Science Guardian

Truth, beauty and paradigm power in science and society

I am Nicolaus Copernicus, and I approve of this blog

News, views and reviews measured against professional literature in peer reviewed journals (adjusted for design flaws and bias), well researched books, authoritative encyclopedias (not the bowdlerized Wiki entries on controversial topics) and the investigative reporting and skeptical studies of courageous original thinkers among academics, philosophers, researchers, scholars, authors, filmmakers and journalists.

Supporting the right of exceptional minds to free speech, publication, media coverage and funding against the crowd prejudice, leadership resistance, monetary influences and internal professional politics of the paradigm wars of cancer, HIV(not)AIDS, evolution, global warming, cosmology, particle physics, macroeconomics, information technology, religions and cults, health, medicine, diet and nutrition.



Halton C. Arp wki/obit/txt/vds/txt/txt/bk/bk, Henry Bauer txt/blg/ blg/bks/bk/txt/bk/vd, John Beard bk, Harvey Bialy bk/bk/txt/txt/rdo/vd, John Bockris bio/txt/ltr/bk, Donald W. Braben, Peter Breggin ste/fb/col/bks, Darin Brown txt/txt/txt/txt/txt/vd, Giordano Bruno bk/bio/bio, Frank R. Buianouckas, Stanislav Burzynski mov, Erwin Chargaff bio/bk/bio/prs, James Chin bk/vd, Nicolaus Copernicus bk, Mark Craddock, Francis Crick vd, Paul Crutzen, Marie Curie, Rebecca Culshaw txt/bk, Roger Cunningham, Charles Darwin txts/bk, Erasmus Darwin txt//bk/txt/hse/bks, Peter Duesberg ste/ste/bk/txt/vd/vd, Freeman Dyson, Albert Einstein, Richard Feynman bio, John Fewster, Rosalind Franklin, Bernard Forscher tx, Galileo Galilei, Walter Gilbert vd, Goethe bio/bk/bio, Nicolas Gonzalez tlk/rec/stetxt/txt, Patricia Goodson txt/bk/bk, Alec Gordon, James Hansen, Etienne de Harven bk/txt/vd, Alfred Hassig intw/txt, Robert G. Houston txt, Steven Jonas vd, Edward Jenner txt, Benjamin Jesty, Adrian Kent vd, Thomas Kuhn, Fred Kummerow, Stefan Lanka txt/txt/vd, Serge Lang, John Lauritsen vd, Paul Lauterbur vd, Mark Leggett, Richard Lindzen, James Lovelock, Andrew Maniotis, Lynn Margulis, Barbara McClintock, Christi Meyer vd, George Miklos, Marco Mamone Capria, Peter Medawar, Luc Montagnier txt/txt/vd, Kary Mullis, Linus Pauling prs/vd/vd, Eric Penrose, Roger Penrose vd, Max Planck, Rainer Plaga, David Rasnick bio/vd/bk, Robert Root-Bernstein vd, Sherwood Rowland, Otto Rossler, Harry Rubin, Marco Ruggiero txt/txt/intw/vd, Bertrand Russell Carl Sagan vd, Erwin Schrodinger, Fred Singer, Barbara Starfield txt, Gordon Stewart txt/txt, Richard Strohman, Thomas Szasz, Nicola Tesla bio/bio, Charles Thomas intw/vd, Frank Tipler, James Watson vd/vd, Alfred Wegener vd, Edward O. Wilson vd.


Jad Adams bk, Marci Angell bk/txt/txt/txt, Clark Baker ste/txt/rdo/vd, James Blodgett, Tony Brown vd, Hiram Caton txt/txt/txt/bk/ste, Jonathan Collin ste , Marcus Cohen, David Crowe vd, Margaret Cuomo, Stephen Davis BK/BK,/rdo, Michael Ellner vd, Elizabeth Ely txt/txt/ste, Epicurus, Dean Esmay, Celia Farber bio/txt/txt/txt/vd, Jonathan Fishbein txt/txt/wk, T.C.Fry, Michael Fumento, Max Gerson txt, Charles Geshekter vd, Michael Geiger, Roberto Giraldo, David Healy txt, Bob Herbert, Mike Hersee ste/rdo, Neville Hodgkinson txt /vd, James P. Hogan, Richard Horton bio/vd/vd, Christopher Hitchens, Eric Johnson, Claus Jensen vd, Phillip Johnson, Coleman Jones vds, William Donald Kelley, Ernst T. Krebs Sr txt, Ernst T. Krebs Jr. txt,/bio/txt/txt/ltr, Paul Krugman, Brett Leung MOV/ste/txt/txt/tx+vd/txt, Katie Leishman, Anthony Liversidge blg/intv/intv/txt/txts/txt/intv/txt/vd/vd, Bruce Livesey txt, James W. Loewen, Frank Lusardi, Nathaniel Lehrman vd, Christine Maggiore bk/ste/rec/rdo/vd, Rouben Mamoulian txt/txt/txt/txt/txt/doc/flm/flm, Noreen Martin vd, Robert Maver txt/itw, Eric Merola MOV, Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, Michael Moore bio/MOV/MOV/MOV, Gordon Moran, Ralph Nader bk, Ralph Moss txt/blg/ste/bks, Gary Null /txt/rdo/vd, Dan Olmsted wki, Toby Ord vd, Charles Ortleb bk/txt/bk/intw/flm, Neenyah Ostrom bk, Dennis Overbye, Mehmet Dr Oz vd, Eleni Papadopulos-Eleopulos ste/vd, Maria Papagiannidou bk, Thomas Piketty bk/bk/bk/bk/bk/bk/bk/bk/bk/bk, Robert Pollin txt/vd/bk, Jon Rappoport bio/bk/bk/ste/bk/bk/vd, Janine Roberts bk/bk, Luis Sancho vd, Liam Scheff ste/txt/bk/bk/rdio/vd, John Scythes, Casper Schmidt txt/txt, Joan Shenton vd/vd, Joseph Sonnabend vd, John Stauber, David Steele, Joseph Stiglitz bk/txt, Will Storr rdo Wolfgang Streeck, James P. Tankersley ste, Gary Taubes vd, Mwizenge S. Tembo, John Tierney vd, Michael Tracey, Valendar Turner rec, Jesse Ventura bk, Michael Verney-Elliott bio/vds/vd, Voltaire, Walter Wagner, Andrew Weil vd, David Weinberger bio/bk/blg/blg/BK/bk/pds, Robert Willner bk/txt/txt/vd, Howard Zinn.

I am Albert Einstein, and I heartily approve of this blog, insofar as it seems to believe both in science and the importance of intellectual imagination, uncompromised by out of date emotions such as the impulse toward conventional religious beliefs, national aggression as a part of patriotism, and so on.   As I once remarked, the further the spiritual evolution of mankind advances, the more certain it seems to me that the path to genuine religiosity does not lie through the fear of life, and the fear of death, and blind faith, but through striving after rational knowledge.   Certainly the application of the impulse toward blind faith in science whereby authority is treated as some kind of church is to be deplored.  As I have also said, the only thing that ever interfered with my learning was my education. I am Freeman Dyson, and I approve of this blog, but would warn the author that life as a heretic is a hard one, since the ignorant and the half informed, let alone those who should know better, will automatically trash their betters who try to enlighten them with independent thinking, as I have found to my sorrow in commenting on "global warming" and its cures.
Many people would die rather than think – in fact, they do so. – Bertrand Russell.

The progress of science is strewn, like an ancient desert trail, with the bleached skeletons of discarded theories which once seemed to possess eternal life. - Arthur Koestler

One should as a rule respect public opinion in so far as is necessary to avoid starvation and to keep out of prison. – Bertrand Russell

Fraud and falsehood only dread examination. Truth invites it. - Samuel Johnson

A sudden bold and unexpected question doth many times surprise a man and lay him open. – Sir Francis Bacon (1561 – 1626)

He who knows only his own side of the case, knows little of that. – John Stuart Mill

Whenever you find that you are on the side of the majority, it is time to reform. – Mark Twain

Although science has led to the generally high living standards that most of the industrialized world enjoys today, the astounding discoveries underpinning them were made by a tiny number of courageous, out-of-step, visionary, determined, and passionate scientists working to their own agenda and radically challenging the status quo. – Donald W. Braben

An old error is always more popular than a new truth. — German Proverb

I am Richard Feynman and I approve of this blog

When even the brightest mind in our world has been trained up from childhood in a superstition of any kind, it will never be possible for that mind, in its maturity, to examine sincerely, dispassionately, and conscientiously any evidence or any circumstance which shall seem to cast a doubt upon the validity of that superstition. I doubt if I could do it myself. – Mark Twain

It is difficult to get a man to understand something when his income depends on his not understanding it. – Upton Sinclair

A clash of doctrines is not a disaster, but an opportunity. - Alfred North Whitehead

Fraud and falsehood only dread examination. Truth invites it. – Samuel Johnson

Man’s mind cannot grasp the causes of events in their completeness, but the desire to find those causes is implanted in man’s soul. And without considering the multiplicity and complexity of the conditions any one of which taken separately may seem to be the cause, he snatches at the first approximation to a cause that seems to him intelligible and says: “This is the cause!” – Leo Tolstoy

The evolution of the world tends to show the absolute importance of the category of the individual apart from the crowd. - Soren Kierkegaard

Who does not know the truth is simply a fool, yet who knows the truth and calls it a lie is a criminal. – Bertold Brecht

How easily the learned give up the evidence of their senses to preserve the coherence of ideas in their imagination. – Adam Smith

Education consists mainly in what we have unlearned. – Mark Twain

The mind likes a strange idea as little as the body likes a strange protein and resists it with similar energy. If we watch ourselves honestly, we shall often find that we have begun to argue against a new idea even before it has been completely stated. – Arthur Koestler

Whenever the human race assembles to a number exceeding four, it cannot stand free speech. – Mark Twain

People of the same trade seldom meet together, even for merriment and diversion, but the conversation ends in a conspiracy against the public, or in some contrivance to raise prices. - Adam Smith

There isn’t anything so grotesque or so incredible that the average human being can’t believe it. – Mark Twain

He who knows only his own side of the case, knows little of that. – John Stuart Mill

It is difficult to free fools from the chains they revere. – Voltaire

People are generally better persuaded by the reasons which they have themselves discovered than by those which have come into the mind of others.- Blaise Pascal.

Illusion is the first of all pleasures. – Voltaire

The applause of a single human being is of great consequence. – Samuel Johnson

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About Science Guardian/New AIDS Review/Damned Heretics

December 25th, 2006

What is the purpose of Science Guardian?

Essentially, the original purpose was to use the complete, peer reviewed scientific and medical literature to brief newcomers and the more knowledgeable on the vexed issue of whether the conventional wisdom in “HIV/AIDS” is correct or not.

According to that literature, and the books and comment on the topic reviewed in posts here over the past eleven years, it is not. Period. The conventional wisdom in HIV/AIDS is grossly mistaken.

The situation in HIV/AIDS is simply that science has gone very, very wrong, and now forms a classic case study of what can happen in almost any field of supposedly objective inquiry where human interests are involved, now that the practice of science has become beholden to the government and business funding needed for the large projects which modern science undertakes in many fields, but especially in medicine.

This blog exists to explore HIV/AIDS and similar instances of science gone wrong because of the politics internal to science, especially sticky paradigms – ruling beliefs that resist change. HIV/AIDS is not the only field where the leading players evade the public or their peers with concealment or propaganda.

The simplest way to put the problem is that any rewarding idea which becomes the reigning paradigm or conventional wisdom of a field will tend to become immovably entrenched and resist all efforts to correct it, even as its flaws start showing through.

The phenomenon is familiar in every part of the academy, of course, since as people grow older they find it difficult to welcome the replacement of the ideas by which they have lived and prospered, particularly if they created them themselves, wrote them into many texts, or won a Nobel or other prizes for them.

The result is that intellectual innovation and improvement becomes harder and harder as time passes. Novel approaches are kept out of the literature by the conscious or unconscious resistance of those who stand on top of the status quo, or otherwise benefit.

In the most extreme scenario, the ruling idea may be plainly rotten and unsustainable in the face of criticism yet, because any replacement may threaten the profit of those exploiting the current notion, they will attack and defeat critics and innovators with overwhelming force, relegating them to the sidelines and even obscurity, unable to obtain the funding from the NIH or other government sources which is the sine qua non of modern lab projects.

This is preciselywhat has happened in HIV/AIDS, the most prominent example of this problem in science. Two unanswerable critiques of the current ruling theory were written by the best scientist in the relevant field and published in the highest journals, critiques which roundly rejected with impeccable scholarly and evidentiary logic the notion that HIV causes AIDS. Neither were ever answered directly in the same journals. Responses were only indirect, ineffective and almost entirely outside peer review, in public statements and on the Web.

Moreover lethal politics was brought to bear to discredit the scientist, Peter Duesberg of Berkeley, who was public spirited and scientifically ethical enough to raise objections to a very advantageous paradigm which had rapidly become entrenched. The virulent group defense ensured that his many subsequent professional reviews of the issue then and later went largely unnoticed and unread, and he himself was largely sidelined by ensuring that his hitherto unusually generous funding at the NIH was suddenly unsupported by colleagues, and that he published thereafter on the topic only with the greatest difficulty.

Thus HIV/AIDS is a case study of the egregious behavior of scientists is defending an idea in which their self interest is heavily invested, and it is an example which applies to other fields and issues where established leaders and their ideas are rendered untouchable, beyond both scientific and public review, even though they may be quite obviously wrongheaded to any competent outside critic without a personal stake in their belief system, who examines their scientific claims without favor.

Herewith the situation in HIV/AIDS:

A contradictory view of HIV/AIDS

The paradigm that AIDS is caused by an infectious virus, and that this unique retrovirus – HIV, now labeled self servingly and misleadingly ‘the Human Immunodeficiency Virus’, – is behind a grand infectious pandemic that is sweeping the world, felling millions by destroying their immune systems, has never been scientifically proven or even credible, according to the best peer reviewed literature of the field and in particular, the ongoing reviews both mainstream and from paradigm critics of the mismatch between the theory and its scientific studies and their results.

Though now an almost universal belief of governments, institutions and individuals around the world, HIV-is-the-virus-that-causes-AIDS began as a non starter of a paradigm, scientifically speaking, a stillborn child of ambition and authority, of political and economic advantage, which was rejected almost immediately by knowledgeable critics but nonetheless rescued, kept alive and inflated to global dominance by professional and media censorship, a massive influx of funding and unprecedented political pressures, all aided by the servility and conformity of the uncritical science and general interest media.

The claim, which was privately ridiculed by the elite of the scientific field which spawned it (retroviruses) when it was first made in 1984, and which soon (1987 and 1989) was thoroughly and expertly rejected in lengthy professional scientific reviews in the highest peer reviewed journals, has always lacked proof or even convincing demonstration of any kind in the scientific literature.

These profound drawbacks did not, however, keep it from instantly becoming a hallowed and unchallengeable assumption of tens of thousands of self-referencing papers. One reason is that the supposed solution to AIDS was announced at a news conference mounted by the federal government, which immediately guaranteed federal funding for any research based upon the claim and ensured that any claim rashly based on alternative and better justified science would be denied.

Precisely how this wingless paradigm failed to crash in the wake of the standard scientific review process which rejected it, and has instead been borne aloft for twenty two years on the hot air of claims, belief, faith, reinterpretation, rationalization, fantasy and delusion in the service of self-interest and group advantage, to the detriment and often death of those mismedicated in its wake, is the subject of this blog.

HIV/AIDS a case study

As the most remarkable specimen extant of a proven baseless belief maintained as conventional wisdom in the face of scientific logic and evidence, not to mention plain common sense, HIV/AIDS is the case study par excellence of how modern influences can distort science away from its origins in avocational truth seeking and toward its more modern role in licensing personal gain and power.

The situation is not unique in science. Vast sums are now at stake in maintaining more than one such unfounded scientific belief system beyond its proper shelf life, as billions pour into science and the pockets of scientists from government and private sources, particularly biotechnology investors and drug developing companies. But HIV/AIDS is certainly the biggest of such boondoggles that we know of.

In the case of HIV∫AIDS, the belief is artificially protected by explicitly acknowledged bureaucratic censorship at NIAID, full media cooperation with this ban on covering the topic, and drug company support of the many non governmental AIDS patient support groups in this country and abroad, funding which ensures that activists are bound to the ruling wisdom.

No conspiracy theory implied

No conspiracy is stated or implied in covering this topic and explaining how the system has gone awry, and nor are individuals accused of conscious deceit, however misguided their activities in the science or medication of AIDS and however obvious their resistance to considering the alternative without bias.

HIV/AIDS may be the grandest delusion yet in the history of medicine, but there is no evidence it was planned or coordinated as such except in small ways by Dr Anthony Fauci and his publicity cohorts at the NIH and elsewhere who have joined a few influential scientists and gay activists in protecting the paradigm with propaganda against debunkers. Most of its expansion has been achieved by the passive process of letting human nature take its course. That, at least, is our opinion, barring more evidence available under the Freedom of Information Act and possibly the discovery process in upcoming criminal trials.

The modest objective of this blog is to provide a public service in guiding enquirers to the material available on the topic, including the two dozen or more books on the topic, many written by scientific and medical authorities among the thousands of scientists, academics, scholars, specialists and professionals of all kinds that have added their names to a public list of critics urging a paradigm review.

Need for this blog

A long list of newspapers and magazines have covered this topic but nearly all, even the best (particularly Science, Nature, the New York Times and the New Yorker) have failed to employ reporters capable of or willing to challenge the NIAID and question the scientists most responsible for the misportrayal of the science and compare their claims with the literature of the field. Rather they have become supine propaganda spokesmen for the paradigm promoters they cover in their stories. Some have distinguished themselves, however, including the Sunday Times of London (Neville Hodgkinson) and Harpers Magazine in New York (Celia Farber).

But apart from a slew of books on the theme of how things have gone very wrong in this field, the promoters of the paradigm still have a stranglehold on media coverage of HIV/AIDS, and on political and media influence at NIAID, CDC, WHO, UNAID, NAS, NSF, Science, Nature, all foundations, virtually all governments (South Africa is the exception) etc. so there is a need for independent blog coverage which can guide readers to more reliable sources on the Web and off, especially the medical and scientific literature in the PubMed data base.

The posts in this blog develop this theme from their beginning and form a reasonably sequential guide to the various aspects of the issue. Read from the start to gain a quick understanding of the picture and its frame, that is, the paradigm dispute and the sociological context which distorts it.

Science and Ethics Guardian

Following the events and claims of HIV/AIDS and its dissent over two and a half years, from January 2005 to mid-2007, with Comments open to and attracting contradictions and objections from all comers, the blog host sadly concluded that the case against HIV as the cause of AIDS, the ruling paradigm under assessment in New AIDS Review, was complete, and there were no further arguments or supposed evidence to entertain against the debunkers who have weighed in against it.

For that reason, the expansion of the topic to other paradigms under review, such as human caused global warming, cancer caused by oncogenes, etc., which we have dealt with from time to time, seemed appropriate to avoid repetition.

Moreover, it has become increasingly clear that the fundamental issue in discriminating between good science and bad science is whether the science is practiced according to genuine professional standards or not, ie without bias introduced by human nature (see the blog logo) and without the distortion introduced by censorship, bullying and other means of evading open review.

Since good science is truthseeking, and a social activity in which professional standards have to be maintained, it seems to us that the ethics of good and bad behavior are the fundamental rules that have to be observed, and that this blog is concerned as much with those ethics as with science per se (data, observation and theory).

So we have expanded the title of the blog to Science and Ethics Guardian to better reflect our area of concern.

Lest this give the wrong, arrogant impression we hasten to add that this implies absolutely nothing about the behavior of the blog host, who in no way sets himself up as the example to be followed, though admittedly we do try to live a decent life in accordance with the principles we imagine lead to the greatest social happiness and personal security of all.

However, we also hurry to admit that if the representatives of large corporate entities or other fine institutions wish to offer us contributions to enable us to go forward with the work of this blog in promulgating what we think are worthwhile social goals, and those contributions are large enough, we cannot promise that we will refuse, and if we accept we cannot guarantee that our minds and our posts will not be subtly twisted in the general direction of tolerance of the self-serving views and opinions which seem to go hand in hand with such gifts in the case of other commentators.

For who are we to claim we are less human than anybody else?

Update: Reversion of blog title to original

Brevity being the soul of wit, we have reverted to the original title of Science Guardian, partly because we prefer to let the ethical implications speak for themselves, and to confine posts purely to the actual events in science and its politics we are concerned with, which may or may not give readers umbrage, which we leave up to them, and their expression of it in comments.

Trained in the “objective” reporting tradition we find ourselves uncomfortable in the role of arbiter and judge, since after all no one appointed us the judge of others, and such considerations are essentially unscientific. Our quasi-scientific study is human nature and its effect on the practice and profession of science, as far as we can divine it, and it is not our business to comment on its quality in individual cases, however lacking it may be in some instances well known to readers of this blog.

Moreover, we have found that, quite often, judging is merely an excuse not to give to others the credit and appreciation they deserve.

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