. Dipl.- Engineering, Naval Architect, Member, Royal Institution of Naval Architects. Emden, Germany
Elisabeth Tejerina. MD, Barcelona, Spain
William F. Tell. Senior Analyst, Health Care Advisory Board, Washington, DC
Nemen M. Terc. Nuclear Physicist, Hallandale, Florida
Silvio Terra. M.Sc. Student, Oregon State University
Michael Theroux. Director, Borderland Scientific Research Foundation
Dion Thevarge. Registered Nurse, North Vancouver, BC, Canada
Ralf Thomaier. Engineer, Frankfurt, Germany
Charles Thomas. PhD, former Professor of Biochemistry, Harvard and Johns Hopkins Universities. Former chair of the Cell Biology Department, Scripps Research Institute
Joe Thomas. PhD, ICMR-WHO Proj. on AIDS, Calcutta, India
Charles B. Thomas. PhD, Chair, Dept. of Sociology, Anthropology and Criminal Justice, University of Michigan at Flint
Stuart A. Thomson. Director, Gaia Research Institute, Knysna, South Africa
Sherry Thorup. M.Sc., Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, Florida
Rawson M. Thurber. MFA, Movie Director, Los Angeles, California
Michael Tierra. Acupuncturist, herbalist, author, Santa Cruz, California
Omkar Tilak. Homeopathic Doctor, Pune, India
Muriel Tillinghast. Executive Director of Head Start, long-time civil rights activist, and 1996 US Vice Presidential candidate of the Green Party
Alan Tillotson. PhD, Author, Director Chrysalis Natural Medicine, Wilmington, Delaware
John Tindall. MCSP BAc MBAcC, Physiotherapist, Acupuncturist, Chinese Herbalist, London, UK. Previously an Aids specialist with Britain’s NHS. Co-author, Acupressure for Common Ailments
Apolinar Tiongson. MD, Pathologist, San Jose, California
Wilhelm Tischler. MD, Bad Hall, Austria
John Tatini Titantah. PhD, Physicist, L’Universit Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
Frederick Tobin. PhD, Gorke, Australia
Dominique Tobler. PhD Student, Geochemistry, Bern, Switzerland
Ivn Tobn Restrepo. MD, Universidad de Antioquia, Medelln, Colombia
Peter G. Tocci. MT, Holistic wellness consultant and health writer, Leominster, Massachusetts
Kathleen Tolliver. RN, New Haven, Connecticut
Marcio Murilo Tomasoni. Pharmacist and Biochemist, Florianopolis, Brazil
Eriberto Tontodonati. Astronomer, Ragusa, Italy
Sharon E. Toole. Certified Psychotherapist, Toronto, Canada
James Tooley. PhD, Professor of Education Policy, University of Newcastle, UK. Consultant to the UN, World Bank, UK Government; Director of the Education Program at the Institute of Economic Affairs; Author of many books including Reclaiming Education and co-author of HIV and Aids in Schools: The Political Economy of Pressure Groups and Miseducation
Denijal Topcic. PhD Student, University of Melbourne, Australia
Gustavo Torres. Dental Surgeon, File, Peru
Nicola Tosi. Professor of Geophysics, Milan University, Italy
Obediah Totimeh. Nurse, Coon Rapids, Minnesota
John R. Totter. PhD, Director, Atomic Energy Commission Division of Biology and Medicine (1967-72); Former Associate Director of Biomedical and Environmental Science at Oak Ridge National Laboratory; former Professor of Chemistry and Chairman of the Division of Biological Science at the University of Georgia
Michael Tracey. PhD, Director, Centre for Mass Media Research, University of Colorado at Boulder
Bernard Trink. Journalist, Author and Columnist, Bangkok Post
George B. Trinkaus. Author, How the [SF] Chronicle Invented Aids.
La Trombetta. Burzynski Research Inst., Houston, Texas
Dawn Trook. MFA, Author, Instructor, Sul Ross State University, Alpine, Texas
Gene Trosper. Quality Assurance specialist for a major medical device manufacturing company. Also chairman of the Riverside County (California) Libertarian Party
Dick Trostler. Engineer, Claremont, California [ ] Adam B. Troy. PhD candidate, Clinical Psychology, University of Miami, Florida
Ray Trujillo. DDS, San Diego, California
Oupa Tsheko. PhD, Lecturer, University of Botswana
Xin M. Tu. PhD, Harvard University School of Public Health, Associate Professor, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania [Says 90% of positive Hiv tests in low risk populations are false positives] Ionel Tudor. Mathematician, Giurgiu, Romania
Dr. Shungu M. Tundanonga-dikunda. PhD, Public & Policy Affairs Consultant, Berlin, Germany
James Turner. Engineer, Azusa, California
Valendar Turner. MD, Royal Perth Hospital, University of Western Australia
Meredith Turshen. PhD, Professor of Urban Studies and Community Health, Rutgers University, New Jersey
Richard A. Tuscher. D.O., Portland, Oregon
Teresa E. Tutt. MS, PhD candidate: Medical Radiation Physics, College Station, Texas
David H. Tyson. Mathematician, electrical engineer, Eugene, Oregon
Craig Michael Uhl. MD, former U.S. Navy physician, Monarch Beach, California
Marie Ukpong. Medical Microbiologist, affiliated with The Nigerian Association of Microbiologists
Friedrich Ulmer. PhD, Professor of Mathematics and Statistics, Bergische University, Wuppertal, Germany
Werner Ulrich. DVM, Veterinarian, Public Health Inspector, Sta. cruz De Tenerife, Spain
Jean Umber. Professor of Organic Chemistry, Acadmie de Nancy-Metz, Lorraine, France
John J. Umile. Medical Virology Researcher, Union County College, New Jersey
Howard Urnovitz. PhD, Microbiologist and Immunologist, Science Director, Chronic Illness Research Foundation, co-founder and CEO, Chronix Biomedical. Dr. Urnovitzs team developed the only FDA-licensed urine-based diagnostic test for antibodies to HIV
Roser Urreizti. PhD student in Genetics, Barcelona, Spain
Cristian Vaccari. Ph.D. candidate, IULM University, Milan, Italy
Gabriela Vachino. Architect, Barcelona, Spain
Francois Vachon. MD, University of Paris 7, France [Says Hiv is not transmitted by penile-vaginal sex] Eleonora N. Vacilotto. Nurse, Porto Alegre, Brazil
Vladimir Valderrama. MD, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogota, Colombia
Larry Valencia. M.S. Pharmaceutical Science, writer, Wyoming, Rhode Island
Gian Paolo Vallati. Architect, Writer, Rome, Italy
Joan Valls. MD, Arbucies, Spain
A. Van Beveren. PhD, Biochemist/Physiologist, Director, Health Integration Center, Skillman, New Jersey
Jean Van Camp. M.A., New Martinsville, West Virginia
Marcus Van Dam. MD, Scarborough, UK
Tine Van Der Maas. Prof. Nurse, Cape Town, South Africa
Steven Van der Merwe. Journalist, Times Media Ltd, Johannesburg, South Africa
JP Van der Veen. L.LB, Durban, South Africa
Karen Van Hoek. PhD, Ann Arbor, Michigan
Dewald Van Niekerk. Head of the African Centre for Disaster Studies at North-West University, South Africa. Co-author, Governance, Politics, and Policy in South Africa, Oxford, 2001
M.H. Van Sligtenhorst. MD, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Reinder Van Tijen. Industrial engineer. Founder of the non-profit industrial design foundation Demotech. Dieren, Netherlands
Albertus Van Wyk. Journalist, Johannesburg, South Africa
Darren Van Zyl. Paramedic and educator, Johannesburg, South Africa
Hernn Vanegas. Journalist, Medellin, Colombia
Kurt Vanquill. Ophthalmologist, Harvard graduate, San Francisco
Alex Varden. M.A., Los Angeles, California
CJ Varghese. Homeopathic physician, Taliparamba, India
Paul Varkonyi-Wallerstein. MD, Author, Das AIDS Dilemma; Forschung in der Sackgasse [The AIDS Dilemma; Research at a dead end]. Saarbruecken, Germany
Christopher Derick Varn. Managing Editor, Milkwood Review
Ricardo Vasquez-sandoval. MD, M.Sc., Prof. of Immunology, Universidad de Concepcion, Chillan, Chile
Antonieta Vazquez. Pharmacist, Maracaibo, Venezuela
Jorge Vega Bravo. MD, Universidad de Antioquia, Medelln, Colombia
Raul Vergini. MD, Predappio, Italy
Vivienne Vermaak. Broadcast Journalist, South Africa
Michael Verney-Elliott. Journalist, London, UK
Dr. Eduardo Verzini. MD, Argentina
Claudio Viano. Engineer, Turin, Italy
Goats up an Argan tree, or HIV doubters eating of the fruit of wisdom while watching out for rabid HIV defendersTerry S. Vibbert. DDS, Evansville, Indiana
Ana Vidal. Medical Student, University PUC-SP, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Gonzalo Vidal. D.C., Hayward, California
Gernot Vielkind. MD, Government Medical Officer, Lichtenau, Austria. Previously Assistant to Prof. KH Spitzy, Dept. of Chemotherapy, University Hospital, Vienna, Austria
Dr. Alberto Vigano. Milan, Italy
Carlos Villamizar Mantilla. Engineer, Bogot, Colombia
Jacques Siegfried Visser. Administrator, Aids Research Foundation of South Africa, Pretoria
K. Viswambharan. Founder of Natural Health Foundation, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India
Higinio Vital. Engineer, Madrid, Spain
Higinio Vital. Engineer, Madrid, Spain
Marta Vives. MD, University of Barcelona, Spain
Barend Vlaardingerbroek. PhD, Senior Lecturer, Dept of Mathematics and Science, University of Botswana
Janie Vohland. Registered Nurse; First Aid/CPR Instructor, Salem, Oregon
Giovanna Volpe. MA, Sydney, Australia
Peter-anton Von Arnim. Lecturer, Weimar Summer Courses, Germany. Author, Der grne Baum des Lebens and Goethe und der Islam
Eberhard Von Goldammer. Professor of Biophysics and Cybernetics, FH-Dortmund, Dortmund, Germany
Caroline Von Taysen. Psychological Case Worker, Berlin, Germany. Author, Autismustherapien – Grundhaltungen in der psychotherapeutischen Praxis im Zusammenhang mit der Therapie von autistischen Kindern und Jugendlichen (Autism therapy – basic attitudes in psychotherapeutic practice in connection with the therapy of autistic children and young people)
Bi Roubolo Vona. Ph.D., Asst. Professor of Mathematics, Clark-Atlanta University, Atlanta, Georgia
Aajonus Vonderplanitz. Nutritionist, speaker and writer, Venice, California. Author, We Want to Live and The Recipe for Living Without Disease
Erik VonHausen. Managing Editor, QNortheast Magazine, Utica, New York
Karl Voogd. Pharmaceutical Technician, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, Washington
Valerije Vrcek. M.Sc., Faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, University of Zagreb, Croatia
Riyad Vinci Wadia. Indian writer/director of Fearless: The Hunter Wali Story, A Mermaid Called Aida and BOMgAY
William Wagener. PhD, Associate Professor, Microbiology, Clinical Laboratory Science, West Liberty State College, West Virginia
Allene R. Wahl. PhD, C.N.C., Founder: International Resource Center for Chemically Induced Immune Disorders, Franklin Park, Illinois
M. Wainwright. PhD, Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University of Sheffield, UK
Kinefe Walde-miskel. M.A., Koln, Germany
Martin Walker. Journalist and author of Dirty Medicine
Michele Walton. Documentary Film Maker, St. Louis, Missouri
Ronald Elly Wanda. Engineer; President, Pan African Society, London, UK
Ernest Wandera. M.Sc., Health Care Admin, Elizabeth, New Jersey
Theodore L. Wansley. M.Sc., University of Florida
James H. Warner. LLD, Rohersville, Maryland
Patricia Nell Warren. Author, Publisher, Los Angeles, California
Emmy Wasirwa. MD, Kampala, Uganda
Eugene Watson. Manufacturer of Scientific Instruments, Laramie, Wisconsin
Edward J. Wawszkiewicz. PhD, Chicago, Illinois
Col. Douglas J. Wear. MC USA, Chairman, Department of Infectious and Parasitic Disease Pathology. Department of Defense Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, DC [salutes Duesbergs dissent and admits that Hiv has only a possible causative role in Aids] Charles Weaver. graduate student, Neuroscience, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York
Robert Weaver. MD, Chicago, Illinois
Yeh Da Wei. MD, Hsin-Chu City, Taiwan
Nicolas Weiland. Homeopath, Montreal, Canada
Hannes Weinbauer. Medical Student, Graz, Austria
Elisabeth Weinberger. Bad Ems, Germany. Co-author, Neue Punktuelle Schmerz- und Organtherapie
Sonya Weir. Journalist, Vancouver, Canada. Editor, Shared Vision Magazine
Barnett J. Weiss. CSW, HEAL Board Member, Brooklyn, New York
Darrell G. Wells. PhD, Emeritus Professor, Plant Sciences, Brookings, South Dakota
Jonathan C. Wells. PhD, Fairfield, California
Martin Welz. Editor, Noseweek, Cape Town, South Africa
Cyrille Onyumbe Wemakoy Wombo. Writer, Pretoria, South Africa
Adrian M. Wenner. PhD, Dept. Biol. Sciences, University of California at Santa Barbara
Louise Wentzel. Complementary Health Practitioner, Cape Town, South Africa
Rudolf Werner. PhD, Professor of Biochemistry, University of Miami School of Medicine
Jeremy R. Werner. L.Ac., MTOM, RMT. Acupuncturist, Master of Traditional Oriental Medicine, Beverly Hills, California
Jim West. Science journalist, Chairman of the Science Committee for the NoSpray Coalition in New York City
Manfred Wetter. PhD, Copperbelt Univ., Kitwe, Zambia
James Whitehead. writer and researcher for Continuum Magazine and Meditel Productions
Mark Whittaker. M.Phil, University of Glasgow, Copenhagen, Denmark
Thomas Whittier. Acupuncturist, Former Analytical and Research Chemist for Smith Kline & French, Former VP and Quality Control Director for Sterling Drug
Kenneth D. Wicker. MD, Physician, Internal Medicine, Jefferson City, Tennessee
Theodor Wieland. PhD, Max Planck Institute, Heidelberg, Germany
Jens Wielobinski. Physiotherapist, holistic medicine practitioner, Dresden, Germany
Frank Wiewel. Founder, People Against Cancer, Member, Advisory Board, National Institute of Healths Office of Alternative Medicine
Jon Wilcox. Physician, MBChB, DipObst, FRNZCGP, Auckland, New Zealand. Also served on government committees dealing with pharmaceuticals and classification of pharmaceuticals
David J. Wilder. MD, Physician, Augsburg, Bavaria, Germany
Karl Wilder. Nutritionist, New York
Ivor F. Williams. Project Manager, Botswana, Population Services International
Winthrop Williams. PhD, Physics, University of California at Berkeley
Kate Williams. PhD candidate, University of Michigan; B.Sc., MIT, MBA, University of Chicago
Beth E. Williams. Grad. Student, Teaching Assistant in Biology and Chemistry, Swarthmore College, Pennsylvania. Awarded a fellowship from the National Science Foundation
Annette Willmott. Registered Nurse, certified midwife, Sydney, Australia
Robert E. Willner. MD, PhD, author of Deadly Deception
Ashley Wilson. Engineer, Milano, Italy
Geoffrey Wilson. Atmospheric Scientist, Nederland, Colorado
Melanie Windover. Journalist, Toronto, Canada
Zev Winicur. PhD, Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder
Dan Winterrowd. M.A., Pilot Hill, California
Wade Wofford. Addictions Counselor, Birmingham, Alabama
Jacek Wjcik. PhD, Chemist, Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warszawa, Poland
Thomas E. Wojtaszek. Attorney, Brooklyn, New York
Susan Woledge. Remedial Therapist, Student of Naturopathy, Te Aroha, New Zealand
Derek A. Wolfe. DBM, North Devon, UK
Gerald T. Wolke. Pharmacist, Vallejo, California
Lee Marc G. Wolman. Civil Engineer, Belmont, Massachusetts, B.A., B.E., Johns Hopkins University, M.S., Harvard University
Ambroise Wonkham. MD, Faculty of Medical Genetics, University of Geneva Medical School, Switzerland
Croft Woodruff. MH, Vancouver, Canada
L.B. Work. MD, Monterey, California
James L. Worthington. Registered Nurse, Director of Nursing, Central Florida Rehabilitation Complex, Mount Dora, Florida
Gillian Wray. Dip.Hom.Med., Dublin, Ireland
Michael Wright. recipient of four federal grants from the US Public Health Service. Two of these grants supported the development and testing of software for Hiv risk assessment
James Wu. MD, Foster City, California
Cristiane Wu. MD, So Paulo, Brazil
Hung-Hsi Wu. PhD, Professor of Mathematics, University of California at Berkeley
Hannelore Wurst . Psychotherapist, Reinach, Switzerland
Leanne Wylet. Founder and President, Patients for Alternative Medicine (PfAM)
Markus Wyser. Dipl. Naturarzt and Drogist, Zug, Switzerland
Chun Xu. MD, PhD, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
Jos Antonio Yaez-Martinez. Naturopathic Doctor, Monterrey, Mexico
David W. Yarbrough. MFA, Silver Spring, Maryland
Steven Haywood Yaskell. Science writer, Sweden. Co-author, Maunder Minimum and the Variable Sun-Earth Connection
Gisle Yasmeen. PhD, Director, BC & Yukon Office, The Council for Canadian Unity; Research Associate, Sustainable Development Research Institute & Institute of Asian Research, University of British Columbia; co-author, “Work, Space and Place in the Cities of the East Asian Pacific Rim” in Kim, Douglass and Choe (eds.) Culture and the City in East Asia, Oxford University Press 1997
Wai Yeung. MD, Orinda, California
Donald Yewah. Engineering Graduate Student, University of Munich, Germany
John Yiamouyiannis. PhD, Biochemist. Biochemical editor for Chemical Abstracts Service, Science Director of the National Health Federation. Co-editor of the scientific journal, Fluoride. Co-author of AIDS: The Good News is that HIV Doesnt Cause It; The Bad News is that Recreational Drugs and Medical Treatments Like AZT Do
Dje Yobouet. PhD, Director of Chemistry, Food Safety Net Services, Ltd.; Scientist, Agricultural Experimental Station, University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Susan Yorke. MSW, RSW, Counselling And Development Centre, York University, Toronto, Canada
Risha Yorke. Playwright, Vancouver, Canada
Ian Young. Author The Stonewall Experiment (and other writings), Toronto, Canada
William Young. PhD, Genetics, Lansing, Michigan
Robert O. Young. Author, The pH Miracle: Balance Your Diet, Reclaim Your Health, and Sick and Tired? Reclaim Your Inner Terrain
Syed Zainulabedin. PhD, Neurobiologist, Freie Universitt, Berlin, Germany
Vladimir Zajac. PhD, Oncovirologist, Geneticist, Cancer Research Institute, Czech Republic
Doretta Zanella. Veterinarian, Torino, Italy
Vladimir Zaninovic. MD, Emeritus Professor of Neurology, Universidad del Valle, Santiago de Cali, Colombia
Jennifer F. Zea. D.C., Austin, Texas
Michael (Mickey Z.) Zezima. Editor, Wide Angle monthly; Author, The Seven Deadly Spins, Saving Private Power, The Murdering of My Years and other books. Has lectured at Yale and MIT
Zakhe Zondo. National Democratic Institute For International Affairs, Johannesburg, South Africa
Michael Zonta. Journalist, San Francisco. Author, The Men in My Life: A Therapeutic Autobiography
Hamadou Zourmba. Engineer, Wemblingden, Germany
Mark Zuhrbrigghen. PhD, Orthomolecular Nutritionist, Cape Town, South Africa
Winstone Zulu. Lusaka, Zambia, Consultant to WHO and UNAIDS. Member, President Mbekis AIDS panel. Founder of Alive & Well, Zambia
Musa Zuma. Researcher, South African Human Rights Commission, Johannesburg, South Africa
Andrs-amado Zuno-arce. Homeopath, Guadalajara, Mexico
Stanley J. Zyskowski. PhD, Farmington Hills, Michigan

There you have it. No handful of wild-eyed conspiracy theorists. No right-wing racists, as the Aids industrys spinmeisters would have you believe. Just 2,183 very serious, concerned, highly educated people from every corner of the globe who sense that an enormous tragedy is unfolding due to the medical establishments unwillingness to face the evidence that the Hiv-Aids theory is a mistake.

The people on this page were intellectually curious enough to have sought out and studied the arguments that discredit the Hiv-Aids theory. Since the mass media and professional journals censor these arguments, the vast majority of doctors and scientists, although decent people who want to do the right thing, have never been exposed to them, and so accept the biased conclusions of politicized bureaucracies like the CDC and WHO, whose coziness with the drug industry is legendary and whose recommendations always seems to dovetail perfectly with drug industry marketing plans.

Were it not for the massive media blackout of information that contradicts the Hiv theory, this list, long as it is, would be many times longer.

The next time you hear the media say, only a handful of scientists doubt Hivs role in Aids, refer them to this page. Explain to them that it is wrong to misrepresent the fact that there is enormous dissent to the Hiv-Aids paradigm.

The next time you hear the media drone, Hiv, the virus that causes Aids, remind them that journalists are supposed to distinguish between what is a theory and what is a fact. That Hiv-Aids is only a theory and has never been proven, is admitted by top scientists even in the Aids establishment.

The next time the media announce that tens of millions of people are dying from Hiv in Africa, ask them how they know that. Remind them that journalists are supposed to question dubious assertions from powerful, drug-industry funded agencies like the WHO, not parrot them as if they were indisputable. Ask them why they report these numbers as if they were actual Aids cases, when in fact they are projections made by WHOs computer programs, based on very questionable statistical methodologies and contradicted by many facts including the continual large population increases experienced in the countries supposedly worst affected.

Request that the media stop twisting the truth in support of a politicized, entrenched Aids establishment that profits financially by terrorizing people, pokes its nose shamelessly into peoples private sex lives, compels people to submit to inaccurate tests and literally forces mothers and babies to swallow toxic, unproven chemotherapy drugs with horrific, often-fatal side effects.

Explain to them that this is irresponsible, and that such actions cause needless anxiety, shatter peoples lives, tear families apart, destroy hope and trigger countless suicides. And that while we realize that sensational headlines about killer viruses sell newspapers, the social cost of these profits is unacceptable.

Make the media understand that keeping people in the dark about the large number of credentialed dissenters to the Hiv-Aids dogmas, and the financial conflicts of interest that are rampant among Hiv-Aids scientists and NGOs, is a violation of everyones human right to informed consent and freedom of information.

AFRICAN RAINBOW CIRCLE, P.O. Box 832, Waterfal 3652, KZN, South Africa
Email: Fax: +27 (0)31 765 6480

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